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Proto-Rider

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Name: Proto-Rider

Type: Semi-derivative

Alignment: Free

Head Direction: Free, but usually SVO or SOV

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Proto-Rider roots of which developed from Insular Celtic languages, mainly Irish Gaelic and Welsh. The Riders had a vocabulary centered around the riding of horses, being the first on [un-named continent] to do so.

SettingEdit

In the east of [un-named continent].

[1]

PhonologyEdit

CONSONANTS

b p k g d t h l r m n s (consonantal i)



VOWELS

a e i o u

Vowels cannot begin a word, so an h is placed before an initial vowel.


Diphthongs do exist:


ai, ao, ia, ie, io, iu, oe, oi, ua

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)CV{(C)[(V)'(C)']}

BASIC GRAMMAREdit

Nouns and AdjectivesEdit

The Proto-Rider declension system was mainly based on Proto-Indo-European.

Nouns and adjectives are thus declined:

Masculine Feminine Plural
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative -os -en -as -en - -en
Vocative -o -a
Accusative -om -omen -am -amen -em -emen
Genitive -ob -oben -ab -aben -eb -eben
Dative -ois -oisen -ais -aisen -is -isen

VerbsEdit

The verb conjugation of Proto-Rider is partly invented and partly based on Insular Celtic. Here is the basic conjugation [~ is the root vowel, = is the personal (present) ending]:

Infinitive -
Present Participle -nd~=
Past Participle -t~=
Singular Plural
Present 1 -r -m
2 -g -l
3 -t -p
Past 1 -d~r -d~m
2 -d~g -d~l
3 -d~t -d~p
Future 1 -p~r -p~m
2 -p~g -p~l
3 -p~t -p~p
Imperative 2 -g~ -l~

The conditional is formed by conjugating the future of hiso and the past of the verb. The subjunctive is formed by conjugating the present of kona and the infinitive. The past subjunctive is formed with the past of kona and the infinitive.

DictionaryEdit

Here is the roots lexicon that I have so far:



A

adjectives: dehen

adult: pir-

after: hed

air: huir-

all: pod-

allow: leta


and: gus

animals: kepgadren

apple: hul

apple tree: hulkan-

architect:

arm: lum-

around: da

arrow: peg-

ask: pela

at: do

away: ger

axe: tah-


B

bad: don-

be able: kona

be: ta

bed: nid-

before: rib

beg: haste

beget: gitoru

believe: hara, koredu

belly: tar-

berry: kor-

big: mor-

black: dub-

blanket; plen-

blue: gom-

blueberry: gomkor-

body parts: dedunen

bow: kug-

bring: bire

builder: deldun-

bury: nituga

but: hag


C

caterpillar: pilik-

chair: kad-

change: hura

child: lim-

clothing: gah-

colours: darbihgomen

come: tara

conjunctions: hiden

couch: nod-

count: kimu

cousin: der-

cup: kup-


D

dark: du-

deity: (kep)dao-

destroy: niginu

die: maru, tuga

digit: dek-

diminish: nigela

do: dinu

doctor: tur(dun)-

dog: gadar-

door: bod-

down: dus

drink: hipe

during: pid


E

ear: klas-

earth: krig-, han-

eat: mani

eight: haket

eightteen: dihak

eighty: haga

eleven: din

eye: sul-


F

feel: timla

fifteen: dink

fifty: hega

fight; pihe

find: seri

fire: grin-

fireplace: grin(tar)-

fish: his-

five: henk

flower: blud-

fly: kil-

foot, hoof: trod-

for: har

forget: dime

four: keha

fourteen: dik

fourty: kega

from: has


G

gazelle: pih-

get: kile

give: ri

go: mi

good: med-

goodbye: selana

grandchild: kurias-

grandparent: kurad-

grass: pur-

grind: turile

grow: gela, gerba

gull: parin-


H

hair, mane: kobil-

hand: lau-

hate: hadu

have to: sale

have: kla

head: kin-

hear: kle

hello: hal

home: higem

horse: kep-

house: hig-

how many: pokim/kimpo

how: porud/rudpo

hundred: gata

hundred-thousand: gatagisel, gatenpil

hunt: pige

hunter: pigdun-


I

-in law: _dil-

in: hi

interogatices: poen


K

knife: sin-


L

lake: lok-

leader: rihdun-

learn: do

leave: gadi, baridi

leg: kos-

less: dongel-

light: gid-

light: gil-

like: kopi

lion: ruh-

live: bo

lotus: husblud-

love: karu


M

make: ginu

many: en-

mat: pur-

million: mun

more: gel-

most: per-

mouse: lug-

mouth: kab-

much: ten-


N

nature: kanpures

need: hesi

nine: naba

nineteen: dina

ninety: naga

no: ni

nor: ninoh

nose: ron-

numbers: kimen


O

oak: derkan-

of: de

offspring: hias-

on: hir-

one: hin

or: noh

organ: kil-

ospre: uler-

out: hes


P

parent: had-

pass: boda

person: dun-

person: dunen

pillow: lib-

plate: hit-

postpositions: doen

pot, bowl: tet-

prairy-dog: kin-


R

rain (cry): kriseka

rain (figurative): lobi

rain (weather): pole

raspberry: darkor-

red: dar-

redwood: darkan-

remain: rosa

remember: penu

ride: kepa

rider: kepdun-

river: rud-

rose: darblud-

run: rede


S

say: dodi, kamti

search: si

see: kura

separate: nigune, rutogi

seven: sipa

seventeen: dispa

seventy: spaga

shovel: ban-

sibling: dir-

six: suk

sixteen: dis

sixty: suga

small: big-

smell: rona

some: neb-

speak: sira

spoon: bon-

star: rilt-

steal: kido


T

tail: pein-

take: kumi

taste: bla

teach: mura

teacher, scholar, wizard: muridun-

ten: diga

ten-thousand: digisel, dienpil

thank: grade

think: muri

thirteen: didri

thirty: driga

thousand: gisel, enpil

three: drihe

to: go

touch: ki

tree: kan-

twelve: did

twenty: dega

two: dehu


U

under: pi

up: lin


V

verbs: dinen

very: hane-


W

walk: kere

want: hiso

water: hus-, dur-

what: po(ral)

when: pogil/gilpo

where: popur/purpo

white: pun-

who: podun/dunpo

why: pohar/harpo

window: hirbod-

with: hid

without: gan, nihid


Y

yellow: bih-

yes: his


Z

zero: nil


Example textEdit

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