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Níevzi

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Nivian
Níevzi
Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Nivian (Nivian: Níevzi, /'ɲevzi/) is an a priori language that was the second generation of Siryn languages. Its purpose is to express the complex thoughts of humans in a superior manner. The first evidence of Níevzi is from a carved stone discovered in the Íuçol Forest in present-day Pęrsirùs from thousands of years ago, before the Sirina people separated. Experts believe that it belonged to Sirê Zesú's (the creator of the first generation of Sirina languages) grand-successor. It wasn't until about 100 years after the language was created that the Latin alphabet made its way to Siryn. The first generation was very simple and is still used in some parts of Lezsía, /'lɛt͡sja/, (the region consisting of Pęrsirùs and Sævíùs).

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ɸ f v θ ð s v t͡s ʃ ʒ χ ʁ h
Affricate
Approximant ɹ j
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close u
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ
Near-open æ ɐ
Open

AlphabetEdit

Letters Name Pronunciation Further Information
Ææ al /æ/ -
Aa a /a/ -
Ää av /ɔ/ -
Åå å /e/ -
Bb /b/ -
Çç çå /θ/ -
Ċċ ċå /ð/ -
Dd /d/ -
Ee/Ęę e /ɛ/ ę is used only before an r. e is used for every other case
Ëë íë /œ/ -
Ėė ë /œ/ A very short "ë" sound. It is mainly used to separate two consecutive consonants
Ff /f/ -
Gg ga /g/ -
Hh ha /h/ Exception: It will be pronounced like /χ/ (vl uvular fricative), when it an "a" follows it.
Ii i /i/ -
Íí ía /j/ Used *only* before a vowel to add a short "y" sound to it.
Îî î /aɪ/ -
Ʒʒ ʒa /ʒ/ -
Kk ek /k/ -
Mm em /m/ -
Nn en /n/ -
Oo o /o/ -
Øø ío /ɔɪ/ -
Pp /p/ -
Rr /r/ Exception: When "r" is used at the beginning of a word or at the end of a syllable it is pronounced as /ʁ/
Tt ta /t/ -
Uu u /u/ -
Ùù íù /ə/ -
Vv /ⱱ/ Exception: It is pronounced like /v/ when it ends a word.
Ww /w/ -
Xx ax /k͡s/ -
Yy yv /ɪ/ -
Zz za /z/ -

PhonotacticsEdit

There are two types of consonant clusters allowed in the Níevzi language. These occurances are the ONLY time two cononants can be consecutive in the same syllable.

  • xi /ʃ/ - This cluster can only be used in the beginning of a syllable, but not a word.
  • zs /t͡s/ - This cluster can be used anywhere in a word or syllable.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No Yes No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Verb Conjugations:Edit

The following conjugations are add-ons to the verb, since Nivian is an agglutinating language. The conjugations add in the tense, and the subect pronouns are added after the tense to the verb.

Tense
Simple Present r
Present Perfect ryv
Simple Past z
Past Perfect zyv
Future d
Future Perfect dyv
Ever* l
Imperative f
Live** n
Continuous v
  • Ever Tense refers to if the subject has ever completed the verb action in its lifetime.
    **Live Tense refers to what the subject does for a living/for fun. One of two adverbs are needed (professionally/unprofessionally) to clarify.


Subject Pronouns
I

ù

We ùz
You (s.) yv You (p.) yz
He ío They az
She ía
It (an object) íi
It (a word or concept) íø

Examples:

  • lîbërù. - I undertand. [simple present]
  • æzesëryvía. - She has spoken (for 3 years). [present perfect]
  • æmëzyv. - You stayed. [simple past]
  • æzsėnamëzyvaz. - They had connected (by the time I arrived). [past perfect]
  • zipæmëdyv. - You (s.) will play. [future]
  • belëdyvùz - We will have known (by Sunday night). [future perfect]
  • lëlíi. - It has moved (sometime in its existance). [ever]
  • lîvnavësyv! - Eat! (you s.) [imperative]
  • æʒenënío. - He writes (for a living/fun). *The adverbs professionally & unprofessionally must be added into the sentence [live]

Other PronounsEdit

Direct Object
Me uwæ We uwæz
You (s.) uwi You (p.) uwiz
He uío They øz
She uía
It (object) uío
It (word/concept uíø
Indirect Object
Me síù We síe
You (s.) síi You (p.) síî
He sío They síaz
She sía
It (object) síy                   
It (word/concept síø
Possessive
My víù Our víe
Your (s.) víy Your (p.) víî
His vío Their víu
Her vía
Its (object) vío  
Its (word/concept víø

Absolute Possessive

Mine

víùʒė

Ours víeʒė
Yours (s.) víyʒė Yours (p.) víîʒė
His víoʒė Theirs víuʒė
Hers víaʒė
Its (object) víoʒė
Its (word/concept víøʒė
Demonstrative
this ilå
that ilù
these ilåz
those ilùz


Noun DeclensionsEdit

For case, add the prefix to the beginning of the noun. For number, add the suffix to the end of the noun. There should only be a total of one word after declenation.

Case
Subject tå(í)
Direct Object rå(í)
Indirect Object sa(í)
Object of Prep. wå(í)
Predicate Nominative za(í)
Number
None (0) ėhal
Singular (1) don't add anything
Plural (>1) war




VocabularyEdit


No. English Nivian
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22onei
23twola
24threemi
25fourlo
26fiveto
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatlîvnavë/o
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowbelë
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayæzesë/o
141singContionary_Wiki
142playzipæmë/o
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redzsema
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowhíeʒa
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farna
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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