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Revasthoro

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Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No Yes Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

 

Revasthoro
revasthoro
Type
agglutinative
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Revasthoro is a logic-based language created to showcase a never-before-seen grammatical structure.  This stucture is based purely in simplicity, elegance, and ease of speech.  Because it is based in logic instead of linguistics, when attempting to learn, please let go of all previous knowledge of languages and start anew.  SInce all parts of the language have been made to fit this structure even the vocabulary will be difficult to fully grasp unless you forget everything you know about how words interact with eachother.  Other that this small warning, enjoy yourself.  This language is very original and I hope it renews or reinforces your love of language as well as gives you a new way to look at languages.  Good luck and if you get caught, I would advise trying to further remove yourself from anything not in this text.  Be a child, embrace your inner curiosity and creativity.  [peace to you]

PhonologyEdit

Every language needs some type of method of communication by which people can pass ideas, descriptions, etc.  The easiest of these methods is writing and speaking.  So to start, we need to establish the most basic unit in both of these methods, sounds and their equivalents letters.  Being based on logic, what are we looking for in our most basic units.  Well, we are looking for simplicity and constructability.  We want sounds that are simple to speak, we want letters that are easy to write and differentiate between, both the script and the phonology should follow a simple system, and we want both the sounds and letters to be simple to combine for word formation.  Unlike many other languages including the one you are reading right now have many letters that can represent multiple sounds and combinations that change pronunciation, making spelling and word formation much more difficult than necessary.  To avoid this, we will make a system in which the sounds a letter represents never change.  If you see a letter, it is pronounced exactly as it would be no matter where it is found.  So when going through the phonology, pay close attention to what sound each letter makes and refer back to the correct pronunciation often to avoid mispronouncing words.

letter examples notes
k: cat - actor - back
g: guilt - again - egg always hard
t: torn - ate - beget
d: day - adore - head
p: pay - appear - ape
b: bat - able - cub
sh: shut - ashes - hush ch= t+sh
zh: genre - gauge - cage think first sound in "genre"
s: sat - recess - ace
z: zoo - hazel - ease
th: think - ether - thumb think: three vs. thee
th': the - either - there think: thee vs. three
f: fun - after - deaf
v: van - even - cave
n: name - any - pen
m: man - yummy - gem
y: yes - yeti - you only used when diphthong not possible
w: we - way - want only used when diphthong not possible
h: help - hat - tahoe
l: lay - lake - like always clear (spanish)
r: caro - ser - cargar always tapped (spanish) (not trilled)
i: eat - read - happy
o: oat - hope - ago
u: uber - boot - grew when at start of words you don't add "y"
e: end - hen - lead
a: ought - on - father
#: under - honey - gum (schwa sound)


ConsonantsEdit

All consonants are grouped by place of articulation and closure.  Place of articulation simply means where the sound is created.  For all serious linguists, I know that I am not using the official names and I know that not all of be grouped together under the generic chart.  For non-linguists, just know that "back" consonants are produced near the back of the mouth, "middle" consonants are produced in the middle of the mouth, "dental" consonants are produced using the teeth, and "front" consonants are made using the lips.  Again don't take this too seriously, it isn't an exact place of sound creation but just a region of articulation used to group some similar sounds.  Closure is just defined as how much the airflow is restricted when making the designated sound.  Closed consonants simply means that the airflow is stopped (basically you can't make these sounds for very long).  Open consonants are the opposite, these sounds are much less restricted (basically you can make these sounds until you run out of breath).  Semi-vowels are much like "open" consonants except they are more similar to vowels and most can be found in the sounds of a vowel or diphthong.  And vowels are sounds with unrestricted airflow (that's what a vowel is).  Don't read to much into this stuff it's just a way of grouping sounds.  All consonants are found in this grid in the order: unvoiced - voiced - (nasal).  Voiced vs. unvoiced is like the difference between humming and whispering and nasal consonants include airflow through the nose as well as the mouth.  Ex. "f" is unvoiced because the vocal cords are not vibrating (it sounds like whispering) - "v" is created in the same place and is also "open" but it is voiced and thus the vocal cords are vibrating (sounds like humming) - and "m" is also created in the same region and is also open but there is airflow through the nose so it is nasal.

back middle dental front
closed --- k g t d p b
open sh zh s z th th' (n) f v (m)


VowelsEdit

Vowels are also grouped by place of articulation and closure.  They are classified either front middle or back for place of articulation.  Just like consontants, the "back" vowels are created in the back of the mouth, "middle" in the middle, and "front in the front.  A vowel can either be open or closed as far as closure.  This is just the difference whether the sound ends in a "y" or "w" sound or an "h" sound.  If you pronounce a "open" vowel and trail off continuing the sound it will stop being the vowel and start being the "y" or "w" semivowel.  Try pronouncing the "i" sound, say the word "eek!"  If you prolong the first phoneme in this word all you are really doing is pronouncing "y" and holding it.  The "o" and "u" sounds trail off into a "w" sound.  Likewise, all closed vowels trail off into an "h" for example, the "a" in father trails of into a long "h" sound.  Note that closed vowels are not like closed consonants which cannot be pronounced for extented periods of time it is just a classification.  The following chart shows the vowels in their respective categories.

back middle front
closed but (#) bot (a) bet (e)
open boot (u) boat (o) beat (i)



Semivowels:Edit

Semivowels are not quite consonants not quite vowels but as the name suggests they can act as both.  Most people don't know that "l" and "r" can actually act as a vowel.  An example would be the word "bubble" no one actually says bubble with a true vowel in the last syllable -bubbul- we all say -bubbl- the vowel is the "l"  


Alphabet

back middle dental front
closed con. --- k g t d p b
vow. #  -h- a  -h- -r-  -l- e  -h-
open con. sh zh s z th th' (n) f v (m)
vow. u  -w- o  -w- --- i  -y-

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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