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Noslanic language
Noslanla
Type A priori
Alignment Nominative-accusative
Head direction Head-initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 9
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 96%
Statistics
Nouns 100%
Verbs 100%
Adjectives 100%
Syntax 100%
Words 176 of 1500
Creator Lemon82orange
The Noslanic language /nɔs'lanɪk/ is a constructed language (conlang) created by user Lemon82orange.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ¹
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x h
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant j w
Flap ɾ
Lateral app. l

¹ It is represented by n before consonants.

Standard Noslanic Alphabet representation Simplified Noslanic Alphabet representation IPA representation Examples and notes Noslanic examples
Bb Bb /b/ As in book. bör
bear
Cc Cc /t͡s/ As in German Zeit, Russian царь or Italian grazia. cifrë
number, figure
Čč CScs /t͡ʃ/ As in chop. čern
black
Dd Dd /d/ As in dream. destin
fate
Ðð DDdd /ð/ As in that. ðjálogo
dialogue
Ff Ff /f/ As in fun. fara
lighthouse
Gg Gg /g/ As in girl. gramátikas
grammar
Ǧǧ GGgg /d͡ʒ/ As in judge. ǧornal
newspaper
Hh Hh /h/ As in ham. har
hair
Jj Jj /j/ As in yes. jare
year
Kk Kk /k/ As in kilo. köre
core, nucleus
Ll Ll /l/ As in let. lox
lake
Mm Mm /m/ As in man. matrë
mother
Nn Nn /n/ As in nothing. nočë
night
Ňň NNnn /ɲ/ As in Spanish mañana or French montagne ňoki
gnocchi
Pp Pp /p/ As in pan pota
potato
Rr Rr /ɾ/ As in Spanish verde or Italian mare. Romynië
Romania
Ss Ss /s/ As in same. serca
heart
Šš SSss /ʃ/ As in shake. šantese
singer
Tt Tt /t/ As in take. tako
taco
Þþ TTtt /θ/ As in think. þust
thirst, thirsty
Vv Vv /v/ As in valley. vörke
to work
Ww Ww /w/ As in will. windü
window
Xx Xx /x/ As in Scots loch and Spanish jugo. xel
ice
Zz Zz /z/ As in zebra. znaje
to know
Žž ZZzz /ʒ/ As in vision. žus
juice

VowelsEdit

Standard Noslanic Alphabet representation Simplified Noslanic Alphabet representation IPA representation Examples and notes Noslanic examples
Aa, Áá, Ââ, Àà Aa (Áá, Ââ, Àà) /a/ As in hat. Dojčlant
Germany
Ee, Éé, Êê, Èè Ee (Éé, Êê, Èè) /e/ As in pet. špigel
mirror
Ëë, E̋e̋ AEae (ÁÉáé) /ə/ As in future. rax
spring
Ii, Íí, Îî, Ìì Ii (Íí, Îî, Ìì) /i/ As in free. čite
to read
Oo, Óó Oo (Óó) /o/ As in boy. televižori
television
Öö, Őő OEoe (ÓÉóé) /œ/ As in French bleu and German Österreich. grön
green
Uu, Úú, Ûû, Ùù Uu (Úú, Ûû, Ùù) /u/ As in spoon. Ukrajina
Ukraine
Üü, Űű UEue (ÚÉúé) /u/ As in Norwegian vindu. küle
to listen
Yy, Ýý, Ŷŷ, Ỳỳ Yy (Ýý, Ŷŷ, Ỳỳ) /i/ As in Russian ты and Romanian Româniă. myše
mouse

GrammarEdit

The alphabetEdit

The Standard Noslanic Alphabet (STNA) is based on the ISO basic Latin alphabet, but the Noslanic alfabetë is composed of 35 letters, 26 consonants and 9 vowels. Modified vowels have a diaeresis on the top, and modified consonants have carons. ð and þ come from the Icelandic alphabet, they even represent the same phonemes. The letter Q is the only letter from the basic Latin alphabet that isn't included. All the phonemes are represented by one character, except /ŋ/. 

Aa Bb Cc Čč Dd Ðð Ee Ëë Ff Gg Ǧǧ Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Ňň Oo Öö Pp Rr Ss Šš Tt Þþ Uu Üü Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz Žž

The Simplified Noslanic Alphabet (SINA) is a version of the Noslanic alphabet which is composed only of ISO basic Latin alphabet characters. It may only be used when there is inability to write the characters of the standard version, such as in URLs or fonts that don't support them. Vowels with diacritics marking case and stress may be used if possible. If AEae, OEoe and UEue should have an accute accent according to accentuation rules, there should be one over each vowel: ÁÉáé, ÓÉóé, ÚÉúé.

  • Ëë becomes AEae, and it becomes the 2nd letter of the alphabet, placed after Aa.
  • Čč becomes CScs.
  • Ðð becomes DDdd.
  • Ǧǧ becomes GGgg.
  • Ňň becomes NNnn.
  • Öö becomes OEoe.
  • Šš becomes SSss.
  • Þþ becomes TTtt.
  • Üü becomes UEue.
  • Žž becomes ZZzz.

Aa AEae Bb Cc CScs Dd DDdd Ee Ff Gg GGgg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn NNnn Oo OEoe Pp Rr Ss SSss Tt TTtt Uu UEue Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz ZZzz

The S ruleEdit

It usually takes place when adding suffixes to words, when combining nouns to form other words and when forming plurals.

  • When an S is added to an S, they become a Š. ss → š
  • When an S is added to a T, they become a C. ts → c
  • When an S is added to a C, they become a Č. cs → č

PluralsEdit

  • The S rule takes place here. Example:
    • sens → senš (sense senses)
    • hemthem(shirt → shirts)
    • salc → salč (salt → salts)
  • If the noun ends in any other letter, an s is added. Example: nebo → nébos (sky → skies)

Stress and accentuationEdit

Noslanic words follow accentuation rules. They are the same for all words, no exceptions.

  • The stress is on the last syllable if it ends in a consonant. Example: Azerbajǧan (Azerbaijan)
  • The stress is on the second-to-last syllable if it ends in a vowel. Example: patrë (father)
  • If the stress is somewhere else and the word doesn't follow the rules above, an acute accent is used to mark where the stress is. Example: psilogas (psychology), húndus (dogs)

Vowels with diaeresis (Ëë, Öö, Üü) would have a double acute accent (E̋e̋, Őő, Űű), not an accent over the diaeresis (Ë́ë́, Ö́ ö́, Ǘǘ).

If an accent should be placed on a vowel marking a case (Ââ, Êê, Îî, Ûû, Ŷŷ), a grave accent is used (Àà, Èè, Ìì, Ùù, Ỳỳ).

Word orderEdit

Noslanic is a SOV language. This means the basic word order is subject + object + verb. Example:

  • Marja lívrâs čitre.
  • Marja reads books.

If the sentence is translated literally, it would be Maria books reads.

PossessivesEdit

Possessives are:

  • Mož - My
  • Tož - Your (singular)
  • Sož - His/Her
  • Nož - Our
  • Tojž - Your (plural)
  • Sojž - Their
  • Vož - Your (singular, informal)
  • Vojž - Your (plural, formal)
  • Þuž- Its
  • Þujž- Their (non-human living things, objects, concepts)

A letter is added depending on the last vowel the possessed noun has. Example:

  • Le može ljed. (My song)
  • Ly sojžy peý. (Their country)
  • La nojža ozjan. (Our ocean)

AdjectivesEdit

PositiveEdit

They work the same as possessives. Examples:

  • Smačnö bröð. (Tasty bread)
  • Grandë galaksjë. (Big galaxy)
  • Lödi kin. (Ugly child)
  • Blödǧa Marja (Bloody Mary)

NegativeEdit

It indicates that a word doesn't have a quality. The suffix -nje is added to the adjective root. If the adjective ends in n, it is replaced by an ň (see example at the first sentence below).

  • Gröňje xerb. (Non-green grass)
  • Ewropajnje grédar. (Non-European citizen)
  • Originalnje tjel. (Unoriginal story) - The story is not "unoriginal", but "not original", the words for English adjectives like "unoriginal" do not exist in Noslanic.

ComparativeEdit

SuperiorityEdit

The suffix -me is added to the adjective root. If the adjective root ends in -m, it is replaced by a -b (see example at the fourth sentence below).

  • Moža vejetal molme vat la toža sic. (My vegetable is smaller than yours)
  • Sujža dam bonme sic. (Their house is better)
  • Lës granpatrës vežme-tu syc. (The grandfathers are older than you)
  • Las lajňas uniforbe vat las sožas syc. (The lines are more uniform than yours)
EqualityEdit

The suffix -sa is added to the adjective root. If the adjective root ends in -s, -t or -c, the S rule occurs.

  • Las fraws bajča-tu syc. (The women are as equal as you)
  • On baryka žívnojsa-sa sic. (A wall is as alive as her)
  • Das padušas komfortnojsa vat las sožas syc. (Those pads are more comfortable than his)
InferiorityEdit

The suffix -fe are added to the adjective root. If the adjective root ends in -f, it is replaced with a -v.

  • Je intelektalfe-suj sim. (I am less inteligent than them)
  • Saža műsik bornojfe sic. (Her music is less boring)
  • Tožas vestáðas granfe vat las sájžas syc. (Your clothes are less big than theirs)

SuperlativeEdit

PositiveEdit

The suffix -mü is added to the adjective root.

  • Tu alt ses. (You are the tallest)
  • Suj žentn personës lu bóteju syc. (They are the most gentle people in the world)
  • Nuj bon sym. (We are the best)
NegativeEdit

The suffix -fü ​is added to the adjective root.

  • Suomla lajx lan sic. (Finnish is the least easy language)
  • Noj dum sym. (We are the least foolish people)
  • Ðis spagetis fawrn recet sic. (These spaghettis are the least hot recipe)

Personal pronounsEdit

Pronoun Translation Person Number Gender Usage
Je I 1st Singular Neutral Both
Noj We 1nd Plural Masculine Both
Naj We 1nd Plural Feminine Both
Nuj We 1nd Plural Neutral Both
Tu You 2nd Singular Neutral Informal
Toj You, y'all 2nd Plural Masculine Informal
Taj You, y'all 2nd Plural Feminine Informal
Tuj You, y'all 2nd Plural Neutral Informal
Vu You 2nd Singular Neutral Formal
Voj You 2nd Singular Masculine Formal
Vaj You 2nd Singular Feminine Formal
So He 3rd Singular Masculine Both
Sa She 3rd Singular Feminine Both
Su They 3rd Singular Neutral Both
Þu¹ It 3rd Singular Neutral Both
Soj They 3rd Plural Masculine Both
Saj They 3rd Plural Feminine Both
Suj They 3rd Plural Neutral Both
Þuj¹ They 3rd Plural Neutral Both

¹ Used for objects, concepts and non-human living things (animals, insects, bacteria...).

VerbsEdit

ConjugationEdit

  • All verbs in infinitive end in er.
  • In order to conjugate a verb in the present tense, a suffix is added, replacing the infinitive suffix.
  • For the other tenses, a modal verb is used.
  • There are no irregular verbs.
  • In the participle, if the verb root ends in t, it is replaced with þ (see example at Passive voice table below).
Tense Formula Example
Present Verb root + r◌ jester (to eat) → Je jestrem (I eat)
Past Dyt + infinitive fluger (to fly) → Tu dyt fluger (You flied)
Future Völ + infinitive limpjer (to clean)→ Suj völ limpjer (They will clean)
Conditional Wüd + infinitive tröjmer (to dream) → So wüd tröjmer (He would dream)
Participle -t finišer (to finish) → Finišt (Finished)
Person Suffix added Example
1st singular (je) -em mürer (to die) → Je mürjem (I eat)
1st plural (noj, naj, nuj) -ym pintrer (to paint) → Naj pintrym (We paint)
2nd p. sg. (tu, vu) -es kondujer (to drive)→ Tu kondujes (You drive)
2nd p. pl. (toj, taj, tuj, voj, vaj, vuj) -ys ljuber (to love) → Voj ljubys (You love)
3rd p. sg. ( so, sa, su, þu) -ic pacjer (to walk) → Þu pacjic (It walks)
3rd p. pl. (soj, saj, suj, þuj) -yc špyljer (to play) →  Suj špyljyc (They play)

Passive voiceEdit

Formula Example
Object + subject + verb ser + hyphen + verb participle Lo skorpjó ân frâw dyt byter (The scorpion bit a woman) → Ân frâw lo skorpjó dyt-ser-byþ  (A woman was bitten by the scorpion)

ModalityEdit

Modal verb Translation Usage Example
Puder Can, may Ability, permission Je pudim fluger (I can fly)
Deter Should Advice Tu sajê detes spraxer (You should speak to her)
Muster Must Obligation Suj þujâ mustyc laver (They must clean it)
Šuler Shall Propositions Nuj lâ windâ šulym tankjer? (Shall we close the window?)
Seler Use to, usually Customs, routines Je voda selim tranker (I usually drink water)

Grammatical casesEdit

Noslanic has 6 cases. However, declensions are not very complicated and work the same in all nouns.

NominativeEdit

It marks the subject. It is also used if the word is placed in a sentence without verb and object. Words in nominative are not declined. Examples:

  • La cajša
  • The box
  • On garderob mítǧosa kriptric.
  • A wardrobe hides sockets.

AccusativeEdit

It marks the direct object. To decline a word in accusative, an â should be added. If the word ends with a consonant, the last vowel is replaced with it. Examples:

  • Moža graňa hemčâ tešic.
  • My grandma knits shirts.
  • Du mišku ân idiâ habic.
  • This cat has an idea.

DativeEdit

It marks the indirect object. To decline a word in dative, an ê should be added.  If the word ends with a consonant, the last vowel is replaced with it. Examples:

  • Des polizéses þê manê an armaja kofic.
  • These policemen buy that man a gun.
  • Jon an bronca Marjê gabric.
  • Jon gives Marja a present.

LocativeEdit

It states where something or someone is, and where it comes from. It would correspond to prepositions in, onat, from and byTo decline a word in locative, an û should be added. If the word ends with a consonant, the last vowel is replaced with it. Examples:

  • Toži kind skûl sic.
  • Your child is at school.
  • Les ánreðs lû stûl syc.
  • The soups are on the table.
  • Të tekstë Arabilû sem.
  • This text is in Arabic.

InstrumentalEdit

It indicates that a noun is the instrument or means by or with which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action. To decline a word in locative, an ŷ should be added. If the word ends with a consonant, the last vowel is replaced with it. Examples:

  • Je lë livrë ŷn pŷn srajbem.
  • I write the book with a pencil.
  • Ana lŷs lentŷ vidjem.
  • Anna sees with glasses.

GenitiveEdit

It indicates that a noun is the possessor of other. To decline a word in genitive, an î should be added. If the word ends with a consonant, the last vowel is replaced with it. Examples:

  • L'apyl lî lörîr.
  • The teacher's apple.
  • Le gred lîs bîrds.
  • The birds' city.

VocabularyEdit

Noslanic vocabulary is mainly composed of Romance, Germanic and Slavic words. It also includes some Celtic, Greek, Japanese and Turkic vocabulary.

TranslationsEdit

  • The first five verses of the Bible (Les ðíanojes verš lî Biblî)

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. 3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning — the first day.

1 Comencaðû, Dews lâs nébâs ër lâ terâ dyt creater. 2 Aga, la tera formnojnje ër vojdnoja dyt ser, l'obskuritá lû superficjû lî dipþû sic, ër l'esprit Dewsî üb lûs vódûs dyt fluger. 3 Ër Dews dyt saxer, "Svet sic", ër svet dyt ser. 4 Dews vat le svet bone dyt ser dyt vidjer, ër Soj lâ svât l'obskuritù dyt separer. 5 Dews lê svêt "ðagtem" dyt njemer, ër Soj l'obskuritè "noč" dyt njemer. Ër noč ër jutrë syc — la primoja ðag.

  • The first paragraph of The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Once when I was six years old I saw a magnificent picture in a book, called True Stories from Nature, about the primeval forest. It was a picture of a boa constrictor in the act of swallowing an animal. Here is a copy of the drawing.

En vec, van je eksâ jarsâ dyt haber, j'an magnifiknâj fotografaðâ lívrû dyt vidjer, Verdadojes Tjels Lî Naturî njemt, üb le primejê forêjs. An fotografaða ð'an constríktor boa aktû ð'an animal tragjer sic. Vot sic, an kopjaða lî dibujšaðî.

LexiconsEdit

GreetingsEdit

  • haj - hello, hi
  • bona ðag - good day
  • bonë jutrë - good morning
  • bonë tardë - good afternoon
  • bono noč - good evening
  • bona šlapaða- good night (lit. good sleeping)
  • adjó - goodbye, bye
  • Vak ses-tu? - How are you?
  • Je bon sem - I'm fine
  • Vak tože njem sic? - What's your name? (lit. How is your name?)
  • Je ta ljubem - I love you
  • Je sem... - I am...
  • Vak vež sem-tu? - How old are you?
  • Je habre ... jars vež - I'm ... years old (lit. I have ... years old)
  • Tu komes os...? - Where are you from? (lit. You come from...?)
  • bonkomt - Welcome

ColoursEdit

  • kolorë - colour
  • klar - bright
  • šad - dark
  • rot - red 
  • oranž - orange
  • amarel - yellow
  • grön - green
  • turkwasë - turquoise, teal
  • blöv - blue
  • índigo - indigo
  • purprë - purple
  • lílak - lilac
  • pink - pink
  • bjelë - white
  • černë - black
  • graj - grey

FruitsEdit

  • früt - fruit
  • apyl - apple
  • tomat - tomato
  • banana - banana
  • jordböra - strawberry
  • naranxë - orange 
  • limó - lemon
  • limë - lime
  • sandia - watermelon
  • meló - melon
  • perë - pear
  • momo - peach
  • blövfrütkü - blueberry
  • rotfrütkü - raspberry
  • černfrütkü - blackberry
  • grosijer - currant
  • þerecë - cherry
  • plumë - plum

European countriesEdit

  • Únite-Königover - United Kingdom
  • Íngland - England
  • Këmry - Wales
  • Skotlynd - Scotland
  • Ejre-Nîrðs - Northern Ireland (lit. Ireland of the norths)
  • Ejre - Ireland
  • Frans - France
  • Espaňa - Spain
  • Portugal - Portugal
  • Dojčlant - Germany
  • Nederland - Netherlands
  • België - Belgium
  • Italja - Italy
  • Elaða - Greece
  • Suomi - Finland
  • Sverje - Sweden
  • Norgë - Norway
  • Danmark - Denmark
  • Rësia- Russian
  • Polska - Poland
  • Českja-Repúblika - Czech Republic
  • Majarorsag - Hungary
  • Latvija - Latvia
  • Lietuva - Lithuania
  • Esti - Estonia
  • Romynjë - Romania
  • Bëlgária - Bulgaria
  • Hërvacka - Croatia
  • Bosna-ër-Hercegóvina - Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Serbia - Serbia
  • Škipërí - Albania

TimeEdit

  • tempa - time
  • sekonda - second
  • minuta - minute
  • hor- hour
  • ðag- day
  • menzë - month
  • jar - year
  • pentjaraða - five-year period, lustrum
  • tenjaraða - decade
  • sikla - century
  • milenja - millenium
  • époka - era, time, age, period
  • pretérita - past
  • prezentë - present
  • futura - future
  • reložjo - clock
  • hentreložjo - watch
  • amanesaða - dawn, daybreak
  • jutrë - morning
  • mitðag- midday, noon
  • tardë - afternoon
  • krepúskula - twilight, crepuscule, dusk
  • noč - night
  • mitnoč - midnight
  • hiber - winter
  • e̋rax - spring
  • eté - summer
  • oþoňa - autumn, fall
  • műnðag - Monday
  • tűrðag - Tuesday
  • ódðag - Wednesday
  • þórðag - Thursday
  • frígðag - Friday
  • sáturðag - Saturday
  • sónðag - Sunday
  • janer - January
  • febrer - February
  • marce - March
  • april - April
  • maj - May
  • junë - June
  • julje - July
  • ogosta - August
  • septembrë - September
  • oktobrë - October
  • novembrë - November
  • dezembrë - December

NumbersEdit

  • prim - one
  • ðjan - two
  • trjon - three
  • tetrjon - four
  • pentjon - five
  • eksjon - six
  • septjon - seven
  • oktjon - eight
  • nonjon - nine
  • ten - ten
  • onc - eleven
  • düc - twelve
  • tentrjon - thirteen
  • vant - twenty
  • vantprim - twenty-one
  • vanþrjon - twenty-three
  • trant - thirty
  • karant - fourty
  • cinkant - fifty
  • siksant - sixty
  • sisant - seventy
  • oktant - eighty
  • nuvant - ninety
  • centa - one hundred, a hundred
  • centatentrjon - one-hundred-thirteen
  • tencenta - ten hundred
  • centacenta - one hundred hundred (100,000)
  • primiljon - one million, a million
  • ðjanmiljon - two million
  • biljon - billion
  • triljon - trillion
  • gúgol - a googol (10¹°°)

Aa Bb Cc Čč Dd Ðð Ee Ëë Ff Gg Ǧǧ Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Ňň Oo Öö Pp Rr Ss Šš Tt Þþ Uu Üü Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz Žž E̋e̋ Őő Űű Ŷŷ Ỳỳjj

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