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Conlang

Ni gu quan

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language of ni
니고쏴ㄴ
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Nihu

PhonologyEdit

original files:  Phonology hangulizationkanazationEdit

VowelsEdit

Vowels front mid back
close i y ʊ u
mid Ɛ ə ɔ o
open a ɑ

romanization :

IPA romanized hangulized
y / ə u ㅓ / ㅗ
ʊ / u j ㅕ / ㅛ
i i ㅣ / ㅡ
a / ɑ a ㅏ / ㅜ
ɔ / o o ㅑ / ㅠ
Ɛ e ㅐ / ㅔ

"Vowel harmony"

initiating front back
close i u e j
open a o
effect front/close back/open
y ə
j (backness) ʊ u
a (backness) a ɑ
o (openness) o ɔ

¹u only becomes y in case of front+close, otherwise it's ə.

consonantsEdit

Consonants labial coronal dorsal radical glottal
nasal m n
stop p b t d k ʔ
sib-fric s z ɕ ʑ ɣ
fricative f v ħ h
approx w j ɥ
flap tap ɾ
latt app l

romanization

IPA romanized hangulized final solo
m m m ㅁ
n n n ㄴ
p p ㅇ vowel shift p ㅇ
b / ʔ b b ㅎ
t t t ㄷ
d d ㄷ vowel shift d ㅌ
k k k ㄱ
s ts s s ㅅ
z z ㅅ vowel shift
ɕ tɕ c (final/solo = x) x ㅈ
ʑ x ㅈ vowel shift
ɣ g ㄱ vowel shift g ㄲ
f v v f ㅂ
ħ h h
w w w ㅍ
j y j ㅊ
ɥ q
ɾ r r ㄹ
l l ㄹ vowel shift l ㅆ

hangul/kanazationEdit

!note that vowel pronounciation can change due to "vowel harmony"!

hangulization none
none y u i a o Ɛ - iy iu ei ia io ie
my mu mi ma mo m - - - - - -
ny nu ni na no n - - - - - -
ħy hu hi ha ho p py pu pi pa po
sy su si sa so s zy zu zi za zo
tɕy ɕu tɕi tɕa ɕo tɕƐ ɕ ʑy ʑu ʑi ʑa ʑo ʑƐ
fu vu vi va fo f - - - - - -
tsy tu tsi ta to tsƐ t dy du di da do
jy ju ji ja jo j - - - - - -
ɾy ɾu ɾi ɾa ɾo ɾƐ ɾ ly lu li la lo
wy wu wi wa wo w - - - - - -
ky ku ki ka ko k ɣy ɣu ɣi ɣa ɣo ɣƐ
ʔy bu bi ba bo b - - - - - -
ɥy ɥu ɥi ɥa ɥo ɥƐ l - - - - - -
- - - - - - g - - - - - -
- - - ua uo d - - - au ou eu

타,탸,태,투,튜,테,ㅗ,ㅛ,ㅡ,ㅜ,ㅠ,ㅔ are dipthongs if alone, the dipthongs also can be gotten by using different vowels, 와,외,왜 for ua uo and ue (respectively), for au ou and eu, you use the normal consonant+vowel (a o or e) and add the vowel ㅕ after it (alone), for the iotized vowels (iy iu ia and io) you make a normal consonant + ㅣ and add the corresponding vowel, for an ei you add ㅡ to the + ㅣ.

for vowel enloungment you add the vowel ㅏ after ㅏ and ㅑ, you add ㅣ after ㅣ and ㅐ and you add ㅓ after ㅓ and ㅕ, as an alternative you also can enlounge with ㅖ after every vowel.

note that kanazation will be added later.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Ni gu quan uses an asian style numeral system, in base 12 (duodecimal).

english romanized hangulized english romanized hangulized
1 mo x*12¹ su
2 ya x*12² lus 로ㅅ
3 ni x*12³ tan 다ㄴ
4 yin 치ㄴ x*12⁴ ran 라ㄴ
5 sen 새ㄴ x*12⁵ suran 서라ㄴ
6 ta x*12⁶ lusan 로사ㄴ
7 nik 니ㄱ x*12⁷ taran 다라ㄴ
8 kan 가ㄴ x*12⁸ kin 기ㄴ
9 yak 차ㄱ x*12⁹ sukin 서기ㄴ
Θ/A nay 나ㅊ x*12¹² rik 리ㄱ
Ξ/B hid 이ㅌ x*12¹⁶ ya
0 won 퍄ㄴ x*12²⁰ yer 채ㄹ

some example numbers:

english romanized hangulized
933Ξ yak tan ni lus ni su hid 차ㄱ다ㄴ니로ㅅ니서이ㅌ
275308ΘΞ ya taran nik lusan sen suran ni ran kan lus nay su hid 차다라ㄴ니ㄱ로사ㄴ새ㄴ서라ㄴ니라ㄴ가ㄴ로ㅅ나ㅊ서이ㅌ
79Θ218Θ nik lusan yak suran nay ran ya tan lus kan su nay 니ㄱ로사ㄴ차ㄱ서라ㄴ나ㅊ라ㄴ차다ㄴ로ㅅ가ㄴ서나ㅊ
80170 kan ran lus nik su 가ㄴ라ㄴ로ㅅ니ㄱ서
112163 suran ran ya tan lus ta su ni 서라ㄴ라ㄴ차다ㄴ로ㅅ다서니



No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


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