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| Name: []
Number of genders:
All χ and w are supposed to be superscripted. Tie bars are left out for clarity and browser support.
|Plosive/Affricate||p pχ||t tχ||tɕ ɕχ||k kχ|
|Approximant||ʋ||ɹ l||j||ʁ ʁw|
/ɹ/ is represented by <r>. /pχ tχ kχ/ are represented by <pr tr kr>. /ʁ/ is written <g>, /ʁw/ is <w>. /ɕɕ/ are <x c cr>. /ç/ is written <hj>, and is pronounced instead of the sequence /hj/.
Each vowel may be long or short, and is marked with a following apostrophe. Stress always falls on the first syllable of a word, irrelevant of vowel length.
Syllable structure is CVVC. The first consonant may be any consonant, the final consonant may only be one of /m n l s ʁ/.
Pratra is a heavily prefixing language, with nouns, verbs, and adjectives inflected with prefixes. There are numerous rules and exceptions, which stem from it's evolutionary history. Nouns and adjectives have no gender, but are declined in 5 cases- nominative/accusative, genitive, dative, locative, instrumental, and singular and plural numbers. Verbs have 3 tenses, perfect-imperfect aspect, and indicative, interrogative, and imperative mood.
Nouns and adjective declensions:Edit
|Case||Sing. A||Pl. A||Sing. B||Pl. B|
Declension A is normally for words in which the first vowel is short, B for long vowels. However, there are numerous exceptions.
All relevant nouns are required to be negated when the verbs are using the negation prefix "va-".
It is good to know that most verbs follow a single conjugation pattern:
For the infintive Da't (to speak):
|Ind. perfect||Ind, imperfect||Interrogative||Imperative|
To further conjugate for person, use the person prefices:
|1st||Lo-||Inclusive: Le- Exclusive:Me-|
Negation is achieved by using the prefix "Va-"
So, "I speak Pratra" is "Lomada' Cripratra."
"Cat's will never speak Pratra": "Vaodipru vadalema'da' vacripratra."
Pronouns are declined reguarly: "sa" = I, so:
Speak to me! = "O'da'ce desa!"