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Proto central mannic

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Proto central mannic
Type agglutinative
Alignment Active stative
Head direction intial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

Proto central mannic was the early human language spoken by central humans during the early second era. It later seperated into many different languages and dialects some of them well known such as Freelandic and others like Ozoman were spoken by only one hundred people in just a hundred years. Proto central mannic is thought to be related to Proto south central mannic however the language seems to have more elven conjugates. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Proto central mannic had seventeen consonants, it had bilabials, dentals, alveolars, retroflex. uvular, pharyngeal, glottal. It used plosives, fricatives, affricatives, approximants, later fricatives. The plosives used only voiced consonants, the fricatives distinguished each other by aspiriation.

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive b d d ɖ ɢb ?
Fricative f fʰ θ θʰ ʂ ʂʰ ʁ ɦ
Affricate qχʼ
Approximant w l ʁ
Lateral fric. ɬ
sound changes old silsian Freemannic ulach-durgian
plosives

plosives become breathy voiced at the end of word

uvular stays them same

retroflex kept

alveolar stop lost

pharyngeal becomes epiglottal after words

plosives lost between vowels

distinction between voiced and unvoiced plosives

ba

loss of retroflex stop

palatisation of voiceless plosives before front vowels

pharyngeal stop becomes a glottal stop after back vowels

pharyngeal stop is lost apart from when it is after a back vowel

Uvular plosives to velar plosives

plosives split into voiced and unvoiced

retroflex becomes post alveolar

uvular to velar

pharyngeal stop becomes blottal

Fricatives

dental fricatives lost

glottal fricative lost

ʁ becomes voiceless

unasiprated fricativess become voiced

retroflex fricatives lost

alveolar fricatives gained (voiced and unvoiced)

uvular fricative becomes a trill

aspirated fricatves become aspirated plosives

ɦ is lost

affricative

qχʼ becomes χ

qxos to xos

qχʼ becomes kx' due to uvular to velar

qxos (boy) to kxos (boy)

qχʼ becomes kx' due to uvular to velar

qxos to kxos

approximant approximants are pronouced as trills inbtween and after words w is lost between vowels ʁ to j
lateral fricative

lateral fricative is kept

lnioas to linioas

the lateral fricative is lost

lnioas (woman) to ioas (woman)

lateral fricative becomes ç 

lnioas to chioas

VowelsEdit

Front front creaky back breathy Back
Close i ʊ ɯ
Near-close e e
Near-open æ
Open ɶ ɶ ä ä
old silsian freemanic ulach-durgian
front

i becomes rounded after bilabial consonants

æ becomes long

each vowel becoms rounded or unrounded
front creaky creaky e is lost creaky vowels lost  creaky e is rounded
back breathy ʊ becomes rounded breathy vowels lost breathy vowels lost
back ɯ becomes palatised inbetween cosnonants ɯ is unrounded ɯ is rounded and unrounded

PhonotacticsEdit

 CLV CV CFV VC CVC CAV CRCV CRV VCV

Writing SystemEdit

Letter B b Ď ď D d Ḍ ḍ G g V v F f Ð ð Þ þ Z z S s Rh
Sound b d ɖ ɢb f fʰ θ θʰ zh ʂʰ ʁ
Letter ' Ch ch W w L l
Sound ? qx w
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

The proto language used complex but highly regualr noun morphology, case and gender each agree to each other. Pronouns are marked for case and gender. There are around ten articles which all have to agree with the nouns number. Case is shown through suffixes and number is shown through prefixes.

masculine feminine neutral
Ergative

-os

-as -us
Absolutive -dro -dra -dru
genitive -ot -ot -ut
instrumental -og -ag ug
locative -oq -aq uq
benefactive -ofh -afh ufh

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

Proto central mannic was an active-stative language with its words being made of aggulantives for example the word for fisherman being he who hunts in the river Agafbrohoshityosos (river-locative-feminine third person hunt regular third person singular male ergative) these long compound words would later became shorter over time Agafbrohoshityosos became Akvbrohitosos in Aundarian later this would became Akvrohitos in middle freelandic finally in modern Freelandic it became Akvrotos.

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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