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Okiva Erumi

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NoteEdit

This is a work in progress.

General informationEdit

GeneralEdit

Okiva Erumi means Mouth Sound.

The point of this language is to be simple. First of all, there are no gender distinctions for anything. Also, by looking at any word, you can immediately know what part of speech the word is. There are NEVER any exceptions to rules.

BackstoryEdit

This language was spoken originally on the island of Kueji but then throughout its empire and captured lands. Kueji originally spoke many languages including Kuekuji, but eventually decided to unite all of its people by making a new, easy to learn language that made sence and used the same sounds as Kuekuji.

PhonologyEdit

AlphabetEdit

adkgejmnilrzoxpvu

VowelsEdit

There are five vowels: aeiou

These are all pure vowels, no diphthongs exist in this language.

The vowels are pronounced a bit differently throughout the empire, but generally:

a: Tall ah, tounge down, closest to palm, ɑ

e: eh sound, tounge on back of bottom teeth, closest to gem, ɛ

i: ee sound, e but with back of tongue on roof of mouth, closest to sea, i

o: Very round lips and forward tone, Tongue touching back of bottom teeth, closest to goat, o

u: Really round lips with almost no space for air to pass through, closest to boot, u

ConsonantsEdit

There are 12 consonants: dkgjmnlrzxpv

All but two of these consonants are pronounced the same as in english. Those two are x and j. x is pronounced like an sh in English or ʃ. The j is a clearing of the throat, or χ in IPA.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Word ConstructionsEdit

The structure of a word tells you the part of speech of the word:

Infinitive verbs: CVCV

Conjugated Verbs: CVCVCV

Singular Nouns: VCVCV

Plural Nouns: VCVVCV

Pronouns: CVV

Conjunctions: CV

Helper Words (auxilaries): VC

Names: CVCCV

Places: CVVCV

Adjectives: CVCVV

Adverbs: VCVVC

Base Numbers: VCV

Interjections: VCCV

Question Words: CVVC

Word OrderEdit

This is a VSO language. The Verb always comes first, followed by the subject and then the object. Also, the descripted always comes before the descriptor. This means that a noun comes before its adjective and a verb comes before the adverb.

Noun PluarizationEdit

SIngular Nouns are in the form VCVCV, while plural nouns are in the form VCVVCV. The added vowel, the new fourth letter of the noun, depends on the original middle vowel.

a==>ai

e==>ei

i==>iu

o==>oi

u==>ui

Verb ConjugationEdit

Middle SyllableEdit

The verb is conjugated by adding a syllable in the form CV to the MIDDLE of the verb infinitive. For exmple, goju, meaning to eat, bacomes godeju when it is conjugated as I eat.

Conjugation ConstructionEdit

The conjugation is formed by a consonant and a vowel.

Consonant

The consonant depends on three variables: Person, Number, and Type.

Person Number Type Consonant
1 1 External d
2 1 External r
3 1 External n
1 2 External g
2 2 External l
3 2 External m
1 1 Internal p
2 1 Internal k
3 1 Internal z
1 2 Internal v
2 2 Internal j
3 2 Internal x

Vowel

The Vowel is determined by the tense. a indicates passed tense, e indincates present tense, i indicates future tense, o indicates Passive, and u indicates command.

Verb RulesEdit

TypeEdit

The type is either internal or external. An internal verb involves an action that is done to the object. This includes feeling, state of being, thought, etc. An external verb is done to an object, such as hitting, eating, seeing, etc.

Passive FormEdit

Passive form requires a helper word before it. This word could mean any of the following:

Had, used to, should, would, could, might have, have been, etc.

The passive form is signified by the letter o.

Command FormEdit

The command form is usually translated as (Pronoun) must (verb). for example, the sentence "You (s) must eat one (piece of) bread" would be "goruju dua onilo".

VocabularyEdit

There are so many words in this language, but it is still a work in progress. Once enough is worked out, some will be posted here.

NamesEdit

GeneralEdit

Names in this language are always three parts: The given name, the family name, and the clan/tribe/group name. Each one of these is in the form CVCCV.

So a full name would look like: CVCCV CVCCV CVCCV

Many common given names were those in the mythology of the people of Kueji. Despite there not being any gender in this language, some names are male and some are female.

Male Given NamesEdit

The male given names are generally taken from their mythology. Here are some of the most popular examples:

Repmu: The balancer god, has the scale of good against evil, is surrounded by lava. Part of main three deities.

Mikda: King/God of fish

Puvdo: God of Hunting

Xolgo: Evil god of War

Gumre: God of Health

Female Given NamesEdit

The female given names are also generally taken from mythology. Here are some of the most popular examples:

Devro: Queen Goddess of Good

Zendi: Sun Goddess

Jerda: Virgin Goddess of Childbirth

Kilra: Goddess of Love

Darde: Goddess of Marriage

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