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Proto-Asermian

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Proto-Asermian
*ꝛakêjet̠hr̠æβ
Type
Fusional-Synthetic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Proto-Asermian, natively *ꝛakêjet̠hr̠æβ (IPA: /ɹaˈke.jɛ.tɹ̠̊˔æβ/) was the common ancestor of the Asermian family of languages, which includes Rıkučreb, Rowiktob, and Karbash. It was once spoken by the Asermian race, a once vibrant humanoid avian people who were mostly killed in a catastrophe that occurred near their island. The sole survivor, Bakzwalt, continued to use the language, and taught it to various people, thus beginning the dichotomy that has resulted in multiple different descendent languages.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Proto-Asermian is a part of the Asermian language family. Its origins are unknown, but most likely came from late Palaeolithic proto-speech spoken by members of the Asermian race, which included Bakzwalt. Unlike actual birds, the Asermian race did not possess a Hyoid apparatus, and therefore had a flexible tongue. However, their lack of teeth and lips effectively made articulation of labiodental consonants and rounded vowels impossible, as well as making articulation of alveolar consonants and certain plosives difficult.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar* Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal/Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive (Stop)
k
g
ʔ
Sibilant Affricate
Non-Sibilant Affricate (pɸ)
(bβ)
(tθ͇) - tɹ̠̊˔
dɹ̠˔
Sibilant Fricative s̠ - ʃ
z̠ - ʒ
Non-Sibilant Fricative ɸ
β
(θ͇) - ɹ̠̊˔
ɹ̠˔
x
ɣ
χ h
Approximant ɹ j ɰ̊
ɰ
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral approximant l
  • In the Post-Alveolar column, dashed pairs are Retracted Alveolar and Palato-Alveolar, respectively.

Characters in parentheses are not well attested or are relatively uncommon in Proto-Asermian.

ClicksEdit

Proto-Asermian had one click consonant, the voiceless post-alveolar click /!/ , which occurred only when word final and preceded by a vowel.

EjectivesEdit

Proto-Asermian had two ejective consonants, both of which occurred only when word final: the alveolar ejective /t'/ (which occurred only when preceded by a consonant), and the velar ejective /k'/.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Centre Near-back Back
Close i ɯ
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid e ɤ
Mid ə
Open-mid ʌ
Near-open æ
Open ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

AllophonyEdit

Stress RulesEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Proto-Asermian had no writing system, as it was long before the introduction of the original Immajer Racwaietrab script. In modern times it is transcribed using the Standardised Orthography for Asermian. SOA Charts

GrammarEdit

SpellingEdit

ConjunctionsEdit

CoordinatingEdit

CorrelativeEdit

SubordinatingEdit

PrepositionsEdit

ArticlesEdit

Definite ArticleEdit

Indefinite ArticleEdit

NounsEdit

Proto-Asermian was the only known Asermian language to use noun declension. Nouns declined according to case, gender, and number. Proto-Asermian had 3 noun cases: nominative, accusative, and genitive; 3 noun genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter; and 2 noun numbers: singular and plural. The table of declensions is shown below.

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative z̠ə z̠əkɚ ɑ˞ ɑ˞
Accusative z̠îekɚ z̠îekɚk' ɚ ɚk'
Genitive z̠ək' z̠əkek' t̠ɚ t̠ɚk'

PronounsEdit

PossessiveEdit

AdjectivesEdit

AdverbsEdit

Degrees of ComparisonEdit

VerbsEdit

infinitive êâ ... ꝛî
present participle/gerund ɰ̊yə
past participle ɰ̊ɯy
indicative imperative conditional
singular plural singular plural singular plural
preterite ñɯ̄a! s̠ɯ̄an
z̠βɯ̄a lβɯ̄a
hɯ̄a / xɯ̄a / t̠ɯ̄ak' mehɯ̄a
present ñə! s̠ən nɯ̄ s̠ɯ̄ nî! s̠în
z̠βə lβə z̠βɯ̄ lβɯ̄ z̠βî lβî
hə / xə / t̠ək' mehə hî / xî / t̠îk' mehî
future ŋy! s̠yn
z̠βy lβy
hy / xy / t̠yk' mehy
}

Perfect AspectEdit

Continuous AspectEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

Proto-AsermianEdit

EnglishEdit

When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

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