Fandom

Conlang

Sã/Phonological Changes

<

3,197articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

ConsonantsEdit

InitialEdit

Sangi Initial Before [u] Before [u]+V Before [i]/[e] Before [r] Before [j]/[i]/[e]+V Before [a] Before [o]
[p] [p] [pu] [pu]V [pi/e] [b] [pj/i/e]V [pa] [po]
[b] [b] [bu] [bu]V [bj/i/e] [br] [bi/e]V [ba] [bo]
[t] [t] [tu] [tu]V [tsi/e] [d] [ts]V [ta] [to]
[d] [d] [du] [du]V [dzi/e] [d] [dz]V [da] [do]
[c] [ʃ] [ʃu] [ʃu]V [ʃi/e] [ʃr] [ʃj/i/e]V [ʃa] [ʃo]
[ɟ] [ʒ] [ʒu] [ʒu]V [ʒi/e] [ʒr] [ʒj/i/e]V [ʒa] [ʒo]
[k] [k] [ku] [ku]V [tʃi/e] [g] [tʃ]V [ka] [ko]
[g] [g] [gu] [gu]V [dʒi/e] [gr] [dʒ]V [ga] [go]
[m̥] [m] [mu] [mu]V [mi/e] [mr] [mj/i/e]V [wo] [wa]
[m] [m] [mu] [mu]V [mi/e] [mr] [mj/i/e]V [mo] [ma]
[n̥] [n] [nu] [nu]V [ni/e] [nr] [nj/i/e]V [no] [na]
[n] [n] [nu] [nu]V [ni/e] [nr] [nj/i/e]V [no] [na]
[ɲ̊] [ɲ] [ɲu] [ɲu]V [ni/e] [ɲr] [n]V [ɲo] [ɲa]
[ɲ] [ɲ] [ɲu] [ɲu]V [ni/e] [ɲr] [n]V [ɲo] [ɲa]
[ŋ̊] [k] [ku] [ku]V [gi/e] [kr] [g]V [ko] [ka]
[ŋ] [ŋ] [ŋu] [ŋu]V [ŋi/e] [ŋr] [ŋj/i/e]V [ŋo] [ŋa]
[f] [h] [hu] [hu]V [hi/e] [hr] [hj/i/e]V [ho] [ha]
[v] [ɦ] [ɦu] [ɦu]V [ɦi/e] [ɦr] [ɦj/i/e]V [ɦo] [ɦa]
[θ] [s] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [sr] [ʃ]V [so] [sa]
[ð] [z] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [zr] [ʃ]V [zo] [za]
[s] [s] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [sr] [ʃ]V [so] [sa]
[z] [z] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [zr] [ʃ]V [zo] [za]
[ʃ] [ʃ] [sku] [sk]V [ski/e] [ʃr] [sk]V [ʃo] [ʃa]
[ʒ] [ʒ] [sku] [sk]V [ski/e] [ʒr] [sk]V [ʒo] [ʒa]
[tʃ] [tʃ] [tʃu] [tʃu]V [ki/e] [tʃr] [k]V [tʃo] [tʃa]
[dʒ] [dʒ] [dʒu] [dʒu]V [g] [dʒr] [g]V [dʒo] [dʒa]
[ɕ] [h] [hu] [hu]V [hi/e] [hr] [hj/i/e]V [ho] [ha]
[ʑ] [ɦ] [ɦu] [ɦu]V [ɦi/e] [ɦr] [ɦj/i/e]V [ɦo] [ɦa]
[ʂ] [sr] [sru] [sru]V [sri/e] [sr] [srj/i/e]V [sro] [sra]
[ʐ] [sr] [sru] [sru]V [sri/e] [sr] [srj/i/e]V [sro] [sra]
[ç] [sr] [sru] [sru]V [sri/e] [sr] [srj/i/e]V [sro] [sra]
[ʝ] [sr] [sru] [sru]V [sri/e] [sr] [srj/i/e]V [sro] [sra]
[çc] [str] [stru] [stru]V [stri/e] [str] [strj/i/e]V [stro] [stra]
[ʝɟ] [str] [stru] [stru]V [stri/e] [str] [strj/i/e]V [stro] [stra]
[x] [h] [hu] [hu]V [hi/e] [hr] [hj/i/e]V [ho] [ha]
[ɣ] [ɦ] [ɦu] [ɦu]V [ɦi/e] [ɦr] [ɦj/i/e]V [ɦo] [ɦa]
[h] [Ø] [Øu] [Øu]V [Øi/e] [Ør] [Øj/i/e]V [Øo] [Øa]
[r̥] [r] [ru] [ru]V [ri/e] --- [rj/i/e]V [ro] [ra]
[r] [r] [ru] [ru]V [ri/e] --- [rj/i/e]V [ro] [ra]
[ɽ] [r] [ru] [ru]V [ri/e] --- [rj/i/e]V [ro] [ra]
[ɬ] [l] [lu] [lu]V [li/e] --- [lj/i/e]V [lo] [la]
[l] [l] [lu] [lu]V [li/e] --- [lj/i/e]V [lo] [la]
[ʎ] [l], [lj]V [lju] [lju]V [ji/e] --- [j]V [ljo] [lja]
[w] [w] [u] [u]V [wi/e] --- [wj/i/e]V [o] [wa]
[ʋ] [ʍ] [ʍu] [ʍu]V [ʍi/e] [ʍr] [ʍj/i/e]V [ʍo] [ʍa]
[hj] [x] [xu] [xu]V [xi/e] --- [xi/e]V [xo] [xa]
[j] [j] [ju] [ju]V [i/e] --- [i/e]V [jo] [ja]
[sp] [sp] [spu] [spu]V [spi/e] [spr] [spj/i/e]V [spo] [spa]
[st] [s] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [sr] [ʃ]V [so] [sa]
[sk] [g] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [gr] [ʃ]V [go] [ga]
[ts] [s] [ʃu] [ʃ]V [ʃi/e] [sr] [ʃ]V [so] [sa]

MedialEdit

Sangi General Between 2 Vowels Before [u] Before [u]+V Before [i]/[e] Before [r] Before [i]/[e]+V Before [a] Before [o]
[p] [p] V[p]V [pu] [pu]V [pi/e] [b] [pi/e]V [pa] [po]
[b] [b] V[w]V [bu] [bu]V [bi/e] [br] [bi/e]V [ba] [bo]
[t] [t] V[t]V [tu] [tu]V [tsi/e] [d] [ts]V [ta] [to]
[d] [d] V[d]V [du] [du]V [dzi/e] [dr], V[rr]V [dz]V [da] [do]
[c] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɟ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[k] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[g] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[m̥] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[m] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[n̥] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[n] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɲ̊] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɲ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ŋ̊] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ŋ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[f] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[v] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[θ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ð] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[s] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[z] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʃ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʒ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[tʃ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[dʒ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɕ](i/e) [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʑ](i/e) [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʂ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʐ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ç] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʝ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[çc] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʝɟ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[x](a/o/_#) [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɣ](a/o/_#) [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[h] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[r̥] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[r] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɽ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ɬ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[l] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʎ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[w] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ʋ] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[hj] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[j] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[sp] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[st] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[sk] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[mp] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[mb] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[nt] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[nd] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ns] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ps] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ts] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ks] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[nk] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[ng] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[kt] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]
[pt] [] V[]V [u] [u]V [i/e] [r] [i/e]V [a] [o]

FinalEdit

Sangi Final After V Before final [i]/[e] Before final [u]
[p]
[b]
[t]
[d]
[c]
[ɟ]
[k]
[g]
[m̥]
[m]
[n̥]
[n]
[ɲ̊]
[ɲ]
[ŋ̊]
[ŋ]
[f]
[v]
[θ]
[ð]
[s]
[z]
[ʃ]
[ʒ]
[tʃ]
[dʒ]
[ɕ](i/e)
[ʑ](i/e)
[ʂ]
[ʐ]
[ç]
[ʝ]
[çc]
[ʝɟ]
[x](a/o/_#)
[ɣ](a/o/_#)
[h]
[r̥]
[r]
[ɽ]
[ɬ]
[l]
[ʎ]
[w]
[ʋ]
[hj]
[j]
[sp]
[st]
[sk]
[mp]
[mb]
[nt]
[nd]
[ns]
[ps]
[ts]
[ks]
[nk]
[ng]
[kt]
[pt]

The process C:>C occurs earlier than the vowel affections, which themselves occur before the vowel changes, i.e. changes occur in the order C:>C, CV>CV, V>V. This means that te>tse can become te>tsa assuming the next syllable has an [a] in it or tia>tsa. This makes the [ts] segment phonemic, as is the same with several other conditioned sound changes.

Vowel changesEdit

Vowel changes occur in this order after the consonant changes

Sangi Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3
[i] [i] [i]
[i:] [i:] [i:]
[y] [y] [iu]
[y:] [y:] [iu]
[e] [e] [e] [e](C)[i(:)]>[i](C)[i(:)_#], [e](C)[a]>[a](C)[a_#]
[e:] [e:] [e:] [e:](C)[i(:)]>[i:](C)[i(:)_#], [e:](C)[a(:)]>[a:](C)[a(:)_#]
[œ]/[œ:] [œ] [eu]
[ə] [ə] [_(#)], [VC_CV] [e] [e](C)[i(:)]>[i](C)[i(:)_#], [e](C)[a]>[a](C)[a_#]
[a] [a] [a] [a](C)[e/i_#]>[e](C)[e/i_#]
[a:] [a:] [o] [o](C)[u_#]>[u](C)[u_#]
[u] [u] [u] [u](C)[o/a_#]>[o](C)[o/a_#]
[u:] [u:] [u:] [u:]C[o/a]>[o:]C[o/a]
[ʌ]/[ʌ:] [ʌ] [a] [a]C[e/i]>[e]C{e/i]
[o] [o] [a] [a]C[e/i]>[e]C{e/i]
[o:] [o:] [uo]
[au] [au] [au]
[ou] [ou] [au]
[eu] [eu] [eu]
[iu] [iu] [eu]
[ai] [ai] [ai]
[oi] [oi] [ai]
[ei] [ei] [ie]
[ui] [ui] [iu]

In diphthongs not mentioned above, such as [io], [eo], [ao], etc. if the first vowel is [i] or [e] these become [j]V before stage 1 and affect the consonants which can be affected by [j], such as [t]>[ts] and the the [j] disappears. If the first vowel is [u] or [o] then these become [u]V, if [a] is the first sound then the second one will change, [o] and [u] will become [u], causing a merger between [au] and [ao] before stage 1, and [i] and [e] will merge to [i], forming [ai] before stage one. So:

Sangi Pre-Stage 1
[ae] [ai]
[ao] [au]
[ea] [ja]
[eo] [jo]
[ia] [ja]
[ie] [je]
[io] [jo]
[oa] [ua]
[oe] [ue]
[ua] [ua]
[ue] [ue]
[uo] [uo]


Stage 1 is the time in which the consonants change, before most of the vowel changes, e.g. a word of say structure [tedaki] would first become [tsedatʃ] in Stage 1, then remain [tsedatʃ] in Stage 2, then finally [tsadatʃ] in Stage 3, causing [ts] to become phonemically distinct from [t].

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki