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Orkot
orkot
Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
1
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Out of date. For actual version, visit Orkoto.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Coronal Dorsal
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ɸ β /f v/ s z x ɣ /x q/
Nasal m n ŋ /h/
Lateral Approximant l
Approximant / Semi-vowel w ɹ ~ r /r/ j

Vowels

Vowels are as in Spanish:

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e̞ /e/ o̞ /o/
Open a

AlphabetEdit

a e i o u p b f v m w t d s z n l r k g x q h j

With latin alphabet order: a b d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s t u w x

a e i o u p b f v m w t d s z n l r k g x q h j
a i u p b ɸ β m w t d s z n l r k g x ɣ ŋ j

5 vowels, 6 plosives, 6 fricatives, 3 nasals, 1 lateral, 3 semi-vowels; 24 in total

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllable structures is VC(C). The 2 consonats must be both labial, coral or dorsal, except for the lateral approximant /l/. The secuence of two consonants must be in this order: semi-vowel - lateral - nasal - fricative - plosive. (Plosives can not precede other consonants.) If secuence is fricative-plosive, they must be two voiced consonants or two voiceless consonants.

Posible consonant secueces:

Secuence Labial Coronal Dorsal
fricative - plosive fp vb st zd xk qg
nasal - plosive/fricative mp mb mf mv nt nd ns nz hk hg hx hq
lateral - plosive/fricative/nasal lp lb lf lv lm lt ld ls lz ln lk lg lx lq lh
semi-vowel - other wp wb wf wv wm wl rt rd rs rz rn rl jk jg jx jq jh jl

GrammarEdit

Word order is OVS. There are five particles: <as, es, is, os, us>, used as suffixes indicating case:

  • as (dative): used for the indirect-object
  • es (accusative): used for the direct-object
  • is: used for the verb
  • os (nominative): used for the subject
  • us (genitive): used for adjetives and adverbs, or descriptions of other words

TenseEdit

Tense is made placing the subject in the time and saying if the accion is being done, is already done or will be done.

Time is expressed as an with words <endint> "past", <inint> "present", <egint> "future".

To say something is already done the <end> "ended" particle is used, for something willing to be, <eg> "comming" particle is used.

  • fight: arg
  • I: im
Time Already done Being done Will be done
none endargis imos, I fighted argis imos, I fight egargis imos, I'll fight
Past endargis endintus imos, I have fighted argis endintus imos, I was fighting egargis endintus imos, I was going to fight
Present endargis inintus imos, I fighted argis inintus imos, I'm fighting egargis inintus imos, I'm going to fight
Future endargis egintus imos, I would fighted argis endargis imos, I'll be fighting egargis egintus imos, I'll fight

To make an imperative sentence, add <ejk> to the end: "ondofis idos, you are going home", "ondofis idos ejk, go home".

PronounsEdit

Pronouns are formed from the words <im> "I", <id> "you" and <ir> "he/she/it". To express singular or plural, quantity words <un> "one", <od> "two", <ut> "many", <el> "all" are used. If plurality can be not expressed.

singular plurals
1st person (who is talking)

im "I"

unim "I"

im "we (exclusive)"

imid "we (inclusive)"


imidir "we (all)"

2do person (who is hearing)

id "you"

unid "thou"

id "you (exclusive)"

idir "you (inclusive)"

3rd person (who is talked about)

ir "he/she/it"

unir "he/she/it"

ir "they"

VocabularyEdit

English Orkot
good owd
bad olk
language ot
bad language / Orkot olkot


No. English Orkik
1Iim
2you (singular)id
3heir
4weutim
5you (plural)utid
6theyutir
7thisin
8thatind
9hereinon
10thereindon
11whoewman
12whatewmoh
13whereewmon
14whenewmint
15howewmap
16notal
17allel
18manyut
19someoh
20fewil
21otherant
22oneun
23twout
24threeunut
25fourur
26fiveunur
27bigol
28longajhol
29wideilbol
30thickepol
31heavyiwkol
32smallil
33shortajhil
34narrowilbil
35thinipil
36womanerm
37man (adult male)ejm
38man (human being)an
39childilan
40wifeerman
41husbandejman
42motherermamp
43fatherejmamp
44animalalm
45fishalg
46birdox
47dogowdalm
48louseorkip
49snakeexk
50wormip
51treearb
52forestutarb
53stickajh
54fruitilk
55seedarbil
56leafarbilb
57rootarbewt
58barkarbasd
59flowerestarb
60grassamarb
61ropeojlajh
62skinalmasd
63meatalmelk
64bloodajralmawx
65bonealmefp
66fat
67eggampep
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

English Orkot
Orkot is a bad language. olkotis olkotos
Healthy mind in healthy body. owdelkes onis owdelkus ajsos
Life is what happens while you are busy making other plans. elides apalbis idos as ewkis elidos

Lord's Prayer (ewsanos ewsotos):

ohgewsonis arimus ampos ejk
ewsis idejnos
inofis idamos ejk
idujses albis amonus ohgewsonus anos ejk
inorintus ohkes arimofus owsis idos ejk
imolkalbes ewkis idos ejk
antanus olkalbes ambewkis imos
imes olkofus anawlis idos ejk
owdes ewles ames ownis elintidos.
onis inos

Tower of Babel (olkotus afpondos):

astunus otes ambejnes ehkis endintus elos
awfintamus alenames ajsegis oropofus anos
indonus ekegis anos
ondiwkes elsis albis utimos ejk ines otis anos
ewsifus efpondes ondes albis utimos ejk ines otis anos
ambamus egis awlegis utimos ejk ines otis anos
analbus efpondes ondes indis undofis ewsanos
ambamis ambotis as eles albehis anos ines otis ewsanos
irotes olkegis utimos as antanus otes alajsis anos
irondes alalbis antamofis anos
inas arokotus ejnis inus afpondos

only-one-ADJ speech-OBJ same-name-OBJ have-VRB past-ADJ all-SBJ
rain-land-ADJ plain-land-OBJ learn-VRB Sun-side-to-ADJ people-SBJ

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