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Conlang

S̈egoviơ

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Segovish
Seguviơ
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
First
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
No
Genders
5
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

S̈egubhiơ (/çigʌvjɵ/) is an old language which was spoken by Segovian people, in Spain (Ciudad de Segovia) on Neolithic. It is surely an elfic language which grown to become S̈eguviơ. It has been the last elfic language to disapear on the Earth.

There were two segovish on Earth, one from Spain (Segovia region), and one from India, which really looked like Segovian from Spain. They haven't been written, later, roman people wrote Spainish Segovian with roman alphabet, and the people from Indus surely wrote Indian Segovish with their own alphabet, which is still very mysterious today.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Case 1 : ŝ (ʃ) become /ʑ/ before an 'i' or 'iu', 'io', 'ia', 'iơ' (not before 'iò'), and /ç/ before a 'iu'.

Case 2 : ng (ŋ) become retroflex /ɳ/ when it's the first consonnant of a word.

Case 3 : i or y (j) become /ʑ/ before 'a' and 'o'.

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n) ng (ŋ)
Plosive p, b (p, b) ph, bh (f, v) t, d (t, d) gy (ɟ) c, g (k, g)
Fricative s (s) ŝ (ʃ) s̈ (ç)
Affricate
Approximant i, y (j)
Trill
Flap or tap r (ɾ)
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l (l) ll (ɭ)
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i (i) u (u)
Near-close
Close-mid e (e) ơ (ɵ)
Mid
Open-mid ò (œ) u (ʌ)
Near-open
Open a (a)

DiphthongsEdit

Diphthong                                                               Triphtong
ae, ai, ea, au                                                            aoi, oai
oe, oa, oò                                                                 oea, oae, oòa



AlphabetEdit

As written above, Segovish is written with roman aplhabet since their meet, about 2000 years, this is the alphabet of Segovish :

A a  Bh bh  C c  D d  E e  Ph ph  G g  I i K k  L l  Ll ll  M m  N n  O o  Ơ c P p  R r  S s   s̈  Ŝ ŝ T t  U u  Y y  Z z

PhonotacticsEdit

Sun and moon vowelsEdit

Sun                                                                    Moon

-a                                                                        -e

-i                                                                          -close mid central

-o                                                                         -u

There are sunny and "moon" words. Their declinasons change as per their gender (sunny-moon), for exemple, the word nasom (nose, sunny 2/2) become nasomi on accusative, nasem (light, sunny-moon) become nasema, and nusem (sand, moon 2/2) become nusemu (everything was on accusative). Words which contain 2 sunny words are called astral words, while ones which contain 2 moon words are called hell words.Edit
And there are also genders like neutral, masculin, feminin and potential. The word nasom is neutral, the word nasem is feminin, the word nusem is masculin.Edit

Potential

The potential express the fact that the word can be masculin, like it can be feminin... Gam (friend, sun 2/2, pot.) is potential because the friend can be a woman or a man.

Summary of genders

1. Astral (2 sunny words)

2. Hell (2 moon words)

3. Moon-sunny (1 moon on head direction, 1 sunny)

4. Sunny-moon (1 sun on head direction, 1 moon)

5. Feminin

6. Masculin

7. Neutral

8. Potential (words which can be feminin or masculin, equivalent of neutral)


GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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