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Proto-Chartic

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Proto-Chartic
'
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
left branching
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Proto-Chartic is the reconstructed most common ancestor of the Chartic family, a large language family occupying much of the planet Aetho’s southern continent.

ClassificationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

alveolar velar laryngeal
nasal n
stop t d k g ʔ
fricative s h
approximant l
rhotic r

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High i ɯ
Mid e ɤ
Low a

DiphthongsEdit

falling rising
ei ie
ɤɯ ɯɤ
ai ia
ɯa

Pitch accentEdit

A pitch accent can appear anywhere on the root, but is mobile in various declensions and verbforms.

PhonotacticsEdit

(C(:), hG)(V(n)(F), A)

G=C- ʔ, h, d, g

F=C- h

A=l, r, n

Nouns Edit

Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Instrumental, Ablative, Locative, Comitative, Temporal, Vocative

Numbers: Singular, Plural

-C -a -i
sg pl sg pl sg pl
Nominative hláins hláinsl ʔiéga ʔiegál káɯhi kaɯhíl
Accusative hláin-s hlain-ssé ʔiégas ʔiegásse káɯhis kaɯhísse
Genitive hláinsr- hlainsír- ʔiégar- ʔiegáir- káɯhir- kaɯhír-
Dative hláinsia hlain-sséis ʔiégia ʔiegásseis káɯhia kaɯhísseis
Instrumental hláinshns hláinslhns ʔiégahns ʔiegálhns káɯhihns kaɯhílhns
Ablative hláinsis hlainshát ʔiégais ʔiegáhat káɯhis kaɯhíhat
Locative hlainssɯ́ hlainssɯ́ ʔiegásɯ ʔiegásɯ kaɯhísɯ kaɯhísɯ
Comitative hláinsdn hláinsldn ʔiégadn ʔiegáldn káɯhidn kaɯhíldn
Temporal hláinskr hláinskr ʔiegákr ʔiegákr kaɯhíkr kaɯhíkr
Vocative hlainsá hláinsl ʔiegá ʔiegál kaɯhiá kaɯhíl

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