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Resnish

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Resnish
Resnisce Sprake
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative/Accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Resnish is a Germanic conlang. Most of my work goes here but this page will be kept up to date.

General informationEdit

The Resnish Language is my attempt at making a somewhat unconvuluted (as in there aren't 56,391 cases), constant, yet also reasonably complex language. It is fusional, has a mostly Germanic vocabulary (but many words are derived different than how other Germanic languages do so).

Some useless features:

  • It has a high amount of word-fusing and who doesn't like that? Every class in Resnish save for pronouns is an open class, which means even adverbs and prepositions are subject to making new words.
  • Each noun has a functional potential augmentive and diminutive form, which can in some cases completely change the meaning.
  • Verbs get a high amount of prefixes such as "ga-", "lë-", "be-", etc. which each change the function of verbs by making it passive, causative or the like.
  • Adjectives do not decline to match the noun, but they can be inflected, or also fitted with prefixes to change the precise meaning.

AlphabetEdit

Phonology-RES

The alphabet of resnish has 27 letters. Its 5 vowels each have umlauted counterparts, and resnish lacks the letters q, v, x, and y.

Here is the full alphabet:

a, ä, b, c, d, e, ë, f, g, h, i, ï, j, k, l, m, n, o, ö, p, r, s, t, u, ü, w, z

Some diagraphs are also common:


Resnish Diagraph IPA English Example
sc ʃ sh (ship)
ej ai i (hi)
ch x ch (loch)
th θ th (think)

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns inflect to the nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, instrumental, and locative cases. They also have 3 numbers, singular, pausal (a few), and plural (many). Each of the three genders decline in different ways.

CasesEdit

The cases are used in the following way:

  • Nominative is the subject
  • Accusative is the direct object or the object of movement verbs
  • Dative is the indirect object and comes after many non locative prepositions
  • Genitive shows ownership and usually requires another noun to attach to
  • Instrumental is used for showing with what the action was done. It can also be used as a causal case
  • Locative shows where something is and all locational prepositions use it, unless movement is shown, in that case accusative is used.
Gender Nomanative Accusative Dative Genitive Instrumental Locative
Masculine (de Maner/man) Maner Manere Manern Maners Manerm Manerum
Neutral (de Wate/water) Wate Waten Watene Wates Watem Wateum
Feminine (de Fruin/woman) Fruin Fruine Fruinen Fruins Fruinem Fruinum

VerbsEdit

note: porting this to this site is WIP. it is however finished here.

Mood 1S 1P 2S 2P 3S 3PAU 3P
Present mak maken makst maket maketh makt maken
Past
Conditional
Imperative

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Resnish has more than 1000 words, most of which are derived from a very tiny section of roots. A full dictionary can be found here, and here are a few important words.

Top 10 Most Common Words
Resnish English
isc i
de the or it
is is
ju you
nit not
den the (accusative)
än and
ene a/an
em am
wen if
People
Resnish English
Mensce human
Föther father
Muthin mother
Sesstin sister
Brüther brother
Maner man
Fruin woman
Knawer boy
Knawin girl
Werkïrer worker
Etmaker farmer
Kïner king

Example textEdit


1st UDHR Article

Ärez Menscez gaberen lïber än klisc, Wertheum än Rïsctesum. Ïnz hawen Fornufen än Tängen änso scolen ïnz enandren brütherik ochten. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

The Lord's Prayer

Osene Föther, Himleum.

Therfeth jene Name gawären.

Therfeth jene Kïnerslane komen.

Therfeth jene Wüle gatären, Ärtheum än Himleum.

Kïwt onse osenen Takesproten.

Än forkïwt ons osenens Sculens, wïr onse selwene.

Än lätet ons nit zon Wülen, dök forlïbert ons.

Wäl de Kïnerslane jïl is, de Makte, de Sïke.

Äwik, ämen.

Our Father in heaven,

May your name be honored.

May your kingdom come.

May your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us today our daily bread;

And forgive us our debts, as we ourselves have forgiven our debtors.

And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

For yours is the kingdom, the power, and the glory

Forever, amen.

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