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Old Shondran

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Old Shondran
martërisc
by SennomaUzanto
Date of creation 31st Juli 2015
SU-ID su-la-105
Origin
- Indo-European
-- Germanic
--- Old Shondran
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Navigation

{{{NavName}}}

Sub pages
Old Shondran/Sound Change

Old Shondran/Example Texts

Links
Dictionary (Google Docs)

Dictionary (Contionary)

ToDo-list
- Strong verbs

- Example Texts (''The Lord's Prayer'' and ''UDHR, Article 1'')


Classification and Dialects Edit

Old Shondran is a Germanic language.

PhonologyEdit

Sound change Edit

Main article: Old Shondran/Sound_Change

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Dental/

Palatal

Velar
plain labial
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative sibilant s
non-sibilant f v θ ð x ɣ
Semivowel j w
Lateral l
Trill r

Notes:

  • /n/ is [ŋ] before velar obstruents.

VowelsEdit

Monophthong
Front Back
short long short long
Close ​i​ - u
Close-mid e - -
Open-mid ​ɛ​ ɛː ɔ ɔː
Open a - -
Diphthong
ɐ̯ ɛ​̯ ɔ​̯
a - - ai̯ - au̯
ε - - εi̯ εɔ​̯ -
i iɐ̯ i​ɛ​̯ - - -
u uɐ̯ - - - -

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Declension Edit

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -as -ōs
Vocative
Accusative -a -ans
Genitive -is
Dative -ai -am
Instrumental -o

Example

ulfas (m. wolf)
Case Singular Plural
Nominative ulfas ulfōs
Vocative ulf
Accusative ulfan ulfans
Genitive ulfis ulfō
Dative ulfai ulfam
Instrumental ulfo

Pronouns Edit

Personal Pronouns Edit

Singular Dual Plural
1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
Nominative ac þū wat jot wei
Accusative mak þak onc inc ons eor
Dative/

Instrumental

mi þi onci incwi onsi
Genitive mein þein oncar incwar onsar eowar

Adjectives Edit

VerbsEdit

Weak conjugation Edit

Non-finite forms
Participle Infinitive
Present -and -an
Past -das -

Finite forms

Indicative Subjunctive Imperative
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Present 1st -um -u -īm -
2nd -ēs -ud -is -īd -id
3rd -un -īn -
Past 1st -dō -dum -du -dīm
2nd -dēs -dud -dīs -dīd
3rd -dē -dun -dī -dīn

Strong conjugation Edit

Patterns of strong verbs
Class Pattern
Present Past singular Past general Past participle
1 -ei- -ie- -i- -i-
2 a -eo- -o- -u- -o-
b -ū- -au- -u- -o-
3 a -i- -a- -u- -o-
b -e- -a- -u- -o-
4 -e- -a- -a- -o-
5 -e- -a- -a- -e-
6 -a- -ō- -ō- -a-
7 a -ie- -ie- -i- -ie-
b -au- -ua- -u- -au-
c -a- -ia- -ia- -a-
d -a- -ō- -ō- -a-
e -ō- -ō- -u- -ō-

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Google Docs

Example textEdit

Main article: Old_Shondran/Example_Texts


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