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PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive b p pː d t tː g k kː
Fricative s sː h
Affricate dz ts tsː
Approximant, tap or trill r~ɾ~l j w

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ʌ o
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Vowels and medial + vowel combinations (all written after an empty (-) consonant)

IPA i e a u ʌ o -
latin i e a u ŏ o -
hangeul
(j group) IPA je ja ju jo
latin ye ya yu yo
hangeul
(w group) IPA wi we wa wʌ~wo
latin wi we wa wo
hangeul

Consonants

IPA m n ŋ
latin m n ng
hangeul 1
IPA b d r~ɾ~l dz g -
latin b d r j g -
hangeul 1
IPA p t s ts k h
latin p t s ts k h
hangeul
IPA tsː
latin pp tt ss tss kk
hangeul

1 ㅇ is nothing in the initial spot (a syllable that starts with a vowel, 'null consonant'), but represents a velar nasal (/ŋ/) at the syllable final spot. An apostrophe may be used to separate otherwise hard to read syllables in romanisation; in general ng, pp, tt, ss, tss and kk normally belong to the same syllable of written without an apostrophe separating them. ( an'gu <안구> vs angu <앙우> )

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

CasesEdit

Nouns in Neo can have 5 cases

latin singular plural
Nominative Ø
Accusative n nen
Dative m nem
Genitive s nes
locative ng neng
hangul singular plural
Nominative Ø
Accusative 으낸
Dative 으냄
Genitive 으냇
locative 으냉

pronounsEdit

Pronouns behave just like nouns, with the first person being an exception.

latin first person second person third person
singular plural singular plural respectful singular plural respectful
Nominative      ik     (or ikkŏ) wi di dine o si / hi sine / hine ele
Accusative ikkŏn win din dinen on sin / hin sinen / hinen elen
Dative ikkŏm wim dim dinem om sim / him sinem / hinem elem
Genitive ikkŏs wis dis dines os sis / his sines / hines eles
locative ikkŏng wing ding dineng ong sing / hing sineng / hineng eleng
hangul first person second person third person
singular plural singular plural respectful singular plural respectful
Nominative 잌(or이꺼) 디내 시/히 시내/히내 애래
Accusative 이껀 디낸 신/힌 시낸/히낸 애랜
Dative 이껌 디냄 심/힘 시냄/히냄 애램
Genitive 이껏 디냇 싯/힛 시냇/히냇 애랫
locative 이껑 디냉 싱/힝 시냉/히냉 애랭

AdjectivesEdit

latin positive comperative superlative
Nominative i eri esti
Accusative in erin estin
Dative im erim estim
Genitive is eris estis
locative ing ering esting
hangul positive comperative superlative
Nominative 애리 앳티
Accusative 애린 앳틴
Dative 애림 앳팀
Genitive 애릿 앳팃
locative 애링 앳팅

bu ( 부 or 不 ) is used as a prefix to the adjective to make it negative.

VerbsEdit

standard verb paradigm, in form of suffixes.

latin incomplete complete
present u us
past uta utas
future uwa uwas
hangul incomplete complete
present
past 우타 우탓
future 우와 우왓

bu ( 부 or 不 ) is used as a prefix to the verb to make it negative.

Any verb starting with a vowel can contract with bu, where the u vowel in bu is dropped and the verb starts with a b instead.

copulae​Edit

essive copula;​Edit

latin incomplete complete
present su sus
past suta sutas
future suwa suwas
hangul incomplete complete
present
past 수타 수탓
future 수와 수왓

negative essive copula;​Edit

latin incomplete complete
present bu bus
past buta butas
future buwa buwas
hangul incomplete complete
present
past 부타 부탓
future 부와 부왓

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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