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Phizgikuz

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Furmeyre
Fizjikuz
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Masculine and Feminine, only used for personal pronouns
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k g
Fricative ɸ β f θ ð s z ç ʝ x ɣ
Affricate
Approximant ɹ
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l ʎ
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y u
Near-close
Close-mid e
Mid
Open-mid ɔ
Near-open
Open ɑ

AlphabetEdit

Furmeyre uses an alphabet constructed by many of the Furmekin scholars. However, we use a Latin transliteration.

a=[ɑ]

b=[b]unless in between to vowels or with a z, in which case [β]

d=[d] when with a another voiced consonant, otherwise [d̪], and in between vowels use [ð]

e=[e] f=[f] used only in front of a,e,i and y

g=[g] unless in between two vowels or before or after a z, in which case it is [ɣ]. Never used before e,i or y

h=[hʲ] only in front of e, i and y

i=[i], [j] at the end of a diphthong or between two other vowels

j=[ʝ] only ever used in front of e,i and y

k=[k] unless in front of e,i or y in which case its [c]

kh=[x] only used in front of a,o and u

l=[l] only used in fornt of a,o and u

lh=[ʎ] only used in fornt of e,i and y

m=[m]

n=[n]

ng=[ŋ]

o=[ɔ]

p=[p] unless in front of u or o, in which case [pʷ]

ph=[ɸ] onlu used in front of o and u

r=[ɹ]

s=[s] unless before e,i or y, in which case [ɕ]

t=[t]

th=[θ]

u=[u] except for in diphthongs and separating vowels, were we say [w]

x=[ç] only used in front of e,i and y

y=[y]

z=[z] unless before e,i or y, in which case [ʑ]

Whenever s comes in contact with a voiced consonant, it is written and pronounced as z. When z comes in contact with an unvoiced consonant it changes it to a voiced plosive.

PhonotacticsEdit

Only in foreign words do words begin with a consonant cluster. All consonant clusters are voiced, such as [zd], [zg]. In combining words, when a voiced and unvoiced consonant are combined, they will always revert to the voiced form.

Diphthongs can end in either [i] or [u]. [i] and [u] are never diphthongs, they will always revert to [y].

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Adverb No No Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No



NounsEdit

Nouns are declined by case

Nouns derived from Proto-Indo-European decline like this: Declension of the noun khauzduz, (bone)

Singular Plural
Nominative khauzduz khauzdoz
Accusative khauzdung khauzdus
Genitive khauzdaz khauzding
Ablative khauzdiz khauzdunguz
Dative khauzdai khauzdubz
Instrumental khauzdakh khauzdabz

PIE derived verbs often ablaut, like nauz,neuz (shade) phudz,fetoz (kick) lhionguz,lhinoz (water) auduz,itangoz (liquid) tajiuz,jimakhoz (soil) mathuz,muthakhoz (conscience) jyzduz,guzdoz (flavor) thauz,adzoz (wood)

Nouns derived from Quenya decline like this: Declension of xezio (ship) endings in -o,u,y,e,i

Singular Plural
Nominative xezio xezioz
Accusative xezy(iu) xezioz
Genitive xezi xeziorung
Ablative xezioru xeziorung
Dative xeziong xez(i)ing
Instrumental xezionang xezionoz

Declension of losa (leaf) endings in -a

Singular Plural
Nominative losa lose
Accusative lose lose
Genitive losau losang
Ablative losaru losarung
Dative losang loseng
Instrumental losanang loseneng
Declension of naz (king) endings in -a consonant (n.b. -z stems generally revert to r)
Singular Plural
Nominative naz nare
Accusative naz nare
Genitive narau nareung
Ablative nary narerung
Dative narang nareng
Instrumental narenang nareneng

Quenya derived verbs do not ablaut.

VerbsEdit

Verbs, similar to nouns, come from both PIE and Quenya, and therefore have different conjugations, with PIE verbs being irregular and ablauting.

PIE derived verbs:

PIE derived verbs change stem for tense. So we have for the verb laukh (let, leave sb) Stative: lekh- Imperfective: laukh- Perfective: lelykh-

Verb laukh

Stative Indicative Subjunctive Optative Imperative Conditional
1st Singular lekhung lekhuk lekhyng lekhing
2nd Singular lekhuz lekhaz lekhyz lekhu! lekhiz
3rd Singular lekhuth lekhath lekhyth lekhuthu! lekhith
1st Plural lekhus lekhaus lekhunga lekhis
2nd Plural lekhut lekhaut lekhyt lekhuta! lekhit
3rd Plural lekhud lekhaud lekhaud lekhatu! lekhid

To form the future we use the Quenya derived verb zail- and then the stem of either stative, imperfective or perfective. To form the past tenses we use the prefix kha(ng)-

Generally PIE derived verbs do not change the endings. There are some irregulars, for example oz (to be) (oz-,ngo-,au-)

Verb oz

Stative Indicative Subjunctive Optative Imperative Conditional
1st Singular oze ozukh zakhung ozang
2nd Singular oz ozas zas azde! uz
3rd Singular ozd ozda zath azdi! uzd
1st Plural uz ozung zekhung azma
2nd Plural oizd zat zeth azda! azde
3rd Plural ode zutha zakhut zadi! zad

The imperfective and perfective forms conjugate like regular Quenya derived verbs.

Quenya Derived Verbs:

Quenya verbs do not change the stem but instead add suffixes onto it to change mood before adding endings For example indicative pholfa-,subjunctive pholfy, optative pholfaze, imperative pholuf!, conditional pholfau. (pholfang,to hit)

The endings are as follows:

Pholfang Endings
1st Singular pholfan
2nd Singular pholfale
3rd Singular pholfas
1st Plural pholfalung
2nd Plural pholfada
3rd Plural pholfata

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives always decline. Those that derive from PIE will often ablaut, such as maizguz(myzgau-), fast

Singular Plural
Nominative maizguz myzgauraz
Accusative maizgung myzgauz
Genitive myzgauz myzgaurukhung
Ablative myzgaus myzgaus
Dative myzgauri myzgaus
Instrumental myzgaukh myzgauphu

Those that don't decline like this

olpuz-bright

Singular Plural
Nominative olpuz olpyz
Accusative olpung olpus
Genitive olpuzy olpukhung
Ablative olpauth olpyng
Dative olpy olpys
Instrumental olpukh olpyza

Quenya derived adjectives decline in the same way, and do not ablaut

PronounsEdit

Declensions for the or that, this, I, thou, he, she, we, you, they

The, That

Singular Plural
Nominative a ai
Accusative eng ez
Genitive azu azung
Ablative azmu aiz
Dative azmai amiz
Instrumental ai aipe

This

Singular Plural
Nominative ekh ekhaz
Accusative ung uz
Genitive azaz azang
Ablative uzmu yz
Dative zeik azmiz
Instrumental khy khyph

1st Person

Singular Plural
Nominative khu y
Accusative khong nong
Genitive khon noz
Ablative khy ni
Dative khi nom
Instrumental khy ny

2nd Person

Singular Plural
Nominative la ik
Accusative lo zong
Genitive lon zos
Ablative ly zin
Dative lau zon
Instrumental li zy

3rd Person Masculine

Singular Plural
Nominative zu thy
Accusative thung thus
Genitive thuzy thazung
Ablative thuzmu thyz
Dative thuzmy thyz
Instrumental thy thyp

3rd Person Feminine

Singular Plural
Nominative zikh zykh
Accusative thing this
Genitive thizi thyng
Ablative thyzmi thyzmy
Dative thizikh thigmu
Instrumental thi thip

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1Ikhu
2you (singular)thi
3hezu
4wey
5you (plural)ik
6theyzis
7thiszu,zuth,zikh
8thate,ith,akh
9herekhi
10therean,au
11whohyz,huz
12whathyth,huth
13wherehi
14whenkhute
15howuz
16notung
17allelifa
18manyungu
19somezang
20few
21otheroluz
22onekhyz
23twothu
24three
25fourkhauthuz
26fivefokh
27bigmag
28longthulkhuz
29widepholu
30thickthykhuz
31heavykhauzguz
32smallazmaje
33shortazgauzd
34narrowozgo
35thinlanu
36womankhaung
37man (adult male)ygzuz
38man (human being)
39childnauth
40wifeetez
41husbandphazni
42motherutora
43fatherothoz
44animalkauz
45fishthungu
46birdkheuz
47dogxyz
48lousekhaneth
49snakenakhtuz
50wormlikh
51treethola
52forestsaula
53stickkhauzduz
54fruitkhaphul
55seedazda
56leaflosa
57rooturakhaduz
58barkphoru
59flowerlutha
60grasskhynuz
61ropeuzguphonuz
62skinthaukhuz
63meatmangzu
64bloodnazguz
65bonekhauzduz
66fat
67eggkhyjim
68hornrosa
69tailtheto
70featherkhausa
71hairphiluz
72headphuth
73earkhauz
74eyekakhu
75nosemitu
76mouthkauz
77toothkhathadz
78tonguengaugz
79fingernailkanug
80footthol
81legagzuzguz
82kneejynuz
83handjyz
84wingrumo
85bellyitaru
86gutsakhtauz
87neckmune
88backxyph
89breastphuzdang
90heartkhung
91liveraikhuz
92drinksikh
93eatkhath-
94bitenokh-
95suckzaug-
96spitfyth-
97vomituzdiaur-
98blowkhaukh-
99breathefaur-
100laughakhlakh-
101seeaith-
102hearkhuziar-
103knowjinakh-
104thinkmang-
105smellfarakh-
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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