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Rílin

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Rílin
Rílin
Type
Agglutinative, fusional
Alignment
Ergative/Absolutive
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Rílin is a constructed language spoken by the fictional group of people known as the Ríli. They inhabit the conworld known as Aeniith, specifcally on the eastern hemisphere known as Elta. The language is ergative absolutive, fusional/agglutinative, VSO, suffixing, and verbs conjugate for person, number, degree of familiarity/formality of the person, tense, aspect, mode, and voice. It has been in development since around 2004 by Margaret Ransdell-Green 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b  t d k ɡ q ʔ
Fricative ɸ β f v  s z ʃ ʂ ʐ x ɣ h
Affricate
Approximant w j
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric. ɬ
Lateral app. l ʟ
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y u ɯ
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid
Mid e ø o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ ʌ
Near-open æ
Open a

AlphabetEdit

Rílin has an orthography, which is called Séŕa. There are three modes: ture ("soft"), ŕek ("hard") and the default, standard Séŕa.

Rílin can be romanized in the following way:

p, b, t, d, k,g, q, ‘ (ʔ), m, m, nɡ/ň, ph/ŵ (ɸ), bh/ẃ (β), f, v, s, z, sh/ŝ (ʃ), hs/ŕ (ʂ), hz/ř (ʐ), x/c, ɡh/ġ (ɣ), h, w, j, l, lh/ļ(ɬ), ll/ĺ (ʟ), r (ɾ)

i (ɪ), í (i), y, e (ɛ), é (e), ö (ø), ä (æ), u, ŭ(ɯ), o (ɔ), ó (o), û (ʌ), a (ɑ) 

PhonotacticsEdit

Allophonic Rules

/voiced obstruent/ à [+voiceless] / __#

/l/ -> [ɬ] / [t] __

/j/ -> [ʝ] / V__V

/h/ -> [ç] / __ [+high front vocoid]

/+voiceless stop/ -> [+ aspirated] / __ #

/+ high front V/ -> [+ centralized; lowered] q __

/h/ -> [ɦ] / [+voiced] __ [+voiced]

/+ tense V/ -> [+ long] / __ #

N -> [l] / __ /l/

V -> [+nasalized] / __ N

N -> [α. + velar β. + alveolar γ. + bilabial] / __ [C α. + velar β. + alveolar γ. + bilabial]

/ʌ/ → [ə] / __ #

/ɾ/ → [+retroflex fricative] / /+retroflex fricative/ __

/ɣ/ → [ɰ] / /ɯ/ __

/t/ → /tʃ] / __ /j/

/+ voiced C/ → [+voiceless] / [+voiceless C]__

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns in Rílin decline differently depending on whether they are animate or inanimate. The declensions are below.

Animate Case Markers Edit

  • Absolutive – -ɛt
  • Ergative – -as
  • Prepositional – -u
  • Dative – -ø
  • Genitive – -di
  • Possessive – -mu

Inanimate Case Markers Edit

  • Abs. – -ɛt
  • Erg. – -ɛs
  • Prep. – -la
  • Dat. – -ø
  • Gen. – -mi
  • Poss. – -o

The so-called prepositional case is used with almost all prepositions, but can also be used alone, usually as an instrumental case.

The genitive and possessive differ in meaning and usage in that the genitive is used for associative relationships between two NPs and possessive is used to indicate ownership or possession. So one would use the possessive to say "my pen", /rɛs ɪmɪmu/ but the ɡenitive to say "my mother", /ma ɪmɪdi/.

Verbs

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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