Wikia

Conlang

Sīli

3,208articles on
this wiki
Talk0


Progress 0%
Sīli
sīli
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Nominative-accusative
Head direction
Head-initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The Sīli language (or sometimes: Silian) is spoken by the Sīl people who live on an island in the middle of the Atlantic ocean. The island and its people were only discovered by European sailors in the late 19th century.

Sīli is a highly inflected language that is not related to any language on the entire planet.

PhonologyEdit

VowelsEdit

MonophthongsEdit

Monophthongs
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i: u:
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e: o:
Mid (ə)
Open-mid ɛ ɔ ɔ̃:
Open a a:

Sīli possesses 11 vowels: 10 oral vowels and 1 nasal vowel. The oral vowels are arranged in 5 pairs (each pair has one short and one long vowel):

  • [a] and [a:]
  • [ɛ] and [e:]
  • [ɪ] and [i:]
  • [ɔ] and [o:]
  • [ʊ] and [u:]

The vowel [ə] is sometimes added after words ending in a voiced consonant to make their pronunciation easier but Sīli people do not consider it a "true" vowel.

DiphthongsEdit

Diphthongs
ending in [ɐ̯] ending in [ɪ̯] ending in [ʊ̯]
starting with [a] - aɪ̯ aʊ̯
starting with [a:] - - -
starting with [ɛ] ɛɐ̯ - -
starting with [e:] e:ɐ̯ - -
starting with [ɪ] ɪɐ̯ - -
starting with [i:] i:ɐ̯ - -
starting with [ɔ] ɔɐ̯ ɔɪ̯ ɔʊ̯
starting with [o:] o:ɐ̯ - -
starting with [ɔ̃] - - -
starting with [ʊ] ʊɐ̯ - -
starting with [u:] u:ɐ̯ - -

All diphtongs of Sīli start with an existing monophthong and end in 1 of 3 non-existant monophthongs: [ɐ̯], [ɪ̯] or [ʊ̯].

The nasal vowel cannot form any diphthong.

The vowels [a] and [a:] cannot form a diphthong with [ɐ̯]. All other oral vowels can form diphthongs with [ɐ̯].

Only the vowels [a] and [ɔ] can form diphthongs with [ɪ̯] and [ʊ̯].

ConsonantsEdit

Consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x h
Affricate t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant j
Flap or tap ɾ
Lat. app. l ʎ

All Silian consonants are short. However, since consonant length doesn't matter, consonant length can sometimes be lengthened for various reasons, e. g. comedy, stress, anger (etc.).

StressEdit

The stress of a Silian word is usually on the penultimate syllable. However, if the penultimate contains a short vowel / dipthong and there are long vowels / diphthongs in the word, the stress usually shifts to the first long vowel / diphthong.

PhonotacticsEdit

Phonotactics
Onset Nucleus Coda
- / consonant / cluster Short oral vowel / short diphthong - / consonant / cluster
Long oral vowel / long diphthong
Long nasal vowel -

Silian phonotactics are pretty "easy" - every syllable contains a vowel or diphthong (of some sort) in its nucleus and (optionally) one or more consonants in onset and coda.

The long nasal vowel can only appear in the end of words.

Consonant clusters can be basically any combination of consonants - the only rule is that clusters can contain either only voiced plosives, fricatives and affricates or only voiceless plosives fricatives and affricates.

OrthographyEdit

AlphabetEdit

Alphabet
Letter Sound
a [a]
b [b]
c [t͡ʃ]
ć [d͡ʒ]
d [d]
e [ɛ]
f [f]
g [g]
h [h]
i [ɪ]
j [j]
k [k]
l [l]
ł [ʎ]
m [m]
n [n]
ń [ŋ]
ñ [ɲ]
o [ɔ]
õ [ɔ̃:]
p [p]
r [ɾ]
s [s]
ś [ʃ]
t [t]
u [ʊ]
v [v]
x [x]
z [z]
ź [ʒ]

Sīli doesn't use any capital letters - everything is written lower case letters.

Long vowels are written as the corresponding short vowel letter + a makron (¯).

VerbsEdit

General informationEdit

Verbs are by far the most important - and also complexe - part of speech in Sīli. However, all verbs are regular and follow the same conjugational pattern.

Silian verbs are conjugated for person, number, tense, voice, mood and aspect.

The person, number and voice systems are 100% the same as in English and the tense system differs only slightly. The real problem are the mood and aspect systems which are more complexe and very different from English.

Tenses
Past Present Future
Usage actions in the past actions in the present actions in the future
Moods
Realis Irrealis
Indicative Subjunctive Conditional Inferential Optative Imperative
Usage truth untruth results of a condition indirect speech wishes, hopes ... orders
Aspects
Perfective Imperfective
Usage finished action unfinished action

ConjugationEdit

Verb conjugation
Infinitive
Participle Present Active (always imperfective) -ouśa
Participle Past Passive (always perfective) -ōniha
Active Passive
Indicative Subjunctive Conditional Inferential Optative Imperative Indicative Subjunctive Conditional Inferential Optative Imperative
Present
Singular 1st person -ai -aira -airā -iñai -alai / -ōnai -ōnaira -ōnairā -ōniñai -ōnalai /
2nd person -ōra -ōrā -iñō -alō -a -ōno -ōnora -ōnorā -ōniñō -ōnalō -ōna
3rd person -ou -oura -ourā -iñou -alou / -ōnou -ōnoura -ōnourā -ōniñou -ōnalou /
Plural 1st person -ēra -ērā -iñē -alē -ōne -ōnera -ōnerā -ōniñē -ōnalē
2nd person -ūra -ūrā -iñū -alū -i -ōnu -ōnura -ōnurā -ōniñū -ōnalū -ōni
3rd person -au -aura -aurā -iñau -alau / -ōnau -ōnaura -ōnaurā -ōniñau -ōnalau /
Past
Singular 1st person -īhan -īlvan -ilvān -īñan -isān / -ōnihan -ōnilvan -ōnilvān -ōniñan -ōnisān /
2nd person -īhon -īlvon -ilvōn -īñon -isōn -ōnihon -ōnilvon -ōnilvōn -ōniñon -ōnisōn
3rd person -īhom -īlvom -ilvōm -īñom -isōm -ōnihom -ōnilvom -ōnilvōm -ōniñom -ōnisōm
Plural 1st person -īhen -īlven -ilvēn -īñen -isēn -ōnihen -ōnilven -ōnilvēn -ōniñen -ōnisēn
2nd person -īhun -īlvun -ilvūn -īñun -isūn -ōnihun -ōnilvun -ōnilvūn -ōniñun -ōnisūn
3rd person -īham -īlvam -ilvām -īñam -isām -ōniham -ōnilvam -ōnilvām -ōniñam -ōnisām
Future
Singular 1st person -ācan -āćan -aćān -āñan -afān / -ōnacan -ōnaćan -ōnaćān -ōnañan -ōnafān /
2nd person -ācon -āćon -aćōn -āñon -afōn -ōnacon -ōnaćon -ōnaćōn -ōnañon -ōnafōn
3rd person -ācom -āćom -aćōm -āñom -afōm -ōnacom -ōnaćom -ōnaćōm -ōnañom -ōnafōm
Plural 1st person -ācen -āćen -aćēn -āñen -afēn -ōnacen -ōnaćen -ōnaćēn -ōnañen -ōnafēn
2nd person -ācun -āćun -aćūn -āñun -afūn -ōnacun -ōnaćun -ōnaćūn -ōnañun -ōnafūn
3rd person -ācam -āćam -aćām -āñam -afām -ōnacam -ōnaćam -ōnaćām -ōnañam -ōnafām

The conjugation of aspects is a little trickier: Every verb has a lexical aspect that is considered the "standard" - and this aspect is conjugated according to the table above. The other aspect is created by adding the prefix ała- to the verb.

Nouns and pronounsEdit

General informationEdit

Nouns and pronouns are declinated the same way. They are declined for number, case and gender.

The number and gender systems are the same as in Latin or German - however, the case system is a bit different.

Cases
Nominative Accusative Dative Locative Ablative
Usage Subject Direct object Indirect object Place or time Agent in passive clauses

DeclensionEdit

Declension
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative
Accusative
Dative
Locative
Ablative

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki