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Niwenglisc:Substantive

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Dictionaries: Nouns * Adjektive * Verbs
Noun Classes: Family
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NounsEdit

Nouns are listed here in the form:

  • main word, plural ending - definition

MasculineEdit

  1. Capital: A, Æ, B, C, D, Ð, E, F, G, Ȝ, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Œ, P, Q, R, S, T, Þ, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
  2. Lowercase: a, æ, b, c, d, ð, e, f, g, ȝ, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, œ, p, q, r, s, t, þ, u, v, w, x, y, z
  • Æðeling, -e prince
  • Æker, -e field (example: Þie Cilder pleȝeþ im Æker)
  • Breidels, -e bridle
  • Broðer, Brœðer: brother
  • Dæȝ, Dage: day
  • Fader, Fæder: father
  • Fætels, -e vessel, tub
  • Freed, -e liberty, freedom
  • Freedom, -e freedom
  • Gædling, -e companion
  • Ȝol, -e: Yule, Christmas
  • Hærfest, -e autumn
  • Hengest, -e horse
  • Hwæl, Hwale: whale
  • Knæpling, -e youth
  • Koker, -e quiver
  • Kyning, -e king
  • Lytling, -e child
  • Mæȝ, Mage: kinsman, relative
  • Mærh, Mærge: horse
  • Pæþ, Paðe: path
  • Stæf, Stafe: staff
  • Staan, Stane: stone

FeminineEdit

  • Are, -n honor
  • Æspe, -n aspen-tree
  • Æhte, -n property
  • Æxe, -n axis
  • Æxel, -n shoulder
  • Bad, -e pledge
  • Bær, -e bier
  • Berc, -e birch-tree
  • Bot, -e advantage
  • Brod, -e brood
  • Bru, -we eyebrow
  • Dare, -n injury
  • Denne, -n valley
  • Fare, -n journey
  • Feel, -e file
  • Gad, -e goad
  • Gife, -n gift
  • Glof, -e glove
  • Hall, -e hall
  • Herd, -e herd, flock
  • Hnite, -n nit
  • Hoge, -n solicitude
  • Hweil, -e space of time
  • Kare, -n care
  • Koðe, -n disease
  • Kwale, -n violent death
  • Lad, -e way, journey
  • Laðe, -n invitation
  • Laf, -e remnant
  • Lar, -e learning
  • Leed, -e nation
  • Lind, -e linden, shield
  • Lufe, -n love
  • Mark, -e boundary
  • Med, -e reward
  • Merd, -e reward
  • Minute, -n minute
  • Mund, -e hand
  • Nafe, -n nave (of a wheel)
  • Note, -n use
  • Rad, -e ride, riding
  • Rake, -n account, narrative
  • Rerd, -e voice, language
  • Rod, -e cross
  • Rude, -n redness
  • Run, -e secret
  • Sage, -n saw
  • Sake, -n strike
  • Salfe, -n ointment
  • Scame, -n shame
  • Scand, -e disgrace
  • Scinne, -n shin
  • Scofel, -e shovel
  • Scole, -n troop
  • Seide, -n side
  • Seide, -n silk
  • Sekunde, -n second
  • Selke, -n silk
  • Snore, -n daughter-in-law
  • Sorge, -n sorrow
  • Stale, -n theft
  • Stunde, -n hour, period of time
  • Suge, -n sow
  • Suht, -e sickness
  • Sulh, Sylh plough
  • Swaðe, -n track
  • Tale, -n tale, number
  • Tang, -e tongs
  • Þarf, -e need
  • Þeed, -e nation
  • Þrage, -e time, period
  • Þrake, -n violence, combat
  • Wambe, -e stomach
  • Ward, -e protection
  • Ware, -n people
  • Wrake, -n revenge
  • Wund, -e wound

UmlautEdit

A small number of common feminine nouns have umlauts (vowel changes) in the plural. A few of these, which end in a vowel and the letter h also add an e in the plural.

  • Ak, Æke: oak
  • Bok, Bœke: book
  • Brok, Brœke: trousers (example: Hafst þu ane niwe Brok? do you have a new pair of pants?; Ȝese, ic þat do Yes, I do (have that))
  • Burg, Byrge: city
  • Dung, Dynge: prison
  • Furh, Fyrhe: furrow
  • Gaat, Gæte: goat
  • Gos, Gœse: goose
  • Gruut, Gryte: coarse meal, groats
  • Hnute, Hnyte: nut
  • Kuu, Kye: cow
  • Luus, Lyse: louse
  • Melk, Milke: milk
  • Muus, Myse: mouse
  • Naht, Næhte: night
  • Stude, Styde: pillar
  • Stuðe, Styðe: pillar
  • Sulh, Sylhe: plough
  • Þruh, Þryhe: trough
  • Turf, Tyrfe: turf
  • Wloh, Wlœhe: fringe

NeuterEdit

  • Blækk, -e ink
  • Cild, -er child
  • Eaȝe, -n/-n eye
  • Eare, -n/-n ear
  • Gewritt, -e something written; book, charter, document, letter, inscription, writ, treatise, scripture (the generic word for something written, use others to get specific); Bok, Carte, Brief, Screifung, Writt, etc.
  • Lamb, -er lamb
  • Mæȝden, - girl
  • Speld, -er torch, flashlight
  • Wange, -n/-n cheek

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