| Old Badanni |
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Old Badanni is the oldest attested stage of Badanni, the ancestor of the numerous Badasi languages; it is fairly decently documented, though not quite well enough to give a detailed and in-depth overview of every feature of the language.
/pʰ p bʱ b tʰ t dʱ d ʈʰ ʈ ɖʱ ɖ kʰ k gʱ g qʰ q ʔ/ <p̄ p ḇ b ṯ t ḏ d ṯr tr ḏr dr ḵ k ḡ g q̄ q x>
/mʱ m nʱ n ɳʱ n ŋʱ ŋ ɲʱ ɲ/ <m̱ m ṉ n ṉr nr ŋ̄ ŋ ȳ y>
/f ʋ s z ʂ ʐ x ɣ ħ/ <f v s z sr zr h ḥ ħ>
/w ɻ~ɽ lʱ l j/ <w r ḻ l j>
/tsʰ ts dzʱ dz ʈʂʰ ʈʂ ɖʐʱ ɖʐ ɡɣʱ ɡɣ/ <ṯs ts ḏz dz ṯsr tsr ḏzr dzr ḡh gh>
/i i: u u: ɛ ɛ: ɔ ɔ: æ æ: ɑ ɑ: æɨ ɑɨ æu ɑu/ <i ii u uu e ee o oo ä ää a aa äi ai äu au>
Old Badanni had a peculiar and complex anomaly in its verb system — its verbs exist in two forms, based on whether they take preverbs or not. All verbs come in two pairs: one prototropic and one deuterotropic verb make up a pair. These pairs may be considered as alternating — sometimes regular, sometimes irregular or suppletive — stems, though many carry divergent semantics.
Old Badanni was a verb-initial but head-final language — this apparent contradiction seems to have come from its shift from a vaguely verb-final order as its verb system developed to the point where, to preserve its pecularities, the verb needed to be fronted before other arguments.