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Reskwai
RESKWAI
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio- dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio- velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ <ñy> ŋ <ñ/ñq> ŋw <ñw>
Plosive p b t d c ɟ <c j> k g kw gw ʔ <'>

Prenasalized Plosive

mp mb nt nd ɲc ɲj <ñc ñj> ŋk ŋg <ñk ñg> ŋkw ŋgw <ñkw ñgw>
Presibilantized Plosive sp st sc sk skw
Fricative ~ Approximant f v~ʋ <f v> θ ð <th dh> s z ç ʝ~j <x y> x ɣ~ɰ <h q> xw ɣw~w <xw w>
Trill r <rr>
Flap or tap ɾ <r>
Lateral app. l ʎ <ly>
  1. voiced fricatives are approximants when between vowels but not at the begining of the word
  • velar nasal can be writen ñ or ñq
  • if posible, nasals and dental fricatives have to be writen as in IPA
  • the ñ in any nasal or prenasalized consonant can be writen as n for simplification, in wich case, velar nasal is writen nq.
  • when glottal stop is the first letter of the word, the ' is not writed but still pronounced

VowelsEdit

Front Middle Back
Close i ï u
Mid e̞ <e> ë o̞ <o>
Open a~ä~ɑ <a>
  1. /a/ is pronounced [ɑ] in back-falling diphtongs and after a labio-velar consonant, and [a] in front-falling diphtongs and after a palatal consonant, [ä] elsewhere

Diphtongs: there are ony falling diphtongs

Front-falling Back-falling
Close uj <ui> iw <iu>
Mid e̞j ëj o̞j <ei ëi oi> e̞w ëw o̞w <eu ëu ou>
Open aj <ai> ɑw <au>
  • front-falling diphtongs can't be after a palatal consonant, in the same syllable
  • back-falling diphtongs can't be after a labio-velar consonant, in the same syllable
  • ai is pronounces [äj] in labio-velar syllables; au is pronounced [äw] in palatal syllables

AlphabetEdit

Reskwai alphabet:

A M P B F V E N T D Θ Δ I R L Ë Ï Ŋ K G H Q O Ɲ C J X Y U W S Z

a m p b f v e n t d θ ð i r l ë ï ŋ k g h q o ɲ c j x y u w s z

Latin alphabet mode:

A M P B F V E N T D TH DH I R L Ë Ï Ñ K G H Q O C J X Y U W S Z

a m p b f v e n t d th dh i r l ë ï ñ k g h q o c j x y u w s z

Uppercase is used to write foreign words and proper names only, writing the whole word in uppercase.

Punctuation marks:

Begin and end of paragraph

End of sentence

Exclamation Question
: colon . period ¡ ! exclamation mark ¿ ? question mark
  • exclamation and question marks are set at the begin and end of the sentence deeper than the colon/period marks:

: this is a sentence . this is another one . ¡this is also one! :

: ¿is this other paragraph? :

PhonotacticsEdit

The syllable structure is very simple: CV. Words can have up to three syllables.

C can be any consonant, and V can be a vowel or a diphtong

  • mono-syllabic words can't have prenasalized or presibilantized consonants

StressEdit

Stressed syllable is determined by the weight of syllables. The heavier syllables is stressed.

The weight is determined by the consonant and the presence/absence of diphtong:

Weight level Manner of articulation
5 prenasalized stops
4 presibilantized stops
3 plosives
2 nasals
1 fricatives, liquids r, rr, l and ly
0 no consonant (glottal stop)
  • if the syllable has a diphtong, its weight is increased by 2 if front-falling or 1 if back-falling
  • if more than one are the syllables with the highests weight level, the one that has a front vowel is stressed; if two or more have front vowel the last of them is stressed

If stressed syllable is not the last in the word, its vowel has a circunflex ^ on it for easier read. ë and ï are writen í and é respectively.

Examples:

  • stress in last syllable: wiju [wi.ɟu'], reskwai [ɾe.skwaj'], ŋwoju [ŋwo.ɟu']
  • stress not in last syllable: ŋwîfu [ŋwi'.fu], ɲâxe [ɲa'.çe], ŋkwé'e [ŋkwë'.ʔe]

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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