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Onnatic is a descendant of Nessëran, characterised by the continuing loss of phonemic vowel length, the reduction of close vowels, and the simplification of some consonant clusters.

PhonologyEdit

VowelsEdit

Onnatic has a system of eleven vowels. Unlike in its parent language, none of the vowels are determined phonetically by length.

Front Back
Close i y u
Near-Close ɪ ʊ
Close-Mid e
Open-Mid ɛ œ ɔ
Near-Open æ
Open ɑ ɒ

ConsonantsEdit

The Onnatic language has significantly fewer consonants than its parent language, this is because the language has lost all of its voiced fricatives, meaning that /z/ and /s/ have merged into /s/, and /f/ and /v/ have merged to /f/.

Bilabial Labio-
Dental
Alveolar Post-
Alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Ploisive p b t d k g
Fricative f s ʃ ç h
Affricate ts
Approximant j
Flap ɾ
Lateral l

Sound Changes from NessëranEdit

The phonemic vowel length found in Nessëran was lost in Onnatic, with /ɑː/ and /eː/ merging with their short counterparts. /ɶː/ was also raised to /œ/.

/jɔ/ and /jɒ/ became /iɔ/ and /iɒ/, which later both became /œ/. The same process also affected /u/, causing /ju/ to become /y/.

Characteristic of Onnatic is the reduction of the Nessëran close vowels /i/ and /u/ to /ɪ/ and /ʊ/ respectively in some occurrences, particularly in single-syllable words and before nasal consonants. For example Nessëran [dup] "down" became Onnatic [dʊp].

/ɾ/ also appears as an allophone of /t/ and /d/ between vowels. This is represented in writing by the letter <r>, as the sound also appears as a phoneme in it's own right.

Another striking feature of Onnatic when compared to it's parent language is the devoicing of fricatives. Nessëran had already devoiced /dz/, /dʒ/. /ʒ/, /ʝ/, but Onnatic went one step further and also devoiced /v/ and /z/ to /f/ and /s/ respectively.

OrthographyEdit

The language uses a modification of the Latin alphabet, with the addition of the use of the acute accent, caron, dot and umlaut diacritic marks. The letters v, w, x, y and z are not used, and are only seen in words of foreign origin.

A Á B C Č D E É F G H I Í J K L M N O Ó Ö P Q R S Š T U Ü
æ ɑ b ts d ɛ e f g h ɪ i j k l m n ɒ ɔ œ ʊ p ç ɾ s ʃ t u y

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

CasesEdit

Onnatic has an extensive noun-case system. Most of Onnatic cases are descended from it's parent language, however some are derived from collapses of Nesseran words. For example the prolative case suffix -ta is derived from the word otta meaning "road".

Case Case Suffix Example Meaning
Genitative -dán/-rán sesketfárán "of the chair"
Locative
Inessive
-ben sesketfáben "in/inside the chair"
Allative -só sesketfásó "to the chair"
Dative -pán sesketfápán "for the chair"
Illative -bensó sesketfábensó "into the chair"
Adessive -d sesketfad "near the chair"
Apudessive -da sesketfáda "next to the chair"
Subessive -üncọn sesketfüncọn "under/beneath the chair"
Superessive -ösep sesketfösep "ontop of the chair"
Intrative -sko sesketfásko "between the chairs"
Perlative -tọnas sesketfátọnas "through the chair"
Prolative -ta sesketfáta "via the chair"
Antessive -prašete šáda sinelprašete "before seven o'clock"
Temporal -gon šáda sinelgon "at seven o'clock"
Instrumental
Comitative
-féq sesketfáféq "with the chair"
Privative -né sesketfáné "without the chair"
Distributive -šemp sesketfášemp "per chair"
Equative keluš sesketfákeluš "like the chair"

ArticlesEdit

There are two articles in Onnatic, indefinite and definite. These are added as suffixes to the noun they are modifying. The indefinite article is -lé, and the definite article is -fá. They can be coupled with the plural suffix -n, as in the following table:

Basic Indefinite Definite
Singular
Definite
Plural
öm ömlé ömfá ömenfá
irše iršelé iršefá iršenfá

NumberEdit

There are two numbers in Onnatic, singular and plural. The plural is indicated by adding the suffix -n or -en to the noun. For example sesket (chair) to sesketen (chairs).

PosessionEdit

Possession is indicated by a suffix added to the end of a noun. For example, in the following table, using the noun "irše" meaning "pear":

Suffix Result Meaning
-an iršean my pear
-ad iršead your pear (referring to one person)
-as iršeas your pear (referring to several people)
-esá iršeaf his/her pear
-ọnd iršeọnd their pear
-oq iršeoq it's pear

AdjectivesEdit

Suffixes are added in Onnatic to indicate intensity and comparison.

Suffix Result Meaning
- korád hot
-reg/-leg korádleg hotter
-regenér/-legenér korádlegenér hottest
-rór/-tór korádtór very hot
-nas korádnas not hot


DictionaryEdit

Onnatic Dictionary

Example textEdit

Onnatic Nessëran Pasanian English
Onéren corel arurinár krunséral enelí eše desten hidnesben eše karatesen. Arurinár mosóral üntevárveq eše konséresveq tolte prog sel váressko feldeslében fenlačdán. Ţotel sonden krunalatu enely desteneşe hidnesben kallateseneşe. Vääratu mossòral junteväärveq konsëreseşe progtolte sel koţnòr ennòsun feldesleiben fenlaçdän. Sotel sondane crunaltue libresben dignitas'e idnesben calatesen'e. Väneatue mossoral yuntevävecca consëres'e proctolte cella cossnor ennosune lea espirituvecca fenlachdona. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

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