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Paklikale, Paklikalepla
Head direction
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Paklikale is an international auxiliary language created by Peter Crisci in 2007 as a way to explore the belief that languages should ideally strive to be consistent, neutral, and simple.

The name Paklikale translates to "universal language," and its logo is formed by the superposition of the Pakilkale characters of P and K.

Phonology and OrthographyEdit

The following sounds occur in Paklikale:

Phoneme Romanization
/a/ a
/b/ b
/e/ e
/f/ f
/i/ i
/j/ j
/k/ k
/l/ l
/m/ m
/n/ n
/o/ o
/p/ p
/t͡s/ s
/t/ t

[ɔ] also exists in Paklikale and is written as "o" but only appears as part of "oj."

The language also has a native script, with symbols grouped by manner of articulation, and an original system of punctuation.

Morphological DerivationEdit

Paklikale relies heavily on compounds to form words. The basic affixes are:

Affix Meaning
no- conveys a root’s opposite meaning
bo- indicates "one who"
fo- indicates "something that"
jo- augmentative
-kjo adverb or adverb clause
-klo adjective or adjective clause
ko- diminutive
lo- moderates the meaning of a word
mo- negative
-pla noun or noun clause
-plal dative
-plan accusative
po- feminine
-sli indicative mood
-smi interrogative mood
-sni imperative mood
so- masculine

Specialized sets of morphemes are likewise used to form many correlatives and other adverbs and prepositions.

The Paklikale dictionary includes 4,500+ words as of May 2015.


Paklikale employs a subject-verb-object word order by default, with adjectives generally appearing before nouns, but as most words' part of speech is denoted by their suffix, terms may be moved ahead in a sentence to emphasize them.

Nouns in Paklikale have gender; however, it is only inflected with pronouns. The "material" denotes terms that are tangible to human beings, while the "ethereal" denotes those that are intangible.

Many subordinate clauses may be indicated by adding an adjective suffix to the verb, rather than using a relative pronoun.

Paklikale has no copula but uses verbs such as "to exist" and "to equal" to take on the same role.

The language has two forms of the conjunction "and," "a" and "o," the latter of which is used to join items in a series that act in the series as one unit. For example, in the phrase "Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and Aruba," Paklikale would use "o" for the first "and."

Paklikale has a small number of standardized interjections derived from classifying the feelings and ideas interjections generally express.


Paklikale English
bi zero
fi one
ji two
ki three
li four
me five
ni six
pe seven
si eight
ti nine
klakli ten
klafa hundred
loklafi thousand
klafi ten thousand
joklafi hundred thousand
loklaflo million

Example – The Lord's PrayerEdit

Somama as lala jasokjo flesliklo
kasmoklo slasli kaslopla as ma,
sobojeslotolapla as ma snoplosni,
jotisipla as ma smasni kan,
fla klosapla ple blam jasopla.
Of kalikjo lalal sablisni kaliko plajaplan as la.
A majonokepasli lalal nokojesmaplan as la
ple lala majonokepasli nanan nokojesmasliklo lal.
A mo jesasni lalan smabajotisiplal
ja bepjasni lalan it nojoblapla.

External LinkEdit

Paklikale website

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