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New Orkhon

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The New Okhon Turkic language (Jaŋalif: Jaŋь Orxun Tyrkcəsi, Modern Turkic alphabet: Yañı Orxun Türkçäsi) is an artificial Turkic language based on Orkhon and Old Uyghur, and developed by Dana.

The language is discussed in Dana's blog on Lingvoforum.

Alphabet Edit

The main alphabet is Jaŋalif, based on the Latin script used by the Tatar language in 1928-1940.

Jaŋalif Modern
Turkic
Cyrillic IPA Notes
A a A a А а [a]
B ʙ B b Б б [b] The small Jaŋalif letter is ʙ, not b
C c Ç ç Ч ч [ʧ]
Ç ç C c Җ җ [ʤ] Occurs only in loanwords
D d D d Д д [d]
E e E e Е е (э) [e]
Ə ə Ä ä Ә ә [æ]
F f F f Ф ф [f] Occurs only in loanwords
G g G g Г г (гь) [g]
Ƣ ƣ Ğ ğ Г г (гъ) [ɣ]
H h H h Һ һ [h] Occurs only in loanwords
I i İ i И и [i]
J j Y y Й й [j]
K k K k К к (кь) [k]
L l L l Л л [l]
M m M m М м [m]
N n N n Н н [n]
Ŋ ŋ Ñ ñ Ң ң [ŋ]
O o O o О о [o]
Ɵ ɵ Ö ö Ө ө [ø]
P p P p П п [p]
Q q Q q К к (къ) [q]
R r R r Р р [r]
S s S s С с [s]
Ş ş Ş ş Ш ш [ʃ]
T t T t Т т [t]
U u U u У у [u]
V v V v В в [v] Occurs only in loanwords
X x X x Х х [x]
У y Ü ü Ү ү [y]
Z z Z z З з [z]
Ƶ ƶ J j Ж ж [ʒ] Occurs only in loanwords
Ь ь I ı Ы ы [ɯ]

Grammar Edit

Numerals Edit

1 ʙir
2 eki
3 yc
4 tɵrt
5 ʙeş
6 altь
7 jeti
8 sekiz
9 toquz
10 on
20 jegirmi
30 otuz
40 qьrьq
50 əlig
100 jyz
1000 ʙiŋ

Ordinal numerals are formed by means of the suffix -inc/-ьnc.

Collective numerals are formed by means of the suffix -aƣu/-əgy.

Pronouns Edit

Personal pronouns Edit

Personal
pronoun
1st sq. ʙən
2nd sg. sən
3rd sg. ol
1st pl. ʙiz
2nd pl. siz
3rd pl. onlar
Declension of the word ʙən ("I") Edit
Nominative ʙən
Genitive ʙənim
Accusative ʙəni
Dative ʙəngə
Loacative ʙəndə
Ablative ʙəndin
Equative ʙəncə
Directive ʙəngəry

Reflexive pronouns Edit

kendy, ɵz, ʙod
oneself


Demonstrative pronouns Edit

ʙu
this
ol
that


The pronouns can be emphasized with the particle oş-: oşʙu "this here", (o)şol "that over there".

Indefinite pronouns Edit

qamuƣ, ʙarca, qop
every, any
ɵkyş
many


Interrogative pronouns Edit

kim
who
ne
what
qac, qanca
how much, how many
qanь, qanda
where
qandьn
whence
qaju
which
nəcyk
how
qacan
when
qaŋu
what kind


Conjunctives Edit

jana
also; in addition; as well; too
taƣь
besides; moreover
azu
or


Nouns Edit

Possessive suffixes declension Edit

1st sg. -ьm/-im/-m
2nd sg. -ьŋ/-iŋ/-ŋ; optional variant: -(ь)ƣ/-(i)g
3rd sg.
1st pl. -(ь)mьz/-(i)miz
2nd pl. -(ь)ŋьz/-(i)ŋiz
3rd pl. -ь/-i, -sь/-si; optional variant: -larь/-leri

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