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Name: Nuäj'imãn

Type: Agglutinative SVO

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Mixed

Number of genders: 4

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

Classification and Dialects Edit

The Nuäj'imãn /nuaʤimɐ̃n/ or Där' Nuäj'imãn /dar nuaʤimɐ̃n/, "The Language of the People", it has three dialects, Southern Mu /mu/, Eastern Lä /la/ and the Western Dyu /dju/, these are mostly intelligible with differences only some phonemes.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

There are 28 consonants in the language, some characters are written with ' to differentiate from the normal sounds. If used between vowels the ' has the sound /ʔ/

  • p b t d k g m n r' r q l f v s z x j c h s' z' x' j' l' ñ n'
  • /p b t d k g m n r ɾ ɹ l f v s z ʃ ʒ x h t͡s d͡z ʧ ʤ ʎ ɲ ŋ /
Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f v t͡s** d͡z**

s z

ʧ** ʤ*

ʃ ʒ*

x ~ ʀ h
Approximant ɹ j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l ʎ

* The Dyu dialect merges J' /ʤ/ and j /ʒ/ with Y /j/, so it becomes J' /dʲ/ and J /j/.

** The Lä dialect seperates S' /t͡s/ , Z' / d͡z/ and X' /ʧ / into non-combined sounds, S' /təs/, Z' /dəz/ and X' /təʃ/

VowelsEdit

The language has simple 4 vowels. All the vowels can be nasalized and lengthened except the schwa.

  • Normal: Ä, A, U, I;
  • Nasalized: Â, Ã, Ü, Ï;
  • Lengthened: ÄÄ, AA, UU, II;
  • Nasalized and Lengthened: ÂÂ, ÃÃ, ÜÜ, ÏÏ;

*The schwa is only used when Consonants are alone or in the Lä dialect.

The U letter can have the sound /ʷ/ in when a K is before it and another vowel is after except U.

  • In case of Kuu, it is /kuː/;
  • In case of Kuä, it is /kʷa/;
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i iː ĩ ĩː u uː ũ ũː
Near-high
High-mid
Mid ə*
Low-mid
Near-low ɐ ɐː ɐ̃ ɐ̃ː
Low a aː ã ãː

PhonotacticsEdit

The language has a very simple structure of (C)V(V)(X), the C are all the consonants, V are all the vowels, if consonant is Y it needs a vowel before or after, X are a set of Consonants [r,r',q,l,x,n',w,d,g,n,m,t,k,y]

Writing SystemEdit

*V stands for Vowel, V2 stands for all vowels except U.

**Lä Dialect sound.

*** Dyu Dialect sound.

Letter Ä A U I Â Ã Ü Ï P B T D [V*]'[V*]
Sound a ɐ u /ʷ/ i ã ɐ̃ ũ ĩ p b t d ʔ
Letter K G M N R Q R' L F V S Z KU[V2*]
Sound k g m n ɾ ɹ r l f v s z
Letter X J C H Y W S' Z' X' J' L' Ñ N' (end only)
Sound ʃ ʒ x ~ ʀ h j w /ʷ/ t͡s / təs** d͡z / dəz** ʧ / təʃ** ʤ / dʲ*** ʎ ɲ ŋ

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns can be declined by Definitiveness, Case, Number, Gender and Number, Nouns are always with a capital letter.

Definitiveness Edit

Two words classify the Noun that follows them, "Där' " for definite and "Dir' " for indefinite.

English Noun Definite Indefinite
God Guut Där' Guut Dir' Guut

Gender Edit

Normally they are Genderless, they can be either Male, Female and Other. Other is a special Gender that only occurs with Plural declension or when talking about special nouns like Guut "God" /guːt/.

  • Male: -a(if any last vowel except ä) / -ä(if last vowel ä);
  • Female: -i / -y(ending in a vowel);
  • Other: u / -w(ending in a vowel);

Number Edit

There are two declensions, one for singular and another for plural. You add "n" to the end of the gender ending, in case of Genderless you add "un", in case of Other you add "uin" if following a K and "win" if not.

  • If there is a Singular Other form then " uin' " or " win' " are used instead for the plural.
English Genderless Other G Plural O Plural Male M plural Female F Plural
Adult Män - Mänun Mänwin Mänä Mänän Mäni Mänin
Child Xik - Xikun Xikuin Xika Xikan Xiki Xikin
God Guut Guutu Guutun Guutwin' Guuta Guutan Guuti Guutin

Case Edit

The J' is used to mark "all" the cases in the language, no other words use this phoneme.

  • The Dyu dialect uses the J' here too, but pronounce it /dʲ/.
  • Main here means the various Objects/Nouns that are doing the case.
Case Affix word Disposition
Nominative (default) - - - -
Accusative Sä(Definite)

Si(Indefinite)

Sä/Si Word
Dative Xä(Definite)

Xi(Indefinite)

Xä/Xi Word
Genitive j'i Object j'i(attached) Possessor
Pertingent (in contact with) j'äk Main j'äk Object
Adessive (adjacent / near) j'äy Main j'äy Object
Intrative (between) j'un Main j'un Objects(diferent, not attached) / Objects(same, attached)
Locative(at) j'us Main j'us Location
Ablative(away from) j'ua Main j'ua Location
Allative(towards) j'är' Main j'är' Location
Subessive(under) j'ul Main j'ul Object
Supressive(on top of) j'äl Main j'äl Object
Instrumentive(with) j'ug Main j'ug Object used
Prolative(via) j'wäk

(j'ug + j'äk)

Main j'wäk Location / Object used
Limitative(until date) j'âg Main j'âg Date
  • The War (was) between the People of Mu (and) the people of Vugälä.
  • Där' Gälaymut j'un Där' Mãnj'imu Där' Mãnj'ivugälä.
  • Där'(The) Gälaymut(War: Conflit+many) j'un(between) Där' Mãnj'imu(People of Mu) Där' Mãnj'ivugälä(People of Vugälä).

VerbsEdit

Verbs can have declension by Voice, Mood, Tense, Number, Person and Aspect.

Verbs all end in the "I" vowel.

Syntax: Voice Verb+Mood+Aspect+Tense+Person and Number

Voice Edit

Passive Voice is indicated by the word "twi" meaning "be" verb or "fi" meaning "have" verb with no declension added before the verb.

Person and Number Edit

The verbs depending on the Subject can have various suffixes.

English Pronouns Subject Suffix Notes
Other Subjects - - / i In case of a consonant not permited by the Phonotactics an "i" is added.
This(Close to speaker)

That(Far from speaker)

That(Far from both)

Tihu

Tihi

Tihä

ihu

ihi

ihä

I a
You Gu ä
He Nälä älä
She Näli äli
It Näl

Nälu

äl

älu

We (Exclusive) Mua ua
We (Inclusive) ü
You Plural Gun än
They(male)

They(female)

They(genderless)

They(other)

Nälän

Nälin

Nälun

Nälwin'

älän

älin

älun

älwin'

Tense, Mood and Aspect Edit

If various moods are used a "i" is used between them "titiz'ik" Do+ Imperative + Interrogative.

Moods Suffix
Infinitive [i]r
Condicional [i]l
Indicative [i]q
Imperative [i]k
Potencial [i]l'
Interrogative [i]z'
Aspects Suffix
Preterite id
Imperfective it
Habitual ij
Tenses Suffix
Past im
Present ig
Future ir'

Example:

  • fi titiqidimü -[Object] had (been) done by [We(Inclusive)]
  • fi(had passive auxiliary) titi(do) q(Indicative Mood) id(Preterite Aspect) im(Past Tense) ü(We inclusive Subject)

AdjectivesEdit

If behind the nouns they alter the main object is not lost, Mumwä (very cold Water), if after the object it gains a new meaning Wämum(Ice).

SyntaxEdit

Sentences in this language are always SVO or VO.

  • Interrogatives are formed with the Interrogative mood of the verb.
  • Personal Pronouns can be dropped turning them VO.

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

  • (Yä) fiqiga Dir' Qäbiit. /ja fiɹigɐ dir ɹabiːt/
  • I have a rabbit.
  • Där' Sämni bämiqidim Sä Wämum. /dar samni bamiɹidim sa wamum/
  • The Sun melted the Ice.
  • Där' Wämum twi bämiqidim Sä Sämni. /dar wamum tʷi bamiɹidim sa samni/
  • The Ice was melted by the Sun.
  • Där' Sämni bämiqitig Sä Wämum. /dar samni bamiɹitig sa wamum/
  • The Sun is still melting the Ice.

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