| Name: Nhrwd
Type: Agglutinating, Isolating, What not?
Head Direction: Right
Number of genders:
Nhrwd is spoken by north Iberian elves.
What a weird folk.
|Plosives||b̥ (p)||b (b)||b̊ ̪ (f)||b̪ (v)||d̥ (t)||d (d)||g̊ (k)||g (ɡ)|
|Affricates||d̥z̥ (ts)||dz (ds)||d̥ʒ̊ (č)||dʒ (dž)|
|Fricatives||β̥ (ff)||β (vv)||ð̥ (tt)||ð (dd)||z̥ (s)||z (z)||ʐ̊ (ṣ/ŝ)||ʐ (ẓ/ẑ)||ʒ̊ (š) ʒ (ž)||ɣ̊ (kk)||χ (gg)||h (h)||ɦ (hh)|
|Lateral Fricatives||ɮ̊ (ll)|
|Nasals||m (p)||m̥ (mh)||n (n)||n̥ (n)||ɳ (nrr)||ɳ̊ (nrh)||ŋ (ng)||ŋ̊ (ngh)|
|Flaps / taps||ɽ̊ (rh)|
|Glides||Approxim.||w (vf)||j ( j )|
|Lateral Appr.||l ( l )|
The consonants are charted not voiceless/unvoiced but fortis/lenis as plosives and fricatives are both voiced but the quality and tenseness of the voicing makes the difference.
Semivocals (nasals, trills, rhotics, approximants) have the classical chart voicing rules applied.
All the double letter consonants (except <rr> /r/) are known as lenes; not the fortis/lenis lenes, but the products of lenition.
Gemination simply doubles the first character (<rrh> = /ɽ̊:/).
|Front||Near front||Central||Near back||Back|
|Close||i ( i )||ɨ (y)||u (u)|
|Near-close||ʏ ( î )||ʉ̠ (ŷ)||ɯ̠ (û)|
|Mid||ə (â)||ɵ̠̌˞ (r)||ɤ̠ (ô)|
|Open-mid||ɛ (e)||ɞ (ŵ)||ɔ(o)|
|Near-open||œ̠ (ê)||ɞ̠̌ (ȓ)|
The r-stemming vowels are twice as short as normal vowels.
The structure is, for now, a basic (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C). The most interesting thing here is my love of sound changes and fun mutations manifested in scary ways.
Nhrwd has some very interesting mutations, triggered by whatnot.
Ṣrâkunw - DissonanceEdit
Dissonance is a base sound change that governs compounding, derivation and inflection.
Dissonance is a sound change where plosives and affricates of the same strength occur in neighbouring syllables. The plosives are grouped in pairs, determing what consonant changes into what:
|Fortis||b̥||b̊ ̪||d̥||g̊ / g||d̥z̥||d̥ʒ̊|
This sound change occurs only when adding sounds to a word, but not to native words or loans.
The change is "radiant", that is, it changes the affixes, be they prefixes or suffixes, and in compounds, the right component of a pair of compound parts is the one that radiates.
mhrâk + ak = mhrâkag
Îkddha - LenitionEdit
Lenition is a grammatical sound change that's often a contrasting feature when it comes to meaning.
It has nothing to do with the fortis/lenis distinction. It is strictly initial.
The following consonants gradate into others in certain circumstances:
|h||Followed by lowered vowel||ɦ|
|l||Followed by back lowered vowel||ɮ̊|
|ɽ̊||When only consonant||ɳ̊|
A zero-phoneme preposition or particle that only causes lenition has a (lenitor) tag attached to it.
dažê (a river) => al ddâžê (the river)