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Randesian
Randésão
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nom-Acc
Head direction
right
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Randesian is an insular-Romance language spoken by around 10 million inhabitants of Randesia, an island-nation off the coast of Portugal in western Europe. The language is closely related to Kenitran and Samaran, and also related to Spanish, Latin en Italian. 

Interesting features are: 

- Strong palatalisation

- Many conjugations

- Vowel closing

- Cases


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial

Labio-dental

Dental

Alveolar

Post-alveolar

Retroflex

Palatal

Velar

Uvular

Pharyngeal

Epiglottal

Glottal

Nasal

m

n

ɲ

Plosive

p

ɟ

k g

ʔ

Fricative

β

f v

θ ð

s

ʃʒ

χ

ħ

h

Affricate

t͡ʃ d͡ʒ

Approximant

j

Trill

r

R

Flap or tap

Lateral fric.

Lateral app.

l

Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front

Near-front

Central

Near-back

Back

Close

i

u

Near-close

Close-mid

e

o

Mid

ə

Open-mid

Near-open

æ

Open

a

AlphabetEdit

Alphabet (since 1976)

Letter

Name

IPA

Example

A, a 

alfa

[ä] [a] [æ]

B, b

batá

[β]

C, c

cosú

[k] [θ]

Ch, ch

charra

[t͡ʃ]

D, d

domu

[ð]

E, e

eta

[e] [ə] [i]

F, f

fala

[f]

H, h

hazua

[g] [h] [ʔ]

J, j

jozu

[h] [χ] [ʒ]

L, l

lãuda

[l]

M, m

mazua

[m]

N, n

nazua

[n]

O, o

oméhua

[o] [ə]

P, p

pazua

[p]

Q, q

quaša

[k]

R, r

ruó

[r] [R]

S, s

sejma

[s]

T, t

tãu

[t]

U, u

ucha

[u]

V, v

vazua

[v] [β]

X, x

[χ] [h]

Y, y

ysãoza

[i] [j]

Z, z

zeta

[θ]

Consonant diacritics

Letter

Name

IPA

Example

Č, č

čeruza

[c], [θj]

Ď, đ

đeruza

[ðj]

Ħ, ħ

ħeruza

[ħ]

Ł, ł

łeruza

[lj]

Ň, ň

ňeruza

[ɲ]

Ř, ř

řeruza

[rj]

Š,š

šeruza

[ʃ]

Ž, ž

žeruza

[ɟ] [θj]

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes No No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Randesian
1Ieýu / eýa
2you (singular)tu / ta
3heus
4wenosus / nosâ
5you (plural)tus / tâ
6theyusus / usâ
7thisešu / eša / eše
8thatecu / eca / ece
9hereaquý
10thereały
11whoquésu / quésa
12whatqué
13wherequóche
14whencuamu
15howcomu
16notňeze
17alldodus / dodâ / dodés
18manybluřeus / bluřeâ / bluřês
19somebõučeus / bõučeâ / bõučês
20fewbõučeus / bõučeâ / bõučês
21otherótřeu / ótřea / ótřê
22oneunu
23two
24threedre
25fourcuatru
26fivečeqúe
27bigmajenu / majena / majene
28longsuchu / sucha / suche
29widedameru / damera / damere
30thickherózu / heróza / heróze
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanmułera
37man (adult male)huméu
38man (human being)huméu
39childbambenu
40wifemadura
41husbandpechazu
42mothermatru
43fatherbatru
44animalanemále
45fishbesce
46birdave
47dogcane
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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