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Persiran

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Progress 70%
Persiran
Persirija
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Persiran (natively Persirija) is a language that is spoken in the fictional country of Persirus. The language has a slightly slavic sound, but its words mostly are derived from French.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ h
Affricate
Approximant j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid o
Mid
Open-mid ɛ
Near-open ɐ
Open

AlphabetEdit

      Letter       Pronunciation
Aa / Аа /ɐ/
Ja ja / Яя /jɐ/
Bb / Бб /b/
Čč / Чч /tʃ/
Cc / Цц /ts/
Dd / Дд /d/
Ee / Ee /ɛ/
Je je / Йe йe /jɛ/
Ff / Фф /f/
Gg / Гг /g/
Hh / Xx /h/
Ii / Ии /i/
Jj / Йй /j/
Kk / Кк /k/
Ll / Лл /l/
Mm / Мм /m/
Nn / Нн /n/
Oo / Oo /o/
Ëë / Ëë /jo/
Pp / Пп /p/
Rr / Pp /r/
Ss / Cc /s/
Šš / Шш /ʃ/
Tt / Тт /t/
Uu / Уу /u/
Ju ju / Юю /ju/
Vv / Bв /v/
Yy / Ыы /ɪ/
Zz / Зз /z/
Žž / Жж /ʒ/

PhonotacticsEdit

There aren't any official rules regarding consonant clusters. Very common ones include: "sk", "st", "šk", "vr", "tr", etc.. For vowels, no two vowels can be next to eachother without a "j" between them. Exception: is the use of "o" as a "w" sound and a vowel followed by "ë".

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes No No Yes Yes
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Declensions
If the noun ends in a:         Vowel            Consonant   
Subject - -
Direct Object -u -u-cons
Indirect Object 1 (to...) o(j)+ o(j)+
Indirect Object 2 (from...) d(')+ d(')+
Preposition +t -ë-cons
Plural +(y)š +(y)š
None (0) +(e)hal +(e)hal

Examples:

  • "tansa" would become:
    • tansu
    • otansa
    • d'tansa
    • tansat
    • tansaš
    • tansahal
  • "eku" would become:
    • eku
    • ojeku
    • deku
    • ekut
    • ekuš
    • ekuhal
  • "abskent" would become:
    • abskunt
    • ojabskent
    • dabskent
    • abskënt
    • abskenč
    • abskentehal
  • "fil" would become:
    • ful
    • ofil
    • d'fil
    • fël
    • filš
    • filehal


VerbsEdit

Conjugations
Present
A (I) -er No (we) -etje
Vo (you s.) -em Žo (you pl.) -emve
Oli/Ola/Olo (he/she/it) -eje Ler/Lor (they) -esk
Past
A (I) -or No (we) -otje
Vo (you s.) -om Žo (you pl.) -omve
Oli/Ola/Olo (he/she/it) -oje Ler/Lor (they) -osk
Future
(I) -ar No (we) -atje
Vo (you s.) -am Žo (you pl.) -amve
Oli/Ola/Olo (he/she/it) -aje Ler/Lor (they) -ask
Add the following to the end of the verb in order:
Voice
Active     -    
Middle     +(o)st   
Passive     +(o)č    
Aspect
Continuous +a
Habitual +eš
Iterative +yk

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

Excerpt from an old Persiran poem "Svira Mazel" translated into modern Persiran:

  • Printje emeržoje et fil pjeta avec ševješ ora v'astijosk danškoje massa don šovëm greta. Viski-vi, ola vloje vom jaškot. Olaëv sju etroje rje de solejt et ola riëje avec mënt sofija d'atjav, relaška tusk oj askju sviruš massa tru d printeëv sënt. Šok ovojej olaëv adzornmintuv, dečira ov ševuš brija.

    • ​Spring arrived and a little girl with gold hair that shined danced beautifully in a grassy field. All around, she flew like a bird. Her tail was a ray of sunlight and she laughed with a great amount of happiness, releasing suddenly very beautiful flowers of spring's glow. Each became her adornment, decorating her shiny hair.

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