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Proto-Vixara
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

Proto-Vixara (aka PVX) is the common ancestor of 2 languages, Vigia and Xara. Before it split to 2, it has 3 Dialects, Vigian, Standard, and Xaran. Here are 3 Dialects compared side by side: (Uses pure Latin alphabet transcription)

Dialect Sample Sentence
Standard Πukjα mαljαmo [tukʲæ mælɪamo]
Vigian Παzkjα mαljαmzo [taʊkʲæ malɪamʷo]
Xaran Πozkjα mαljαmo [toʊkʲæ mælɪamo]

Standard Proto-Vixara is usually found at the south of the Vigian Mountains, Vigian in the inner and northern parts of the mountains, and Xaran at the east.

Vihara Kapaupa

Change of PVX and Proto-Kapaupa over time

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative s z h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Approximant w ɹ j w
Trill
Lateral l

VowelsEdit

NOTE: Underlined vowels are only used in diphthongs.

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
High-mid ɪ ʊ o
Mid e
Low-mid æ
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

Sound Changes Edit

Here is how PVX split into Vigia and Xara. The sounds here are represented by the IPA Symbols. I will only put the sounds that changed.

PVX to Vigia
PVX Proto-Vigia Old Vigia Vigia
n n
n ŋ
nk ng
nɪ/nj ɲ
tk c
dg ɟ
ʃ
s s
s
ʒ
ɹ ɹ
r
PVX to Xara
PVX Proto-Xara Old Xara Xara
n n n
ŋ
ɳ
tk ʈ
dg ɖ
gh R R ɣ
kh x
s s s
ʃ
ʂ
z z z
ʒ
ʐ
ʈʂ
ɖʐ

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Σz ξe Γr Πt Jj Ωu Θo Ii Δα ζs Dd
Sound w ʊ e r ɹ t j ɪ u o i p æ a s z d
Letter Ψφ Xx Yy Kk Ll Bb Nn Mm Cc
Sound g h k l z b n m
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

The words are transcripted in the PVX Writing System. There could be some wrong spellings or wrong transcription of sound to letters. If there are, let me know!


No. English Proto-Vixara
1Iξcα
2you (singular)Ψα
3heInjα
4weXon
5you (plural)Kiα
6theyXone
7thisΠukiα
8thatCαkα
9hereMαkjα
10thereBαdjα
11whoInα
12whatJone
13whereJukzo
14whenIkαkzo
15howΘjαme
16notξnjα
17allNαl
18manyNαlα
19someξnαlα
20fewξnonαlα
21otherΩretijα
22onePukje
23twoζele
24threeProirle
25fourPukπroirle
26fiveζeleirle
27bigNαmαljα
28longNαlαjko
29wide
30thick
31heavyMαlyαmo
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanξkonjα
37man (adult male)Konjα
38man (human being)Monα
39childBemαnα
40wifeMekonjα
41husbandMakonjα
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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