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Proto-Alemar-Barejine
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Type
Fusional
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
right
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Proto-Alemar-Barejine is the most recent common ancestor of the Peninsular Chevin languages, which include both Alemarese and Barejine. It was most likely spoken in the center of the Chevin peninsula, spreading inland, to the coasts, and to the surrounding islands (displacing other languages minus Varrit).

ClassificationEdit

The Alemar-Barejine languages are grouped into two branches: East and West. A minority of languages fall outside of this scheme, however, and a labeled as isolates within the Alemar-Barejine family.

Sound changesEdit

Full ListEdit

V= vowel, S= stop, C= consonant, F=front vowel, [+vcd]= voiced, [-vls]= voiceless

  1. [a:, e:] > [:a, :e] / S[+vcd]_
  2. S[+vcd]: > S[+vls]
  3. [t, d] > [θ, ð] /_[u, w] unless C_u#
  4. w[t, d] > [θ, ð]
  5. nʢ > q
  6. ʢ > h / _[u, w], V_V
  7. ʢ > q / elsewhere
  8. ej > i / C_#
  9. Vg > e / _ unless stressed
  10. m > n / _#
  11. rS > Sr
  12. u > 0 / _#
  13. [s, t] > 0 / [V, j, w]_#
  14. 0 > e / S_r#
  15. p > f / _[u, w]
  16. f > v / V_V, _F
  17. s > z / i(:)_V, C_i, _a unless _a:
  18. vocalic height harmony*
  19. ng > nj
  20. ts > st
  21. gn > ng
  22. ks > sk
  23. w > 0 / V_V
  24. ow > wo
  25. j > i
  26. w > u
  27. : > 0 / V_V
  28. a: > au unless _[A, #]
  29. o: > ou unless _[A, #]
  30. u: > iu / [l, r]_
  31. ai > ae
  32. :C > C: unless C is m, h, z, S[+vcd], q
  33. stress changes**
  34. : > 0

Vocalic height harmonyEdit

Stress changesEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

The traditional classification and symbols are shown below.

labial dental alveolar palatal velar laryngeal
nasal m n
stop p b t d k g q
fricative f v þ ð s z j h
approximant r l i u

VowelsEdit

front back
close i u
mid e o
open a
  • Legal diphthongs are /ei/, /oi/, /ae/, /eu/, /ou/, and /au/. All other adjacent vowels are pronounced in two separate syllables.

PhonotacticsEdit

StressEdit

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