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| RogalDorn229's proto-language |
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
Proto-Skirithic is a language that was spoken by the peoples who inhabited the Skirithaya plains. Often referred to as Old Skirithic or just Skirithic, Skirithic was split into five dialect groups: North Skirithic; Central Skirithic; West Skirithic; North West Skirithic and Far West Skirithic. Through these various dialects, Proto-Skirithic would eventually give rise to the Skirithic language group, the most prevelent among these languages being those descended from North Skirithic(Arkathian, Jurakki and Farzhani).
|high||i y||ɯ u|
|low-mid||ɛ œ||ʌ ɔ|
mini-chellange : add vowel harmony
neutral (3) rising (35) falling (42) strong rising (15) strong falling (51)
(C)V, where C is any consonant and V is any vowel. multiple proceeding vowels tend to glide up to pairs of 3, if more than three there will be an hiatus every 3 vowels.
timing and stressEdit
The timing is syllable timed (each syllable is 'about' as long as every other syllabel), and the stress is always on the second syllable of a word.
Proto-Skirithic has 4 genders, masculine, feminine, neuter and undetermined. The masculine and feminine are used when the subject of the verb is clearly one of those two genders, and to indicate the gender which the verb is taking, a prefix is added, -Êss for masculine and -Is for feminine. When the subject has no gender, the verb takes the neuter, for which no prefix is added. If the gender of a subject is not known, the undetermined is used, having the prefix -Na added to the begining of the word.
Proto-Skirithic uses 5 cases, the nominative, accusative, genetive, dative and locative. In proto-skirithic, nouns decline based on case and their stem.
Nominative: In Proto-Skirithic, the nominative is used to indicate the subject of the finite verb.
Accusative: In Proto-Skirithic, the accusative is used to indicate the object of the verb.
Genitive: In Proto-Skirithic, the genitive is used to indicate possession.
Locative: In Proto-Skirithic, the locative case is taken when a subject or object is being located.
In Proto-Skirithic, nouns decline based upon the stem they come from, although in some dialects they also decline based on the gender they are obliged to take.
1st declension, -i stem(e.g. fulyi, -)
The Gender of Nouns Edit
In Proto-Skirithic, the noun must agree in gender and number with the finite verb and take the corresponding prefix and ending.
In Proto-Skirithic, there are three verb groups(-Ak, -Tun, -Ana) and three sub verb groups(Strong, Intermediate and Weak). Verbs are conjugated depending on their ending and which of the three sub verb groups they belong to.
-AK VERB GROUP
Strong verbs(e.g. Kayanak, to ride) Intermediate verbs(e.g. Varak, to dance)
1st person: Kayana/ -atho 1st person: Varakay/-ayas
2nd person: Kayanam/-ath 2nd person: Varakays/-ams
3rd person: Kayanass/-aii 3rd person: Varakaya/-ar
Weak verbs(e.g. Sualak, to love)
1st person: Sualash/-ashus
2nd person: Sualaf/-afor
3rd person: Sualafa/-ashan
-TUN VERB GROUP
Strong verbs(e.g. Fasstun) Intermediate verbs(e.g, Najatun)
1st person: Fassu/-uth 1st person: Najaka/-akal
2nd person:Fassum/-uthan 2nd person: Najam/-amal
3rd person: Fassull/-ula 3rd person: Najaf/-fa
Weak verbs(e.g. Gatun)
1st person: Gava/-vay
3rd person: Ga'f'au/-faun -ANA VERB GROUP
Strong verbs(e.g. Furana) Intermediate verbs(e.g. Burkana)
1st person: Furi/-is 1st person: Burko/-ano
2nd person:Furim/-ith 2nd person:Burkos/-anos
3rd person: Furin/-ithi 3rd person: Burkoth/-anoth
Weak verbs(e.g. Fraskana)
1st person: Fraskuy/-uyos
3rd person: Fraskoy/-oyam
In most of the languages descended from Skirithic, the Intermediate was merged with the Strong verbs(with the exception of Farzhani which keeps an intermediate to this day).
Proto-Skirithic sentence structure is VSO.
In Proto-Skirithic, negation is indicated by using the word Mal, declined to agree with what it is supposed to be negating.
Koanak. Strong -ak verb meaning to ride.
Varak. Intermediate -ak verb meaning to dance.
Sualak. Weak -ak verb meaning to love.
Zuli, -iak. -i stem noun meaning hill.
Oki, -iak. -i stem noun meaning metal.
Fulji, -iak. -i stem noun meaning lord or leader.
brêgi, -iak. -i stem noun meaning horse.
Juraka. -a stem noun meaning death(as a concept).
Kosol. -l stem noun meaning child.
Sal. -l stem noun meaning hero or man of great renown.
Haskal. -l stem noun meaning evil.
Sikil. -l stem noun meaning foreigner or stranger.
Holfol. -l stem noun meaning slave child or child who is a slave.
Faa. -a stem noun meaning iron.
Forma. -a stem noun meaning house, home, tent or residence.
Naikoainaiss naizulin vuzaineeg uzii zuliaihii naibreygil, naifunioy, naibreygin zaiyin haishkin if naifunioy naibreygin eyssmarakin. Naishinaiyai naizulin naibreygil naigolai shuyai, eyssburkoth eyssmairaiki naikoainais naibreygil.
Translation: On a hill a hairless sheep saw horses, a horse who carried a big weight and a horse who carried a man. The sheep said to the horses "My soul is hurt to see a man leading horses.