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Old Pelhaforan/Lexicon

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Vocabulary of Old Pelhaforan.

Lexicon Edit

  • ada
    • n . heel (body part)
  • agaxu
    • n . grandfather
  • anara
    • n . grandmother
  • ara
    • n . fire, flames
  • aros
    • n . brother, male sibling
  • ase
    • n . eye (body part)
  • aska
    • adj . angry, furious
  • asyo
    • n . name, title
  • ayok
    • n . sister, female sibling
  • azan
    • n . spear, lance
  • azen
    • n . time, period, season
  • ba
    • part . not (negative)
  • baku
    • v . want, desire
  • ban
    • conj . or
  • bar
    • n . cup, glass
  • bas
    • det . no (negatory)
  • basbyon
    • adj . unjust, wrong (from bas 'lack of' + byon 'right')
  • basbyonkat
    • n . injustice, unfairness
  • basen
    • num . zero, nothing
  • ben
    • n . piece, lump
  • beno
    • adj . heavy, weighty
  • beso
    • v . hear, listen to
  • bet
    • part . (reportative) it is said
  • bidu
    • adj . far, distant
  • bis
    • n . particle, drop, piece
  • bit
    • post . near, around, about, approximately
  • bok
    • adj . dull, blunt
  • bon
    • n . wood, lumber
  • bono
    • adj . straight, upright
  • bos
    • adj . small, tiny
  • boto
    • n . lock, latch
  • bur
    • adv . still, yet; another, additional, more, further
  • bus
    • v . rule, reign, lord over, regulate
  • bussar
    • n . lord, ruler, governor
  • bustin
    • n . government, administration (from bus 'rule' + tin 'place')
  • buswan
    • n . control, rule, regulation (from bus 'rule')
  • but
    • v . die, decease
  • butkat
    • n . death, afterlife
  • butwan
    • n . death, dying, demise, end
  • byon
    • adj . right, correct, just (related to bono 'straight')
  • byonkat
    • n . justice, righteousness (from byon 'just')
  • da
    • part . (assertive)/(topic marker)
  • daba
    • n . alcohol, wine
  • dak
    • conj . if, supposing that
  • daksyo
    • conj . though, even though, although (from dak 'if' + syo 'but')
  • damas
    • n . sun, sunlight
  • dan
    • num . two
  • dat
    • adj . lower, nether, short
  • dayo
    • n . man, male
  • dazo
    • n . foot, leg, paw
  • dema
    • n . fist, clenched hand
  • dibun
    • n . custom, habit
  • dibunnas
    • adv . usually, generally, commonly
  • digo
    • n . hook, claw, angle
  • diti
    • adj . small, little
  • dok
    • part . (frequentative and habitual aspect)
  • don
    • adj . near, close
  • dor
    • n . neck (body part)
  • dowu
    • adv . then, at that time
  • doze
    • v . shout, holler, yell
  • duk
    • part . simply, merely, just
  • dur
    • n . ox, oxen
  • dus
    • n . opposite side
  • dusa
    • v . cry, weep
  • dyan
    • v . bite, chew
  • dyo
    • num . million
  • ebi
    • v . beat, pound, drum; strike, hit
  • edun
    • n . star
  • eka
    • v . give, donate, hand
  • ena
    • v . think, ponder
  • er
    • n . flower (related to ira 'to bloom')
  • eren
    • n . sword, dagger
  • erensi
    • n . dagger, knife (from eren 'sword')
  • esar
    • n . hair (body part)
  • esu
    • n . mind, heart, spirit
  • esukes
    • v . believe in, believe, trust (from esu 'mind' + kes 'take')
  • esukeswan
    • n . faith, belief (from esukes 'believe')
  • eza
    • v . feel, sense, perceive, experience
  • ezat
    • n . feelings, emotion, mood, passions
  • fas
    • post . in, at, into
  • fassahon
    • post . among, between, at the center of (from fas 'in' + tahon 'center')
  • fassus
    • post . during, throughout, in time of
  • fatos
    • v . know, be aware of
  • fawa
    • adj . bad, unfavorable, broken, rotten
  • fawani
    • prep . in spite of, despite, notwithstanding (from fawa 'bad' + ni 'at, for')
  • fen
    • num . six
  • fer
    • adj . slow, sluggish, gradual
  • ferhas
    • adv . slowly, gradually
  • fos
    • adj . twisted, crooked, bent
  • fuka
    • adj . rotten, decayed
  • fyo
    • adj . wrong, incorrect, unjust (related to fos 'twisted')
  • gako
    • v . ask, pray, beseech
  • gan
    • n . city, town (archaic)
  • gano
    • v . speak, talk
  • gantin
    • n . city, settlement (from gan 'city' + tin 'place')
  • garnot
    • post . down, downward
  • garu
    • adj . dark, obscure, gloomy
  • gaze
    • pron . they (third-person plural pronoun)
  • ge
    • num . three
  • gen
    • adj . big, large, vast
  • gennen
    • det . most, majority of (from gen 'big' + nen 'many')
  • genruno
    • adj . loud, noisy (lit. gen 'big' + runo 'sound')
  • gin
    • v . make, create
  • ginat
    • adj . whole, entire, unbroken
  • ginatus
    • n . whole, all, entirety, total (from ginat 'whole' + tus 'all')
  • got
    • part . can, may, have permission to
  • gotten
    • adv . maybe, possibly, perhaps (from 'got' can + 'ten' be able to)
  • goza
    • n . woman, female
  • guk
    • v . eat, consume
  • guso
    • n . food, nourishment
  • gyake
    • v . want, desire, wish
  • gyan
    • n . language, speech (related to gano 'speak')
  • gyet
    • adj . old, ancient
  • hafor
    • n . land, realm, country
  • han
    • pron . you (second-person singular pronoun)
  • hapa
    • adv . now, at this time, currently
  • hasin
    • n . horse
  • hasu
    • n . form, shape (archaic)
  • hatus
    • n . god, goddess
  • hawa
    • n . light, daylight, illumination, glow
  • hazen
    • n . bird
  • hebo
    • n . heart (related to ebi 'beat')
  • hema
    • v . order, arrange, fix
  • hemat
    • n . order, arrangement, rank, row
  • hes
    • adj . thankful, grateful (back formation from hesya 'gratitude')
  • hessi
    • adj . graceful, merciful, kind, benevolent (related to heswan 'grace')
  • heswan
    • n . grace, favor, kindness (from hes 'thankful')
  • hesya
    • n . gratitude, thanks (related to eza 'to feel')
  • het
    • pron . I, me (first-person singular pronoun)
  • heta
    • adj . young
  • his
    • part . (inchoative aspect) (related to hisa, 'rise, ascend')
  • hisa
    • v . rise, ascend
  • hitos
    • n . circle
  • hobi
    • n . wrist (body part)
  • humas
    • adj . late
  • humas
    • adv . late
  • humaspamen
    • adj . young, junior (lit. humas 'late' + pamen 'be born')
  • hus
    • n . time, moment
  • hyon
    • n . uncle, parent's brother
  • ido
    • n . circle, ring
  • inyudu
    • post . not until, only when, only then (from yin 'come to' + yudu 'after')
  • inzo
    • adv . just, exactly, precisely; recently (from yin 'come to' + zo 'this')
  • ira
    • v . bloom, flower, blossom
  • irke
    • n . penis (body part)
  • is
    • clas . (classifier for humans)
  • kahin
    • n . animal
  • kan
    • adj . high, tall, loft
  • kanas
    • v . bring, carry, bear
  • kanbussar
    • n . supreme governor, great lord (from kan 'great' + bussar 'ruler')
  • kara
    • v . burn, be consumed by fire
  • karawi
    • v . burn, set fire to
  • kas
    • pron . he, she, it (third-person singular pronoun)
  • kase
    • v . cast a spell, do magic (related to kara 'burn')
  • kasesar
    • n . sorcerer, magician (from kase 'cast a spell')
  • kato
    • part . (passive marker)
  • kato
    • v . give, donate
  • kek
    • n . side, edge
  • kemi
    • adj . broken, shattered, asunder
  • ken
    • adj . true, real
  • kes
    • v . take, receive
  • kesor
    • n . finger (body part)
  • keta
    • adj . holy, sacred
  • ketu
    • n . shield, cover
  • ki
    • conj . than (comparative)
  • ki
    • part . (indicates possession)
  • kin
    • prep . with, alongside
  • kinba
    • prep . without, lacking
  • kino
    • n . work, labor
  • kir
    • n . iron, metal
  • kis
    • v . cut, slice
  • kit
    • n . human, person, man
  • ko
    • part . don't (negative imperative)
  • komi
    • n . livestock, cattle
  • kon
    • n . daughter, female child
  • kos
    • v . hate, resent
  • kot
    • adj . wide, broad
  • kubo
    • adj . hard, solid; severe, harsh
  • kubo
    • adv . harshly, hard, severely
  • kun
    • n . ear (body part)
  • kunu
    • adj . new, recent, novel
  • kunudon
    • adj . recent, late (lit. kunu 'new' + don 'close')
  • kunudon
    • adv . recently, nowadays
  • kus
    • adv . therefore, for this reason
  • kut
    • n . wall, barrier
  • kutwin
    • n . window (from kut 'wall' + win 'mouth')
  • kuwu
    • n . air
  • kyan
    • pron . you (second-person plural pronoun)
  • kyar
    • n . evening; night
  • kyat
    • n . tax, toll (from kato 'give')
  • kyema
    • n . family, clan, kin
  • kyeno
    • v . trust, believe (related to ken 'true')
  • kyenot
    • n . trust, faith (related to kyeno 'trust')
  • kyowu
    • n . shadow, shade
  • mak
    • adj . small, little
  • mar
    • n . bronze
  • mas
    • n . hand
  • mase
    • v . draw, sketch, depict
  • mater
    • adj . hot, warm
  • mazin
    • adj . wealthy, rich, prosperous, healthy
  • mer
    • post . from, out of, since
  • mik
    • num . thousand
  • mika
    • n . tiger, tigress
  • mis
    • part . (inferential) must, probably, would
  • mitto
    • num . billion (from mik 'thousand' + dyo 'million')
  • mohe
    • n . stone, rock
  • mohes
    • n . camp, company; army, host; militia; campaign (related to mos 'gather')
  • mohessar
    • n . soldier, fighter, warrior (from mohes 'camp, army')
  • mohetus
    • adj . rocky, rock, stone; strong, vigorous; permanent (mohe + tus)
  • mokus
    • n . earth, soil
  • mos
    • v . gather, collect, assemble
  • mosa
    • pron . I, me (first-person singular pronoun) (shortened mosan 'servant')
  • mosan
    • n . slave, servant, vassal
  • mosankat
    • n . employment, service, servitude
  • mosanxak
    • adj . submissive, subservient, slavish (from mosan 'servant' + xak 'like')
  • mur
    • adv . too, excessively
  • muzon
    • n . vagina (body part)
  • myan
    • n . mother
  • nadu
    • n . grandson, granddaughter, grandchild
  • nahasu
    • adv . how, in what manner
  • nahasu
    • conj . however, in what manner (lit. 'how')
  • nahus
    • adv . when, what time
  • nak
    • n . son, male child
  • nas
    • adv . only, exclusively, no more than
  • nat
    • part . (progressive aspect)
  • nazet
    • v . write, record
  • nazo
    • n . tooth, fang, tusk
  • ne
    • clas . (classifier for objects)
  • nen
    • adj . many, much, numerous
  • nese
    • n . reason, cause
  • newi
    • n . sister
  • ni
    • prep . for, to, directed at, because of, due to (indirect object marker)
  • nibo
    • n . drink, beverage
  • nikus
    • conj . so that, in order that (from ni 'for' + kus 'therefore')
  • nin
    • num . seven
  • nossaga
    • post . toward, at, for (from not 'to, at' + saga 'front')
  • not
    • post . to, at, towards, until, up to
  • nura
    • adj . healthy, sound, whole
  • nurat
    • n . health, wellbeing
  • nya
    • det . what
  • nyan
    • adv . why, for what reason
  • nyane
    • pron . what thing
  • nyanse
    • conj . because, for the reason that
  • nyas
    • pron . who, which one
  • nyat
    • n . middle, center
  • nyatin
    • adv . where
  • nyun
    • conj . so that, in order that (from ni 'for' + yun 'therefore')
  • omu
    • adj . good, ethical, virtuous, favorable
  • on
    • adv . very, much
  • otat
    • n . child, children
  • pabi
    • n . father
  • pagi
    • n . kin, kinfolk, relatives
  • pahame
    • v . beget, give birth, produce
  • pamen
    • v . be born, arise
  • pan
    • n . go, walk, leave, go away
  • pari
    • adj . old, elderly (of humans)
  • pat
    • part . can, be able to, know how to (archaic 'to know')
  • por
    • v . turn, wind, spin
  • pot
    • adj . few, a little
  • pun
    • n . toe (body part)
  • put
    • v . close, shut, lock
  • puxa
    • adj . smelly, stinky, malodorous
  • pyak
    • n . nation, people, race (related to pagi 'kin')
  • pyat
    • num . ten
  • pyat
    • v . praise, commend
  • pyos
    • n . conflict, war, quarrel, brawl (related to por 'turn, wind')
  • rahen
    • n . bear (animal)
  • rak
    • n . side, flank
  • ran
    • v . pay, reward
  • rano
    • n . reward, award, money
  • ras
    • adj . green
  • reho
    • conj . because, for the reason that
  • rek
    • n . nail (body part)
  • reme
    • adj . loose, lax
  • rikot
    • n . nail, spike, peg
  • rini
    • n . tongue (body part)
  • rit
    • adj . narrow
  • ruha
    • n . fur (of animals)
  • runo
    • n . sound, noise
  • rus
    • num . four
  • rut
    • v . be at, be located in
  • safer
    • n . bag, package
  • saga
    • n . fore, front
  • sahu
    • pron . we, us (first-person plural pronoun)
  • saksubi
    • n . ancestor, forefather (from saga 'before' + subi 'live')
  • saksyarnyat
    • n . afternoon (from sak 'after' + syar 'day' + nyat 'middle')
  • sanos
    • n . arm (body part) (related to tyano 'joint')
  • sas
    • n . box, case
  • sata
    • n . skin (body part)
  • se
    • post . by means of, using, with
  • sebek
    • adj . evil, wicked
  • sera
    • adj . white, pure, bright
  • seta
    • v . keep, maintain
  • sima
    • adj . quiet, silent, calm
  • simahas
    • adv . quietly, silently
  • sin
    • v . bend, curve
  • son
    • part . must, be required to, have to
  • sota
    • v . drink, consume
  • sotator
    • adj . drunk, intoxicated (from sota 'beverage' + tor 'full')
  • soti
    • n . copper (related to syot 'red')
  • subi
    • v . live, be alive, survive
  • subit
    • n . life, living
  • suna
    • v . write, compose, inscribe
  • sur
    • part . -self, oneself
  • suru
    • n . self, soul
  • suye
    • adj . peaceful, serene
  • suyet
    • n . peace, harmony
  • syar
    • n . day, daytime (related to sera 'bright')
  • syarnyat
    • n . noon, midday (from syar 'day' + nyat 'middle')
  • syartahon
    • n . midday, noon (from syar 'day' + tahon 'middle')
  • syat
    • adj . fast, quick, rapid
  • syathas
    • adv . quickly, fast, rapidly (adverbial form of 'syat')
  • sye
    • part . (sensory) seems, looks like
  • syo
    • conj . but, however
  • syot
    • adj . red (color)
  • syu
    • clas . (classifier for animals)
  • taha
    • part . may (optative)
  • tahon
    • n . center, middle
  • taku
    • v . measure, gauge, ascertain
  • tan
    • adj . suitable, fit, proper
  • tanu
    • v . unite, join, attach
  • tar
    • n . line, row
  • tas
    • adj . beautiful, attractive, pretty
  • taso
    • v . walk, go on foot
  • tatu
    • n . leg, thigh
  • taxa
    • n . aunt, parent's sister
  • te
    • det . that (distal)
  • teda
    • v . cover, hide
  • tegat
    • n . power, might, strength
  • tego
    • n . lord, master, sovereign
  • ten
    • part . can, be able to, could (archaic 'power, strength')
  • teni
    • v . hit, strike, beat
  • tenzyetus
    • n . function, role (from ten 'able' + zyetus 'use')
  • tenzyetussar
    • n . bureaucrat, functionary, official (from tenzyetus 'function')
  • ter
    • n . ice, frozen water
  • tet
    • v . have, possess
  • tetus
    • adv . so, in a particular manner; to a particular extent (from te 'that' + -tus)
  • tibu
    • adj . early, premature
  • tibu
    • adv . early,in advance, soon
  • tibupamen
    • adj . old, elder, senior (lit. tibu 'early' + pamen 'be born')
  • tibut
    • n . morning (related to tibu 'early')
  • tiro
    • n . water
  • tor
    • adj . full, satisfied, packed
  • tos
    • num . one
  • toskin
    • adj . mutual, common, collaborative
  • toskinnas
    • adv . together, commonly, mutually
  • towi
    • adj . black (color)
  • tus
    • det . all, every (universal)
  • tusbit
    • adv . almost, near, close to (from tus 'all' + bit 'near')
  • tut
    • num . nine
  • tya
    • adv . now, at this time
  • tyano
    • n . joint, pivot (related to tanu 'join')
  • tyaso
    • n . lion, lioness
  • tyen
    • v . fight, brawl, quarrel, combat (related to teni 'strike')
  • tyenat
    • n . fighting, quarrel, combat, war (from tyen 'fight')
  • tyet
    • v . protect, defend, guard
  • umes
    • n . night, nighttime
  • uti
    • v . work, labor; make effort
  • utikat
    • n . labor, work, effort
  • utisi
    • n . chore, job, task (from uti 'work')
  • wada
    • n . chief, ruler, lord
  • waru
    • v . lead, guide
  • wazo
    • n . ape (animal)
  • wedo
    • n . blood
  • wego
    • v . serve, attend, wait on, be subordinate to
  • wegosar
    • n . servant, attendant (from wego 'serve')
  • wegot
    • n . slavery, enslavement, servitude (from wego 'serve')
  • wemu
    • n . tree
  • wet
    • num . five
  • win
    • n . mouth (body part)
  • won
    • v . try, attempt
  • wos
    • v . throw, launch
  • wus
    • n . key (to open locks)
  • wut
    • part . should, ought to
  • xabu
    • n . sky, heaven
  • xafor
    • n . nation, state, realm
  • xak
    • conj . as, in same way that
  • xak
    • prep . such as, for example, like, as
  • xanu
    • n . cousin, relative
  • xas
    • n . head (body part)
  • xatte
    • adv . like so, as in a particular manner; to a particular extent (from xak 'like, as' + te 'that')
  • xega
    • adj . long
  • xegarak
    • post . along, lengthwise (from xega 'long' + rak 'side')
  • xegatus
    • post . throughout, all through (from xega 'long' + tus 'all')
  • xor
    • v . breathe, inhale
  • xut
    • v . (auxiliary verb)
  • xuzi
    • v . kill, murder, slay
  • yan
    • num . hundred
  • yanik
    • n . interior, inside
  • yano
    • n . money, cash, coin
  • yar
    • v . see, look, observe
  • yena
    • n . village, settlement
  • yesi
    • v . need, require
  • yet
    • v . hold, grasp
  • yin
    • v . come, arrive
  • yiru
    • n . fish
  • yoder
    • adj . short
  • yora
    • det . some (existential)
  • yudu
    • n . back, rear, behind
  • yun
    • adv . therefore, for that reason
  • yut
    • part . (perfect aspect)
  • yutsubi
    • n . descendant, offspring (from yudu 'after' + subi 'live')
  • yuttus
    • adv . again (from yut 'back' + dus 'against')
  • za
    • v . be (copula)
  • zayi
    • v . watch, observe, look
  • zazu
    • v . walk, pace, step
  • zek
    • num . eight
  • zet'eka
    • v . distribute, dispense, apportion (from zet 'out' + eka 'give')
  • zet'esukes
    • v . assign, trust with (from zet 'out' + esukes 'trust')
  • zetu
    • adv . also, too, furthermore
  • zin
    • det . other (alternative)
  • zisi
    • n . worm, serpent
  • zo
    • det . this (proximal)
  • zohasu
    • conj . then, in that case
  • zokbit
    • post . about, regarding, concerning (from zok 'on' + bit 'near')
  • zoknot
    • post . up, toward the top of
  • zoxitos
    • post . around, surrounding (from zok 'on' + hitos 'circle')
  • zu
    • conj . and
  • zuk
    • n . dog, canine
  • zut
    • adv . even (emphatic), including, as well, too
  • zyarus
    • n . face (related to yar 'look')
  • zyaye
    • v . care, be concerned about; look after (related to zayi 'watch')
  • zyayet
    • n . care, concern, attention
  • zyet
    • v . use, utilize, apply (backformation of zyetus 'use')
  • zyetus
    • n . use, utility, benefit, usefulness (related to yet 'grasp')
  • zyetwan
    • n . use, application, usage, employment (from zyet 'use')

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