Wikia

Conlang

Proto-Galiscan

3,213articles on
this wiki
Talk0
Proto-Galiscan
galiskom
by SennomaUzanto
Date of creation 18th September 2015
SU-ID {{{SUID}}}
Origin
- Indo-European

-- Proto-Galiscan

Type
Fusional
Alignment
nominative-accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Navigation

{{{NavName}}}

Sub pages
{{{NavSub}}}
Links
{{{NavLinks}}}
ToDo-list
{{{NavToDo}}}


Sub pages
Proto-Galiscan/Sound_Change

Proto-Galiscan/Example_Texts

Links
-
ToDo-list
- Passive verb forms


Classification and DialectsEdit

Proto-Galiscan is an Indo-European language and the proto-language of the Galiscan languages.

PhonologyEdit

Sound Change Edit

Proto-Galiscan/Sound Change

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Dorsal
palatal plain labial
Nasal *m *n - - -
Plosive voiceless *p *t *ḱ *k *kʷ
voiced *b *d *g *gʷ
Sibilant - *s - - -
Trill - *r - - -
Semivowel - *l *j - *w

VowelsEdit

Monophthongs
Front Back
short long short long
Close i ī u ū
Close-mid e ē o ō
Open a ā - -
Diphthongs
short+[i] long+[i] short+[u]
[e] ei ēi eu
[o] oi ōi ou
[a] ai āi au
[j] - - iu

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

short long
Latin IPA Latin

IPA

Vowels
A a [a] Ā ā [aː]
E e [e] Ē ē [eː]
I i [i], [j] Ī ī [iː]
O o [o] Ō ō [oː]
U u [w], [u] Ū ū [uː]
Consonants
M m [m] Mm mm [mː]
N n [n] Nn nn [nː]
L l [l] Ll ll [lː]
R r [r] Rr rr [rː]
S s [s] Ss ss [sː]
B b [b] - -
P p [p] - -
D d [d] - -
T t [t] - -
G g [g] - -
K k [k] - -
[gʷ] - -
[kʷ] - -

GrammarEdit

Root Edit

PIE PreGal ProtoGal
*lewbʰ- *lewbʰ- love, present lawbʰ- lewb-
*lowbʰ- love, past lowbʰ- lowb-

Edit

lewb-, lowb-
1st 2nd 3rd
Singular lewbmj lewbsj lewbtj
Dual lewbwo lewbta
Plural lewb-mes lewb-té lewb-ntj

NounsEdit

Declension Edit

Singular Dual Plural
masculine feminine neuter masculine feminine neuter masculine feminine neuter
Nominative -os -a -om -e -aia -oia -oi -ai -me
Vocative -ōs
Accusative -om -am -oim -ām -oms -aim
Instrumental -mi -ont -on -an -ent -mis -mas
Ablative -ōt -at -em -obom -abo -eban -mos -et
Dative -ari -erom
Gentitive -ous -ares -el -ōm -ām
Locative -i -su -se
Examples Edit
masculine declension

(onēr- man)

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative onēros onēre onēroi
Vocative onērē onērōs
Accusative onērom onēroim onēroms
Instrumental onērmi onēron onērmis
Ablative/ Dative onērōt onērobon onērmos
Gentitive onērī onērous onērōm
Locative onēri onērsu
feminine declension

(gʷēn- woman)

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative gʷēna gʷēnaja gʷēnai
Vocative gʷēnā
Accusative gʷēnam gʷēnām gʷēnaim
Instrumental gʷēnmi gʷēnan gʷēnmas
Ablative gʷēnat gʷēnabo
Dative gʷēnari
Gentitive gʷēnares gʷēnām
Locative gʷēni gʷēnsu
neuter declension

(dor- tree)

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative/ Vocative/ Accusative dorom doroia dorme
Instrumental doront dorent
Ablativ dorem doreban doret
Dative dorerom
Gentitive dorel
Locative dori dorse

Pronouns Edit

Personal Pronouns Edit
First Person Second Person Reflexive
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ega wai twa jus
Accusative nwe n̥sma twē jūo usme
Genitive menos nōios n̥seros tewos wōs wōsos
Dative megjo nwebio n̥smebio tebio wobio usmebio
Instrumental moi noi n̥sai toi woi usai
Locative n̥smi usmi
Ablative mad nad n̥smad twad wad usmad
Demonstratives Edit
Singular Plural
Masculine Neuter Feminine Masculine Neuter Feminine
Nominative so
Accusative tom
Genitive tosio
Dative tosmei
Locative tosmi
Instrumental
Ablative tosmōd

Verbs Edit

Class Example
PIE root indicative subjunctive participle
present past present past present active past active
I (j-verbs) *bʰeud- *baid- *boid- baid-ska- baid-sko- baidant- bidwas-
II (w-verb) *dʰewgʰ- *daug- *doug- daug-ska- daug-sko- daugant- dugwas

Active conjugation Edit

Present Past
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Indicative 1st -mi -wos -me -am -we -me
2nd -si -tes -te -os -tom -te
3rd -ti -onti -ot -tām -end
Subjunctive 1st -emi -ewe -eme -ām -awe -ame
2nd -esi -etes -ete -as -atom -ate
3rd -eti -enti -at -atam -and
Optative 1st -iem -īwe -īme -iam -iawe -iame
2nd -ies -ītom -īte -ias -iatom -iate
3rd -iet -ītām -iend -iat -iatam -iand
Imperative 1st - -
2nd -ti -tom -te -pi -pom -pe
3rd -tu -tam -entu -pu -pam -empu
Example for the active verb forms (ljup- to love)
Present Past
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Indicative 1st ljupmi ljupwos ljupmo ljupam ljupwe ljupme
2nd ljupsi ljuptes ljupte ljupos ljuptom ljupte
3rd ljupti ljuponti ljupot ljuptām ljupend
Subjunctive 1st ljupemi ljupewe ljupeme ljupām ljupawe ljupame
2nd ljupesi ljupetes ljupete ljupas ljupatom ljupate
3rd ljupeti ljupenti ljupat ljupatam ljupand
Optative 1st ljupiem ljupīwe ljupīme ljupiam ljupiawe ljupiame
2nd ljupies ljupītom ljupīte ljupias ljupiatom ljupiate
3rd ljupiet ljupītām ljupiend ljupiat ljupiatam ljupiand
Imperative 1st - -
2nd ljupti ljuptom ljupte ljuppi ljuppom ljuppe
3rd ljuptu ljuptam ljupenttu ljuppu ljuppam ljupempu

Passive conjugation Edit

SyntaxEdit

Proto-Galiscan has the main word order SOV, but it is very variable.

LexiconEdit

Google Docs

Example textEdit

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki