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Orkoto

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Orkan Language
Orkoto
Type
Agglutinant
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Orkoto is an artlang that evolved from an older artlang of mine. The Orkoto language (Orkan for "evil" <ork> plus "speak" <ot>) was a laguage I invented not to be easy to pronounce, nor to read, nor to hear good. (If it is so, it was not intentional.) I just wanted to make an agglutinat conlang (for ease of vocabulary) and wanted it to be VCVC rather than the common CVCV. I wanted its grammar and phonology regular.

Its called "evil language" against Toki Pona. Orkot is contrary to Toki Pona.

I may use it as a fictional language in a future project, maybe in a video game.

PhonologyEdit

Orkan phonology is somehow structured and regular. The sounds are based on -in alphabetic order- English, Finnish and some of my favorites words. The phonology wasn't intented to sound good but evolved in something that is pleassure to me.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Velar
Nasal m n ñ /ŋ/
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z h q /x ɣ/
Affricate (pf bv) (ts dz) (kx gɣ)
Approximant w r j
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e <e̞> o <o̞>
Open ä <æ> a <ɑ>

AlphabetEdit

Orkot is written in three alphabets:
Tengwar-sounds

Orkoto Tengwar Sounds

Tengwar-cluster

Orkoto Tengwar Clusters

Tengwar-bicluster

Orkoto Tengwar Biclusters

  • Latin alphabet: "a b d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p r s t u v w z"
  • Orkan-Tengwar alphabet
  • Orkan alphabet

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllable structure is V(C(C)), where V is a vowel and C is a consonant.

Syllables of the form V are grammatical, leaving only roots of the form VC(C).

Consonant clusters:Edit

Consonant cluster can be two consonants of the same articulation or an alveolar consonant and another one.

The next tables shows all consonat clusters.

  • F a fricative
  • P a plosive
  • N a nasal
  • W an approximant
  • L the latteral approximant
  • X any consonant
Labial + Labial Alveolar + Alveolar Velar + Velar
FP fp vb st zd hk qg
PF pf bv ts dz kh gq

NX

mp mb mf mv

nt nd ns nz

ñk ñg ñh ñq

WX

wp wb wf wv wm

rt rd rs rz rn

jk jg jh jq jñ

LX lp lb lf lv lm lt ld ls lz ln lk lg lh lq lñ
WL wl rl

jl

Labial + Alveolar Alveola + Labial Alveolar + Velar Velar + Alveolar
FP sp zb ft vd ht qd sk zg
PF ps bz tf dv th dq ks gz
WX

rp rb rf rv rm

wt wd ws wz wn jt jd js jz jn rk rg rh rq rñ

GrammarEdit

Orkoto basic strucuter is OVS. There are 5 ways a word can take significanse:

Function Affix
modifier (adjetive/adverb) -u
subject -o
object -e
verb -a
grammatical use -i

Every word must have one of the five affixes, or must be used as an suffix for other word.

Complete sentence structure:

Mod-u Obj-e Mod-u Vrb-a Mod-u Sbj-o (Grm-i)

Example:

.idu owdalfe utu añka imu owdalfo.
My dog bytes a lot your dog.

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


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