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Pûča

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Late Pyshk
Häka Pûča
Type
Indo-European
Alignment
SOV
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Late Pyshk or Häka Pûča is an Indo-European language of the general Satem branch. Bearing many similarities to Indo-Iranian languages, Late Pyshk sits in the Caspian family of languages, being for now its only member.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d c k g
Fricative s z x h
Affricate t͡ʃ
Approximant w ʍ
Trill r
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i ʉ u
Mid e (ə) o
Open æ ä ɔ

AlphabetEdit

The latin orthography is as follows:

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ñ
Plosive p b t d c k g
Fricative s z x h
Affricate č
Approximant w~f wh
Trill r
Lateral app. l
Front Central Back
Close i â u
Mid e a o
Open ä á â

There are some additional archaisms present in the orthography for the sake of being consistent to the original script of the language.

Vowels carry an accent to show stress.


PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns Edit

There are declined by grammatical gender, number and case.

The three genders are masculine, feminine and neuter. The only important thing to note here is that the neuter plural dinates some sort of indefinity or generalness to the word.

Numbers are singlular and plural.

The cases are:

Nominative: Subjects attributives.

Accusative: Objects, donates a movement or partaining when coupled with prepositions.

Genetive: Shows possession, source and many other adverbial forms.

Ablative: the default adverbial case, usually accompanied by a preposition.

Declensions Edit

There are 5 declensions that differentiate between stressed morphemes and unstressed morphemes.

1st Declension

Singular Plural
NOM arwá arwás
ACC arwá arwás
GEN arwás arwúm
ABL arwá arwán
Singular Plural
NOM kéra kéras
ACC kéra kéran
GEN kéras kérû
ABL kéra kéran

2nd Declension

Singular Plural
NOM farä faró
ACC farä farón
GEN faróx farúm
ABL faró farón
Singular Plural
NOM nága náge
ACC nágâ nágân
GEN nágax nágû
ABL náge nágân
Singular Plural
NOM käta käte
ACC kädâ kädân
GEN kätax kädû
ABL käte kädân
Singular Plural
NOM awâu awâi
ACC awâu awâun
GEN awâx awâû
ABL awâi awâun
Singular Plural
NOM waryä waryá
ACC waryä waryá
GEN waryóx waryúm
ABL waryó waryón
Singular Plural
NOM médwâ méda
ACC médwâ méda
GEN médax médû
ABL méde médân

3rd Declension

Singular Plural
NOM hälč häldés
ACC häldä häldán
GEN häldäs häldúm
ABL häldé häldón
Singular Plural
NOM dór dóras
ACC dórâ dórân
GEN dóras dórû
ABL dóre dórâz
Singular Plural
NOM lék lékas
ACC légâ

légân

GEN lékas légû
ABL léke légâz
Singular Plural
NOM pónč pâdés
ACC pâdä pâdán
GEN pâdäs pâdúm
ABL pâdé pâdón

4th Declension

Singular Plural
NOM mâtí mâté
ACC mâtí mâtín
GEN mâtíx mâtím
ABL mâté mâtín
Singular Plural
NOM äwda äwde
ACC äwdê awdên
GEN äwdax äwdû
ABL äwde äwdên

5th Declension

Singular Plural
NOM
ACC
GEN gúm
ABL gón
Singular Plural
NOM óčo óča
ACC óčo óča
GEN óča ósdu
ABL óče ósdâz
Singular Plural
NOM lák láka
ACC lák láka
GEN láka lágû
ABL láke lágâz

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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