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Conlang

Sache

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General informationEdit

Sache, or in the native name, Saje, is a personal conlang inspired by English, Portuguese, Italian, and Chinese.

PhonologyEdit

The orthographic symbols used in the alphabet are listed in parenthesis next to their corresponding IPA symbol.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m (m) n (n)
Plosive p (p) t (t) k (k)
Fricative f (f) s (s)
Affricate ʧ (j)
Approximant j (y)
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l (l)
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i (i) ɨ (u)
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e̞ (e)
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a (a)

DiphthongsEdit

IPA Orthography
aɪ̯ ai
eɪ̯ ei
ɨɪ̯ ɨi

PhonotacticsEdit

(C1)(C2)(Y)V(C3)

C1: any consonant

C2: plosives(only compatible with preceding s) or letter L(only compatible with preceding f,s,p,k)

Y: letter Y

V: any vowel or dipthong

C3: letter N or L

StressEdit

Stress is always on the second-to-last syllable.

GrammarEdit

ArticlesEdit

There are no articles in Sache.

CopulaEdit

Since there is no "to be" verb, Sache speakers employ the zero copula in certain instances.

Yɨ jeni te tyɨ fil. I (am) the parent of two children.
Ti alti. You (are) tall.
Le en casa. He/she/it (is) in the house.

NounsEdit

Nouns do not decline and plurality is determined through context.

un man one hand
tyɨ man two hands

Personal PronounsEdit

Person Singular Plural
1st tɨi yɨ
2nd ti tɨi ti
3rd le tɨi le

VerbsEdit

Verbs do not conjugate and tenses are determined through context.

I come. Yɨ fen.
I came yesterday. Yɨ fen eyi.
I will come tomorrow. Yɨ fen tɨmani.
I am coming now. Yɨ fen ɨya.
I already came. Yɨ ja fen.

Passive VoiceEdit

Passive voice in Sache can be expressed by combining a, meaning "to", with a verb.

I am inspired. Yɨ a inspiya.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are placed before the noun it modifies.

alti fil tall children

Example textEdit

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