Provitan Irregular Verbs Edit

There are several irregular verbs in Provitan. Unlike Spanish, verbs do not diphthongize in stressed syllables as diphthongs are usually not present as a result of phonological processes as it in Spanish.

These are some important verbs which are irregular

Esser (West), Essir (East), Ser (rare) -- To be Edit

Infinitive: esser/essir/ser; gerund: sendo; present part: sent; past part: stat/stats/stata/states; aux: -

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. ês es (W)

ès (E)

sôm sêt són
Pret Indic fui fuisti  fûm fuistes fueron
Imperfect Indic era eres era érâm érait eran
Future Indic: serò  serés  serà serâm serait seràn
Conditional seria series seria seríâm seríait serian
Subj pres sis sêm sit sin
Subj Imper fus fusses fus fussêm fusseit fussen
Subj Future for fores for forêm foreit foren
Imperative - èt! sî! sêm! sàu! sin!

estar -- To be (state) Edit

Infinitive: estar; gerund: estando; present part: estant; past part: estat/estats/estata/estates

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. estéc estàs està estâm estait estàn
Pret Indic estai estasti estó estûm estastes estaron
Imperfect Indic estavo estaves estava estavâm estavait estavan
Future Indic: estarò  estarés estaràs estarâm estarait estaràn
Conditional estaria estaries estaria estaríâm estaríait estarian
Subj pres esté estés esté estêm esteit estén
Subj Imper estàs estasses estàs estassêm estasseit estassen
Subj Future estar estares estar estarêm estareit estaren
Imperative - està! esté! estêm! estáu! estén!

haver -- To have Edit

Infinitive: haver; gerund: havendo; present part: havent; past part: havut/havutos/havuta/havutes; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. he / hec

(rare) haitg /


has ha hâm hait han
Pret. Indic havei havisti havó havûm havestes haveron
Imperfect Indic haveva haveves haveva havevâm havevait havevan
Future Indic: habrò  habrés habrà habrâm habrait habrán
Conditional habria habries habria habriâm habriait habrian
Subj pres haia haias haia haiâm haiait haian
Subj Imper havés havesses havés havessêm havesseit havessen
Subj Future haver haveres haver haverêm havereit haveren
Imperative - ha! haia! haiâm! hàu! haian!

haver-i - there to be (lit. to have there) Edit

Infinitive: haver-i; gerund: havendo-i; present part: havent-i; past part: havut-i/havutos-i/havuta-i/havutes-i; aux: haver

3rd Sing
Pres. Indic. ha-i
Pret Indic havó-i
Imperfect Indic havéva-i
Future Indic: habra-i
Conditional habría-i
Subj pres hàia-i
Subj Imper havés-i
Subj Future havér-i
Imperative hai-i!

voler - to want Edit

Infinitive: voler; gerund: volendo; present part: volent; past part: vûz/vûzo/vûza/vûzes; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. vol vols volt volôm voleit volen
Pret Indic volei volesti voló volûm volestes voleron
Imperfect Indic volevo voleves voleva volevâm volevait volevan
Future Indic: voldrò  voldrés voldrà voldrâm voldrait voldrán
Conditional voldria voldries voldria voldriâm voldriait voldrian
Subj pres voła vołas voła vołâm vołait vołan
Subj Imper volés volesses volés volessêm volesseit volessen
Subj Future voler voleres voler volerêm volereit voleren
Imperative - vol! voła! vołâm vołàu vołan

fer - to do/makeEdit

Infinitive: fer; gerund: facendo; present part: facent; past part: W: facho/fachos/facha/faches E: faito/faitos/faita/faites; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic.

W: fô

E: faitg











Pret Indic

W: fei

E: facei











Imperfect Indic facevo faceves faceva facevâm facevait facevan
Future Indic: ferò  ferés ferà ferâm ferait ferán
Conditional feria feries feria feriâm feriait ferian
Subj pres faça faças faça façâm façait façan
Subj Imper facés facesses facés facessêm facesseit facessen
Subj Future facer faceres facer facerêm facereit faceren
Imperative - fa! faça façâm! façáu! façan!

andar - to go Edit

Infinitive: andar; gerund: andando; present part: andant; past part: vat/vatos/vata/vates; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. vaitg vas va andâm andait van
Pret Indic andai andasti andó andûm andastes andaron
Imperfect Indic ivo ives iva ivâm ivait ivan
Future Indic: irò  irés irà irâm irait iran
Conditional iria iries iria iriâm iriait irian
Subj pres vaia vaias vaia vaiâm vaiait vaian
Subj Imper vaiàs vaiasses vaiàs vaiassêm vaiasseit vaiassen
Subj Future ir ires ir irêm ireit iren
Imperative - va! vaia! vaiâm! váu! vaian!

Potre -- To be able to  Edit

Infinitive: potre; gerund: potendo; present part: potent; past part: potut, potuts, potuta, potutes; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. podo pots pot potêm poteit poten
Pret Indic potei potesti potó potûm potestes poteron
Imperfect Indic potevo poteves poteva potevâm potevait potevan
Future Indic: potrò  potrés potrà potrâm potrait potrán
Conditional potria potries potria potríâm potríait potrian
Subj pres poda podes poda podâm podait podan
Subj Imper potés potesses potés potessêm potesseit potessen
Subj Future potre potres potre potrêm potreit potren
Imperative - pot! poda! podâm! podáu! podan!

ver -- to see Edit

Infinitive:ver; gerund: vendo; present part: veient; past part: vist/vists/vista/vistes; aux: haver

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. veitg ves ve vidêm videit ven
Pret Indic videi videsti  vidó vidûm videstes videron
Imperfect Indic videvo videves videva videvâm videvait videvan
Future Indic: verò  verés verà verâm verait veràn
Conditional veria veries veria veríâm veríait verian
Subj pres vida vidas vida vidâm vidait vidan
Subj Imper vidés videsses vidés videssêm videsseit videssen
Subj Future ver veres ver verêm vereit veren
Imperative - ve! vida! vidâm! vidáu! vidan!

dir -- To say  Edit

Infinitive: dir; gerund: dicendo; present part: dicent; past part: digut/diguts/diguta/digutes

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. diço dices dice dicêm diceit dicen
Pret Indic dizei dizesti dizó dizûm dizestes dizeron
Imperfect Indic dicevo diceves diceva dicevâm dicevait dicevan
Future Indic: dirò  dirés dirà dirâm dirait diràn
Conditional diria diries diria diríâm diríait dirian
Subj pres diça diças diça diçâm diçait diçan
Subj Imper dicés dicesses dicés dicessêm dicesseit dicessen
Subj Future dir dires dir dirêm direit diren
Imperative - di! diça! diçâm! diçáu! diçan!

dur -- To carry, bear, bring  Edit

Infinitive: dir; gerund: ducendo; present part: ducent; past part: dut/duts/duta/dutes

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. duc duces duce ducêm duceit ducen
Pret Indic duguei duguesti dugó dugûm dugueit duguen
Imperfect Indic duvo duves duva duvâm duvait duvan
Future Indic: durò  durés durà durâm durait duràn
Conditional duria duries duria duríâm duríait durian
Subj pres duga dugas duga dugâm dugait dugan
Subj Imper dugués duguesses dugués duguessêm duguesseit duguessen
Subj Future dur dures dur durêm dureit duren
Imperative - du! duga! dugâm! duáu! 'dugan!'

foïr -- To be necessary   Edit

Infinitive: fallir; gerund: fołendo; present part: fołent; past part: fołut/fołuts/fołuta/fołutes

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. - - fou/fau - - -
Pret Indic - - faó - - -
Imperfect Indic - - foïva - - -
Future Indic: - forà - - -
Conditional - - foria - - -
Subj pres - - foła - - -
Subj Imper - - fołàs - - -
Subj Future - - fołir - - -
Imperative - - fała! - - -

escrir -- To write  Edit

Infinitive: escrir; gerund: escriendo; present part: escrent; past part: escrit/escrits/escrita/escites

1st Sing 2nd Sing 3rd Sing

1st Pl.

2nd Pl. 3rd Pl.
Pres. Indic. escric escris escrit escrîm escrít escrin
Pret Indic escriguí escriguisti escriguió escrigûm escriguistes escrigueron
Imperfect Indic escrivo escrives escriva escrivâm escrivait escrivan
Future Indic: escrirò escriràs escrirà escrirâm escráit escriràn
Conditional escriria escriries escriria escriríâm escriríait escririan
Subj pres escriva escrivas escriva escrivâm escrivait escrivan
Subj Imper escrigués escriguesses escrigués escriguessêm escriguesseit escriguessen
Subj Future escrir escrires escrir escrirêm escrireit escriren
Imperative - escri! escriva! escrivâm! escriváu! escrivan!

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