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Reneoneca

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Reneonese
'
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Reneonese is the language of Reneon, a kingdom in western Andalucia. It is a romance language, one with no close relatives. (though some believe it to be related to nabouring Xanionic language spoken west of Reneon.) It is influenced by Spanish Mozarabic, Arabic, & in recent years by Cree & Japanese. It is a language spoken by people of a great sea trade & fishing tradition, though citrus farming is the society's chief export. The language is devided into many dialects varying from consevative inland varieties & innovative coastal ones. In the south, otaku & gaming cultures are popular.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p t k
Voiced Plosive b d g
Fricative f th s sh h
Voiced Fricative v
Affricate ts c x
Rhotic r
Approximant l j

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e o
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a

AlphabetEdit

A B C 'C' D E F G H I J L M N O P R S T U V X

"C" makes an s sound before e & i, & a k sound anywhere else.

"G" makes a c sound before e & i, & a g sound anywhere else.

The sound sh is written as "Sh".

The sound th is written "TH".

The additional letter between C & D is a c with a cedilla underneath it. I don't know how to type this letter so I'l just use 'c' for this simble, regardless of capitalization. It makes the s sound. It is used only in words from latin that where written with a c. The key difference from "C" in it's use. 'c' is only used before any letter aside from e & i. Reneonese has the following diphthongs, ei, ai, & ao.

J cannot be followed by e or i.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VerbsEdit

Verbs have 3 moods (indicative, imperative, & subjunctive), 6 tenses (present, imperfect, future, perfect, future perfect, & past), & two voices (active & passive).

The past tense form is borrowed from Spanish.

Active Indicative

Passive Indicative Active Imperative Passive Imperative Active Subjunctive Passive Subjunctive
Present -o -oj -a -ari -en -ej
Imperfect -athan -athaj -aren -arej
Future -atho -athoj -ato -atoj
Pefect -avi -atso -arvi -atsi
Future Perfect -arvo -atsej -arven -athej
Past -odo -ojdo -endo -ejdo











NounsEdit

Nouns have four cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, & locative), two numbers (singular & plural). Nouns have 5 declensions. In southern dialects, plural forms are used sparingly. The 1st declension is used for words that end with a. The Second is for those that end with o. The Third is for those that end in anything else except s. The fourth is for s. & the fifth is for human beings ( The only part that declines by gender)

1 Declension (A) Singular Neuter Plural Neuter
Nominative -a -aj
Accusative -am -as
Genitive -ej -aron
Locative -ej -is
2 Declension (O) Singular Neuter Plural Neuter
Nominative -om -a
Accusative -om -a
Genitive -i -oron
Locative -i -is

3 Declension (X)

Singular Neuter Plural Neuter
Nominative -s/-es -ija
Accusative -s/-es -ija
Genitive -is -ijon
Locative -i -ithos

4 Declension (S)

Singular Neuter Plural Neuter
Nominative -o -oa
Accusative -o -oa
Genitive -os -on
Locative -os -ithos
5 Declension (G) Singular Masculine Plural Masculine Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Nominative -ao -ajo -a -aja
Accusative -an -as -ana -asa
Genitive -ajo -aron -aja -arona
Locative -ajo -is -aja -isa





















Personal PronounsEdit

Pronouns have three genders, three persons, & two numbers.

First Person Singular First Person Plural Second Person Singular Second Person Plural Third Person Singular Third Person Plural
Masculine ho nos to vi sa ir
Feminine ho nos tua via em ' 'ai
Neuter ho nos to or tua vi or via ed ao

Demonstative PrononusEdit

There are three demonstratives, each have only three genders & two numbers.

Demonstrative Type Masculine Sinular Masculine Plural Feminine Singular Feminine Plural Neuter Singular Neuter Plural
Proximal (This, This One) ica i aca ai oca eca
Distal (That, That one) iri iril ila ilai irit ela
Medial (That Of Yours) ese esi esa esai esta eso

Other PronounsEdit

Who - Gve

What - Gved

Itself - Ixon

Themselves - Ixa

That - Gva

ArticlesEdit

Definite Singular Definite Plural Indefinite Singular Indefinite Plural
Masculine lo los uno unos
Feminine la las une unas
Neuter li les uni unes

NumeralsEdit

Cardinal - Unos/Unas, Dovo, Trisa, Vatro, Vinva, Sissa, Sita, Otto, Nova, Dica

Ordinal - Prima, Scunda, Thertia.

AdjectivesEdit

Reneonese adjectives have the unusually feature of having moods. There are three moods, imperative, indicative, & subjunctive. It is generally believed that these moods are the result with contact with the Japanese. Adjectives also have three cases (nominative, ablative, & special), three genders, & two numbers, as well as a comparative & superlative form.

Masculine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Singular Feminine Plural Neuter Singular Neuter Plural
Nominative -a -ei -o -ai -ao -an
Ablative -ol -im -as -in -ot -it
Special -uno -orans -ane -arans unai -irons

Mood is incerted between the suffix & the root word.

Imperative - -ep-

Indicative - -et-

Subjunctive - -it-

The comparative & the superlative takes the form of a prefix.

Comparative - tai-

Superlative - no-

The Word EdenaEdit

The word edena means same.

Masculine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Singular Feminine Plural Neuter Singular Neuter Plural
Nominative edena edenas jadena jadenas edeno jedeno
Ablative jodena esadena jadeno isadena jedena jasadena
Special osadena osendena osandena osondena aosidena orundena

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs are identified by a prefix, -ere, at the end of adjectivies. The same Comparative & Superlative prefixes for adjectives are used for adverbs.

Syntax/Word OrderEdit

Reneonese is verb final, often being head final too. But for the most part, word order is free, though many speakers make SOV tendencies.

These word order features have been compared with Japanese.

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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