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Ranvqua

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Ranvqua
'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ranvqua is loosely based on a mixture of Cherokee and English, and is used as a language in the novel, Keeping Leaves.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive d g q
Fricative s
Affricate ds
Approximant w
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Note: the letter v is used as a vowel; it's pronounced as "uh," such as in the word gut, but it's nasalized.

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e o
Open-mid v
Near-open
Open a

AlphabetEdit

Aa Dd Ee Gg Hh Ii Mm Nn Oo Qq Rr Ss Uu Vv Ww

PhonotacticsEdit

Dipthongs are only acceptable after the letters qu. Examples are qua, que, qui, quo, quu, quv.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns are made plural by adding the prefix ra-.

VerbsEdit

Verbs are conjugated with both prefixes and suffixes.

Prefixes are used to indicate the doer:

  • The prefix for hv is g- or ge-, depending on whether the verb begins with a vowel or consonant.
  • For nihi it's h- or he-.
  • For arv the verb is left unchanged.

Suffixes are used to indicate past, present, future, or a command.

  • Present: -nv or -env (again, use depends on the ending letter of the verb).
  • Past: -rv or -erv.
  • Future: -gv or -egv.
  • Command: the verb is left unchanged.

Examples:

  • I will eat fish. Hv gisa gidugv.
  • You went home. Nihi homv hequomerv.
  • They carry the animals. Arv raquidv quarinv.
  • Look! Si!

SyntaxEdit

If it's a sentance that just describes or identifies something, there doesn't need to be a verb. For example:

  • They are beautiful. Arv hewudi.
  • You are my family. Nihi gamiro.

For more complex sentences, the order is SOV (subject-object-verb).

  • I eat bread. Hv reda gidunv.

VocabularyEdit

English

Ranvqua

above

 ahowe

after

 agede

air

 eru

alive

 ariwa

and

 are

around

 arawo

ask

 asv

beautiful

 hewudi

because

 dequasv

before

 weho

bird

 dervda

birth

 girv

boat

 hoda

body

 doda

bread

 reda

but

 nu

care

 quare

carry

 quari

cat

 quado

cause

 quasv

change

 dsanv

clean

 quina

color

 quoro

come

 quome

container

 quodanvra

copulate

 quodura

creature

 quidv

do

 do

down

 dowe

drink

 dinv

during

 duri

eat

 idu

egg

 egv

emotion

 emodo

face

 hasu

family

 gamiro

fear

 hena

few

 gewo

fire

 gira

fish

 gisa

food

 hudv

fowl

 howa

free

hira

fruit

 gudo

give

 giwv

good

 guda

grain

 ganv

grass

 gasv

hand

 hanv

harmony

 haromi

have

 hawv

help

 herv

here

 hia

home

 homv

hurt

 hura

illness

 irvne

insect

 esequa

inside

 iniside

know

 nowv

language

 ranvqua

leaf

 reha

like

 riqua

love

 rowv

make

 maque

many

 manv

menstruate

 menasuwa

mineral

 minera

moon

 muno

mountain

 modanoda

move

 mowi

never

 nawe

no

 da

now

 nowa

object

 ogequa

old

 orv

one

 wanv

or

 oru

outside

 awudise

parent

 nera

path

 sahu

person

 deso

place

 gase

plant

 drande

remember

 remene

river

 riwo

safe

 sahv

see

 si

sky

 qui

sleep

 svdi

slow

 dso

small

 sarv

soft

 sohu

soil

 sori

song

 sogv

sound

 sona

speak

 sdiqua

star

 dsara

stone

 doni

strong

 sduranv

sun

 sunv

thing

 dsinv

thirst

 diso

through

 duro

time

 dime

tired

 diro

tool

 durv

under

 uneda

understand

 vdesdanv

up

 unv

want

 wadv

warm

 waru

water

 waderv

weather

 wedaru

wet

 wedv

with

widv

work

 woquo

Example text

Radeso hira girvrv. Arv vdesadanv hawvegv are arv guda widv radeso.

All human beings are born free. They are endowed with reason and act honorably towards others.

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