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Níevzi

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Nivian
Níevzi
Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Nivian (Nivian: Níevzi, /'ɲevzi/) is an a priori language that was the second generation of Siryn languages. Its purpose is to express the complex thoughts of humans in a superior manner. The first evidence of Níevzi is from a carved stone discovered in the Íuçol Forest in present-day Pęrsirùs from thousands of years ago, before the Sirina people separated. Experts believe that it belonged to Sirê Zesú's (the creator of the first generation of Sirina languages) grand-successor. It wasn't until about 100 years after the language was created that the Latin alphabet made its way to Siryn. The first generation was very simple and is still used in some parts of Lezsía, /'lɛt͡sja/, (the region consisting of Pęrsirùs and Sævíùs).

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ɸ f v θ ð s v t͡s ʃ ʒ χ ʁ h
Affricate
Approximant ɹ j
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close u
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ
Near-open æ ɐ
Open

AlphabetEdit

Letters Name Pronunciation Further Information
Ææ al /æ/ -
Aa a /a/ -
Ää av /ɔ/ -
Åå å /e/ -
Bb /b/ -
Çç çå /θ/ -
Ċċ ċå /ð/ -
Dd /d/ -
Ee/Ęę e /ɛ/ ę is used only before an r. e is used for every other case
Ëë íë /œ/ -
Ėė ë /œ/ A very short "ë" sound. It is mainly used to separate two consecutive consonants
Ff /f/ -
Gg ga /g/ -
Hh ha /h/ Exception: It will be pronounced like /χ/ (vl uvular fricative), when it an "a" follows it.
Ii i /i/ -
Íí ía /j/ Used *only* before a vowel to add a short "y" sound to it.
Îî î /aɪ/ -
Ʒʒ ʒa /ʒ/ -
Kk ek /k/ -
Mm em /m/ -
Nn en /n/ -
Oo o /o/ -
Øø ío /ɔɪ/ -
Pp /p/ -
Rr /r/ Exception: When "r" is used at the beginning of a word or at the end of a syllable it is pronounced as /ʁ/
Tt ta /t/ -
Uu u /u/ -
Ùù íù /ə/ -
Vv /ⱱ/ Exception: It is pronounced like /v/ when it ends a word.
Ww /w/ -
Xx ax /k͡s/ -
Yy yv /ɪ/ -
Zz za /z/ -

PhonotacticsEdit

There are two types of consonant clusters allowed in the Níevzi language. These occurances are the ONLY time two cononants can be consecutive in the same syllable.

  • xi /ʃ/ - This cluster can only be used in the beginning of a syllable, but not a word.
  • zs /t͡s/ - This cluster can be used anywhere in a word or syllable.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No Yes No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Verb Conjugations:Edit

The following conjugations are add-ons to the verb, since Nivian is an agglutinating language. The conjugations add in the tense, and the subect pronouns are added after the tense to the verb.

Tense
Simple Present r
Present Perfect ryv
Simple Past z
Past Perfect zyv
Future d
Future Perfect dyv
Ever* l
Imperative f
Live** n
Continuous v
  • Ever Tense refers to if the subject has ever completed the verb action in its lifetime.
    **Live Tense refers to what the subject does for a living/for fun. One of two adverbs are needed (professionally/unprofessionally) to clarify.


Subject Pronouns
I

ù

We ùz
You (s.) yv You (p.) yz
He ío They az
She ía
It (an object) íi
It (a word or concept) íø

Examples:

  • lîbërù. - I undertand. [simple present]
  • æzesëryvía. - She has spoken (for 3 years). [present perfect]
  • æmëzyv. - You stayed. [simple past]
  • æzsėnamëzyvaz. - They had connected (by the time I arrived). [past perfect]
  • zipæmëdyv. - You (s.) will play. [future]
  • belëdyvùz - We will have known (by Sunday night). [future perfect]
  • lëlíi. - It has moved (sometime in its existance). [ever]
  • lîvnavësyv! - Eat! (you s.) [imperative]
  • æʒenënío. - He writes (for a living/fun). *The adverbs professionally & unprofessionally must be added into the sentence [live]

Other PronounsEdit

Direct Object
Me uwæ We uwæz
You (s.) uwi You (p.) uwiz
He uío They øz
She uía
It (object) uío
It (word/concept uíø
Indirect Object
Me síù We síe
You (s.) síi You (p.) síî
He sío They síaz
She sía
It (object) síy                   
It (word/concept síø
Possessive
My víù Our víe
Your (s.) víy Your (p.) víî
His vío Their víu
Her vía
Its (object) vío  
Its (word/concept víø

Absolute Possessive

Mine

víùʒė

Ours víeʒė
Yours (s.) víyʒė Yours (p.) víîʒė
His víoʒė Theirs víuʒė
Hers víaʒė
Its (object) víoʒė
Its (word/concept víøʒė
Demonstrative
this ilå
that ilù
these ilåz
those ilùz


Noun DeclensionsEdit

For case, add the prefix to the beginning of the noun. For number, add the suffix to the end of the noun. There should only be a total of one word after declenation.

Case
Subject tå(í)
Direct Object rå(í)
Indirect Object sa(í)
Object of Prep. wå(í)
Predicate Nominative za(í)
Number
None (0) ėhal
Singular (1) don't add anything
Plural (>1) war




VocabularyEdit


No. English Nivian
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22onei
23twola
24threemi
25fourlo
26fiveto
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eatlîvnavë/o
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103knowbelë
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140sayæzesë/o
141sing
142playzipæmë/o
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172redzsema
173green
174yellowhíeʒa
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198farna
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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