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Pøplish

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Pøplish
The language of the people with the expressive name
Type
Analytic / Isolating
Alignment
Nominative–accusative

/ Direct

Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

SettingEdit

Pøplish is language spoken by a poor tribe which is ruled by a despotic queen. There is a myth that the language was ordered by the queen and designed by the ancient ministry of language. The Pøplish people are very polite in a strange way. They respect each others and strangers, but they do not hesitate to give orders to strangers and beloved ones. In adition they like to sing and dance, to play games and to listen to music. Some might see a childish nuance in this, but their earnestness is rather fascinating.

Recent sound changesEdit

There were some recent sound changes which reduced the phonetic inventory of the language.

  • ä [ɛ] -> e [ɛ] ; e.g. jä -> je
  • e [e] -> e [ɛ] ;
  • w [ʋ] -> v [v] ; e.g. wo -> vo

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m [m] n [n]
Plosive p [p] b [b] t [t] d [d] k [k] g [g] [ʔ]
Fricative f [f] v [v] s [s] s [z] sh [ʃ] h [h]
Affricate ts [ts] tsh [tʃ] x [ks]
Approximant j [j]
Trill r [r]
Lateral app. l [l]

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i [i] y [y] u [u]
Close-mid ø [ø]
Open-mid e [ɛ] o [ɔ]
Open a [a]

DipthongsEdit

ao [ɑo̯]
oy [ɔʏ̯]

Syllabic ConsonantsEdit

[l] and [r] can act as Vowels in some situations.

AlphabetEdit

AB(C)DEFGHIJKLMNOØP(Q)RSTUV(W)XY(Z) ab(c)dfghijklmnoøp(q)rstuv(w)xy(z)

All letters are pronounced according to their IPA equivalents except for:

x [ks]; e [ɛ], o [ɔ], s [z]/[s]

The glottal stop [ʔ] is not written, but automatically pronounced before a word beginning with a vowel.

C, Q, W, Z are used only for foreign names.

Digraphs and Trigraphs:Edit

ts [ts], tsh [tʃ], ao [ɑo̯], oy [ɔʏ̯]

PhonotacticsEdit

C: Any Consonant except for [l], [r], [v], [n] or [m]

W: Vowel or Diphthong

V: Vowel, [r̩] or [l̩]

L: [l], [r] or [v]

G: [l], [r], [v], [n] or [m]

(C)(L)W(G)(C)(V)(C)

So there are possibilities like:

CLWGCWC, CWCV, CLWC, WCVC, CW, WC, CWNP, CWCVC

but never:

WGCC, or CLWGCC

GrammarEdit

Pøplish grammar is very analytic, although some compunds exist.

VerbsEdit

TensesEdit

Verbs are not conjugated in the "normal" way. Particles indicate the tenses:

"je" - past; e.g. "Ne je nol. " means: "I went. "

"jo" - present; e.g. "Alar jo tosh. " means: "The king sings"

"vo" - future; e.g. "Ak vo gram (ta ne). " means: "You will thank (me). "

The use of this particles is not mandatory.

MoodEdit

A polite imperative mood is formed using reduplication:

"Nol-nol" means: "Please, go away" or "Good bye"

Some forms are slightly irregular; e.g.:

"gram" - to thank -> "gram-"gram" - I thank you.

"klun" - to be sorry -> "klun-klun" - I am sorry.

NegationEdit

A verbs meaning is changed from positive to negative by inserting the particle "tship", e.g.:

"Ne fush ta ak" means: "I understand you"

"Ne tship fush ta ak" means: I don't understand you"

VoiceEdit

A possible substitution for the passive voice is formed with the 3rd person singular personal pronoun "trosh".

"Trosh je trao ta ne. " means: "I was found. " (lit: "He/She/It found me. ")

NounsEdit

Nouns are not declined.

NumerusEdit

If necessary the plural can be indicated by the particle "suk", eg:

"alar suk" means: "The kings"

SexusEdit

If necessary the sexus can be indicated by the following particles.

"ma" - feminime; e.g. "ma alar" means: "the queen"

"pa" - masculine; e.g. "pa Alar" means:"the (male) king"

CasesEdit

The object can be indicated by the particle "ta" meaning "to". e.g.

"Ne gram ta ak. " means: "I thank you. "

"Ne tship fush ta ak" means: "I don't understand you"

The genitive or possesive case can be indicated by the particle "fad" meaning "of" e.g.

"Ma alar fad ne. " meand " My queen" (lit: "The queen of me. ")

Compound nounsEdit

Phonotacticly compunds are treated as three separate words. Pöplish uses two kinds of compunds:

Compounds of the first kindEdit

These compounds are formed by the following scheme:

Agent/Verb - "ta" - Patient/Object; e.g.:

"Rø-ta-trale" means "Barbeque" (lit: Fire-to-meat.)

Compounds of the second kindEdit

These compound are much less used and formed by the following scheme:

"Noun - "fad" - Attribut"; e.g.

"Pøpl-fad-alar" means "The kings people"

PronounsEdit

Pöplish pronouns are rarely used. Repetition is found much more often.

Personal pronounsEdit

Personal Pronouns
Pronoun (english) Pronoun (pøplish)
I ne
you ak
he/she/it trosh
we nuk
you kuk
they

truk

Adjectives and AdverbsEdit

There are only very few Adjectives and Adverbs in Pøplish. An Adjective can change to an Adverb by changing it's position. Adjectives stand in front of the noun they modify, Adverbs always appear at the end of the sentence.

SyntaxEdit

The Pøplish syntax is vey strict: SV(dOiO). Adverbial modifiers always go at the end of the sentence.

Infinitive ClausesEdit

There are two kinds of infinitive clauses. The direct one, e.g.:

"Ne raut tosh. " means "I want to sing" (lit: "I want sing. ")

and the indirect one, marked with "ta" e.g.:

"Ak je var ta shlipa. " means "You came to speak" (lit: "You was come to speak. ")

There is a slight difference in meaning. A direct infinitive clause does not state any specific relation between the verbs. An indirect infinitive clause states that the second verb is the purpose of the first verb.

VocabularyEdit

Swadesh ListEdit


No. English Pøplish
1Ine
2you (singular)ak
3hetrosh
4wenuk
5you (plural)kuk
6theytruk
7thised
8thata lid
9herevaos
10therea
11whooike
12whatkuts
13whereore
14whenaoke
15howaoki
16nottship
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22onejats
23twotup
24threejet
25fourbet
26fivevaf
27bigboyl
28longga
29widelush
30thickdrog
31heavygish
32smallbak
33shorttsosh
34narrowao
35thinpe
36womanma osh
37man (adult male)pa osh
38man (human being)osh
39childklatshof
40wifema sas
41husbandpa sas
42motherma laon
43fatherpa laon
44animalrat
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meattrale
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80foottsip
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knownib
104thinkkig
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walknol
122comevar
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140saygard
141singtosh
142playsan
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fire
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185gooddot
186badshvob
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atdent
202indent
203withContionary_Wiki
204andtis
205ifal
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207namerob


Additional VocabularyEdit

nation pøpl
..., please! Fur-fur
to beg, to request fur
Thank you! Gram-gram
to thank gram
You're welcome! Hem-hem
to accept one's thanks hem
Excuse me! Jy-jy
to forgive jy
Sorry! Klun-klun
to be sorry klun
that over there a lid
king, leader Alar
yes shø
no va
Good day!, Hello! Abu-abu
to greet abu
to be ex
My name is... Rob ex ....
I am ... Ne ex ....
Good bye! Nol-nol
to leave, to go nol
I don't understand. Ne thsip fush.
I don't understand you. Ne thsip fush ta ak.
understand fush
I don't know. Ne thsip nib.
know nib
Cheers! Kep-kep
to raise glasses kep
cool, fantastic morp
I think ne kig
against kors
to play against someone san kors trosh
to give dobi
room boshi
to ta
during, while, when tum
evening, night resid
afternoon gufip
barbeque rø-ta-trale
football, soccer tsip-ta-kruf
foot tsip
ball, sphere kruf
karaoke tosh-ta-mao
to sing tosh
friend mao
to want raut
number, count klas
to speak shlipa
equal, same vøk
the east enoy
eastwards ta enoy
to find trao
flat, thin pe
land, country, landscape plek
to settle, to live, to dwell bola
Let's go! Var-var!

Example textEdit

Beginning of the Babel TextEdit

Pøpl suk je shlipa vøk.
Tum truk je var ta enoy, truk je trao ta pe plek dent plek "Shinear" tis truk je bola dent trosh.
Truk shlipa ta truk: "Var-var,

Once all people spoke equally.
When they came to the East, they found a flat landscape in the country "Shinear" and they settled down there.
They spoke to each other:"Let's go ....

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