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Rahturior

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Rahturior
Rähtürïör

Læurior Flag

Type
Fusional
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Standard Rahturior (SR; Rähtürïör), sometimes spelled more logographically as "Rahtourior", and sometimes referred to as "Hkrinik" or "Hëkrinik", is a fusional language of the Hkrinitik language family, being classified under the Lüdra-Shadon branch and the Rälai sub-branch, distancing the language from the many languages of the Nirut peoples. The name comes from a combination of the Pehrasi word "rahtouri" meaning "after the great era" and the Drulaktyor grand-possessive case ("-yor" to "-ior"), the latter of which also carried into Modern Galrantior.

The word "rahtouri" is significant because the legendary ancient Pehrasiil ruler named Tarieden delivered a speech upon his inauguration that ended with the line (in Old Pehrasi): "Kwutaila rahtouri; polikure." which means "We live on past the great era; accommodate." The word "rahtouri", spelled differently depending on the language it is transferred to, has since become a byword for the universe inhabited by the Shaneiks, Galrants, Rekuans, Skalots, Leimuses, and others.

Rahturior is itself an auxlang developed by a team of linguists led by a Lüdraic Shaneik linguist named Ikcäla Nörvü for the purposes of establishing a lingua franca across the inhabited lands of Rahtouri. Superficially, it is like Esperanto in that it was specifically constructed to become a "world" language, the main difference being that Rahturior actually succeeded in this regard--to some extent. In the lands of Uxtratana (which the Galrants, Rekuans, and Skalots mostly inhabit), the language has only had minor success as an occasional trade tongue and a popular choice for Skalots to learn for surface communication; Rekuans continue to speak languages of the Kuo-Faslonur family, and Galrants continue to speak Modern Galrantior.

However, in the lands of Hkrinitik, Rahturior spread like wildfire to the point that it is the last major language in the major Hkrinitik populace to this day--modern variants of Nirut languages remain as officially recognized native languages, and Standard Shaneic (spoken by the Lüdraic Shaneiks in the past) being preserved as a scholarly tongue much like Latin. Due to its wide success in Hkrinitik and only minor success in Uxtratana, it has been proposed multiple times that the language be renamed "Hkrinik" to reflect its true range, and many citizens of Uxtratana lands have taken to calling it Hkrinik.

Much like Esperanto, Rahturior is made up of words and grammar derived from many sources, the most influential being Standard Shaneic, Modern Galrantior, and Old Niruti.

PhonologyEdit

Rahturior phonology, like that of Galrantior and Rekualn, does not follow any human phonological trends or shifts, because the language is spoken by nonhumans (Shaneiks and Leimuses, which are mammals but not simian, and Skalots, which are like lungfish). It generally maintains the phonology of Standard Shaneic with a few borrowed sounds from Shadonic and Niruti.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m ŋ ɴ
Plosive p b ť t d k g q ʔ
Fricative ɸ v s z ɕ ç x ɣ h ɦ
Affricate q͡χ
Approximant j
Trill ʙ r̥ r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric. ʎ̝̊
Lateral app. l ʟ
Lateral flap

OrthographyEdit

Rahturior's Latinized orthography is rather simplistic: "simple" (more common) sounds appear as a single consonant, whilst "complex" (not as common) sounds appear as a double consonant. As an example, [v] appears as /v/; but if you were to double that /v/ into /vv/, the sound instead becomes [ɸ]. [k] and [q] are realized as their Latin counterparts, but /kk/ represents the affricate [q͡χ] (this affricate is more common than /q/ itself), while /qq/ is not a possible orthographical representation. Of course, this inconsistency is not present in Rahturior's native scripts, but is nonetheless present here.

The following sounds are realized as their matching Latin counterpart:

m | p | b | v | r | l | d | t | k | g | q | ŋ | h | s | z

As for the rest:

  • [ç] is realized as /c/
  • [ɦ] and [x] are realized as /h/; [h] is realized as /hh/
  • [ ť ] is realized as /tt/
  • [ɸ] is realized as /vv/
  • [q͡χ] is realized as /kk/
  • [ʎ̝̊] is realized as /cc/
  • [r̥] is realized as /rr/
  • [ʟ] is realized as /ll/
  • [ʙ] is realized as /bb/
  • [ɣ] is realized as /gg/
  • [ɴ] is realized as /nn/
  • [dɕ] is realized as /j/
  • [ʔ], [ j ], and [ɕ] only appear in some clusters and thus do not individually have their own realizations.
    • [ʔ] appears in [ʔɕ], which is realized as /jj/. It also appears in [dʰʔ] /dd/, [sʰʔ] /ss/, and others
    • [ j ] appears after [ i ] when [ i ] / ï / is immediately followed by a vowel sound
    • [ɕ] appears in [dɕ] /j/ and [ʔɕ] /jj/
  • All other double consonants existent in the orthography are representative of [(C)ʔ]

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-open
Open a ɑ

Rahturior has exactly ten vowels with very little deviation. Although it may not be linguistically "sound", Rahturior officially teaches speakers that it has five vowels with two separate variants each, thus adding to ten. Rahturior distinguishes the two sets of vowels by calling one set "weak" and the other set "strong". The divide is based on the effort it requires to pronounce the vowel--weak vowels are considered to be easier to pronounce than strong ones. The Latinized orthography of Rahturior reflects this via the use of diaereses--an /a/ with no diaereses ("weak" a) is pronounced [a], while an /a/ with diaereses ("strong" ä) is pronounced [ɑ].

"Weak" VowelsEdit

  • /a/ - [a]
  • /e/ - [e]
  • /i/ - [ɪ]
  • /o/ - [o]
  • /u/ - [ʊ]

"Strong" VowelsEdit

  • /ä/ - [ɑ]
  • /ë/ - [ɛ]
  • / ï / - [i]
  • /ö/ - [ɔ]
  • /ü/ - [u]

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

Other TextEdit

This section is here to display how Rahturior looks on the whole. Glosses will eventually be provided.

The following text here was written to be a sarcastic welcome to visitors on Ultimate Ridley's deviantART page, including pre-installed glosses of (intentionally) poor quality. It also has proper translations into Rekualn and Galrantior.

==Ni'rë tï lërkëc mäsï! Kuäe onekti ruran dal retin tï gï hgülam, onekti lukü rao retacä jïka, tös cerköt gï avim! Onekti gï retacä hmä gilk dün'ikaräk ran.

Fölsï, sëse ruŋän, "Kül gësa gï hgülam?" Av... onëklö! Suelk rëtuintor tï rei, cëm rujümsan gï hgülam tï retvämca gügil, onekti des ruäkksan mla senlë dëggas.

Kïrs nu hïde ada rulënkoro tï lërkëc mäsï!

Hi welcome to profile mine! Maybe not you know how read to this message, not important your language native, but will be that fine! Not that language any would child of ikarak know.

Possible, you asking, "What significance this message?" Happy... nothing! Should I tell to you, if you translate this message to translator Google, not will you receive any one relevance.

Gratitude of great because you came to profile mine!

Hello and welcome to my profile! You probably do not understand this, regardless of your native language, but that's fine! This is not any language a human would know.

You may be asking, "What's the point of this message?" Well... nothing! I should also let you know that putting this into Google Translate will get you nothing.

Thank you for visiting my profile!==

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