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Neuhic Lingue

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Neuhic Lingue borrows much of its vocabulary from English and some Chinese dialects.

Basic GrammarEdit

Neuhic Lingue is a SVO language, which means subjects come first, then verbs, then objects. Words that modify other words, such as adjectives, abverbs, and prepositions come before the words they modify. To indicate a question, the subject and verb is simply switched, e.g.: Ni laicas fuudem. You like food. vs Laicas ni fuudem? Do you like food?

Nouns change form depending on tense, gender, and whether they are singular or plural. Verbs change form depending on tense. Adjectives change form based on intensity. Noun bases generally end with vowels indicating their plurality level, gender, and place in the sentence, basic verbs end in -s, and abjectives end with -c, and adjverbs end with -n.

The language has 3 grammatical cases: nominative, accusative and genitative; 2 genders: male and female, as well as a lack of gender case; and 7 tenses: they are exemplified at the verb section.

Negatives Edit

There are only three negatives. They are nu- not, mu- not have, and bu- do not. They can be added to the fronts of nouns, verbs and adjectives to affect the meaning, but these prefixes cannot stand alone as independent words.

Nouns Edit

All nouns can be changed to the format of the following example. Male endings are -i and -o, female endings are -a, and undefined endings are -e and -u. To make endings plural, for male endings add -e before the ending, for female endings add -i after the ending, and for undefined endings add -i- before the ending.

e.g.

fire feh-

each box contains singular and plural, respectively.

male female undef
nominative fehi, fehei feha, fehai fehe, fehie
accusative fehin, fehein fehan, fehain fehen, fehien
genitative fehiz, feheiz fehaz, fehaiz

fehez, fehiez


Pronouns Edit

                              1st person /1st person plural /2nd person /2nd person plural /3rd person /3rd person plural /interrogative

Nominative male      nge             ngie                   ni                nei                      hi               ei                       se

                 female   nge             ngie                   ni                nei                      si               ei                        se

                 undef.    nge             ngie                   ni                nei                      i                 ei                       he

Accusative male      ngem           ngiem                 nim               neim                    him             eim                      sem

                 female   ngem           ngiem                 nim               neim                    sim               eim                      sem

                 undef.    ngem           ngiem                 nim               neim                    im                 eim                     hem

Genitative  male      ngez           ngiez                  niz               neiz                   hiz              eiz                      sez

                 female   ngez           ngiez                  niz               neiz                   siz              eiz                      sez

                 undef.    ngez           ngiez                  niz               neiz                   iz                eiz                     hez  


this           dse

these        dsie

that           ne

those         nie

which         he

Verbs Edit

All basic verbs end with -s. They all can be conjugated by adding certain endings to alter their tenses.

  • Verb Conjugation

The following chart illustrates which endings are used for the tenses in Neuhic Langue.

eat chides

Simple Forms      Progressive Forms  Perfect Forms       
Present chides chidesin n/a
Past chidest chidestin n/a
Future chidesil chidesilin chidesilt

The endings used above can be used with any verb.

  • Passive Verbs

Simply add be- in front of the verb to make it passive.

e.g. eat chides vs. be eaten bechides

  • To Indicate Something To Be Possible

Simply add ke- in front of the verb to indicate it is possible.

e.g. drink drenkas vs. can drink kedrenkas

AdjectivesEdit

All adjective end with -c. They come before the nouns they modify.

e.g.

amazing person amazic rene

happy people kuailec renie

edible food  kechidec fuude

Adverbs Edit

Adverbs are used to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They always end with -n.

e.g.

very happy taihen kuailec

aggresively said agresiven shuost

Prepositions Edit

to tou

from tsong

for por

at dsai

in/inside en

outside aut

above jisang

below/under sia

into entou

on sang

with gen

beside pang

through(physically) dru

through(passive) bei

against due

of yu

before tsien

after hou

along elong

until dau

throughout druhaut

between jigan


  • Prepositional Phrases

Nouns within these phrases are always in their accusative forms.

e.g.

under the bed sia ju bedem

in a house en u hausem

to China tou Chine'm

Conjunctions Edit

and ye

but/yet dan

or/nor huo

so suo

for/because inue

although seran

therefore intso

then nahou

Numbers Edit

  • Counting Numbers

lim  zero

yid     one                            den   ten

er   two                               bai    hundred

san    three                          tsien  thousand

phor  four                             milio  million  

ngou   five                            bilio    billion

liu      six                             trilio    trillion

chet    seven

ba       eight

nan     nine

To create complex numbers, refer to this example:

342,534,635,149 would be:

sanbai-phorden-er bilio ngoubai-sanden-phor milio liubai-sanden-ngou tsien yidbai-phorden-nan

the literary translation would be:

three-hundred four-ten two billion five-hundred three-ten four million six-hundred three-ten five-thousand one-hundred four-ten nine

a simpler example:

3,234

san tsien erbai-sanden-phor

three thousand two-hundred three-ten four

Note: In order to form counting numbers for objects, just add -z at the end of the sentence.

e.g.

twenty-four horses

erden-phorz horsie

  • Cardinal Numbers

Use the same numbers above, then add dey- in front of them.

e.g.

first deyyid

second deyer

  • To Indicate Repitition of a Action

Add -tso at the end of the number.

e.g.

first time, once  yidtso

second time, twice  ertso

Edit

DictionaryEdit

...

Example textEdit

HERO NE SLAYAST GIANTO

Taihen duohic yearie en pastem, gigantic mani beyouhast, hiz name est Roberti'm. Dse gianto aist kilas biehic renem, inue hi est taihen cruelic. Hi shuyos bestopast, dan at neshiganem, nefane muyouhas yidz rene kehindres Roberti'm. Hi siimast dsunbeihas destroyas ne landem. Hero beniidast stopas Roberti'm kilas folkem yu ne landem.

literary translation

HERO THAT SLEW GIANT

Very many years in the past, gigantic man be-had, his name was Robert. This giant loved kill other people, because he was very-cruel. He need be-stopped, but at that time, that-place not-have one person can-hinder Robert. He seem to-be-ready destroy that land. Hero be-needed stop Robert kill folk of that land.

translation into proper English

THE HERO WHO SLEW THE GIANT

A long time ago, there was a giant whose name was Robert. He loved to kill other people, because he was very cruel. He needed to be stopped, but at that time, there was not anybody who was able to hinder Robert. He seemed ready to destroy the land. A hero was needed to stop Robert from killing the common people.


The Tower of Babel Edit

Taure yu Babel'm

Dseshigan entirec seigaihe youhast yidz linguem ye comonac spiichem. Neshigan manie movest en eastem, ei faundest pleinem en Shinar'm, ye setalest dsai nefanem.

Ei bitsen shuost, "Layas, ngie dsuos briciem, yei thorohen fehacaus eim." Ei iust bricie nuius stonem, yei iust tarem por mortarem. Nahou ei shuost, "Layas, ngie trangjos chengshem por ngiem, gen taure ne reaches tou heaveniem, suo ngie ketrangjos namem por ngiem yei nubescatres druhaut fascade yu jentirec seigaihem."

Dan LORDE desendast kanas chengshem yei taure manie dsuost. LORDE shuost, "Ruguo as yidz reniem shuosin samec lingue ei kaishistit dsuos dsem, ranho muthinge ei planas dsuos esil nuposiblec tou eim. Layas, ngie desendas ye conphus eiz lingue suo ei bitsen nu'understandasil.

Suo LORDE scatrest eim tsong nefanem druhaut entirec seigaihem, ye ei stopast trangjos chengshem. Ne es reasone i benamest Babel'm --- inue dsai nefanem LORDE conphust linguem yu entirec seigaihem. Tsong nefanem LORDE scatrest eim druhaut fascade yu entirec segaihem.


The Tower of Babel

  Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar  and settled there.

  They said to each other, "Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly." They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. Then they said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth."

  But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. The LORD said, "If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other."

  So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel  —because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

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