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Saharonati language

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Saharonati
Saharonati
Type
Semitic-based fusional
Alignment
Ergative-Absolutive
Head direction
Initinal
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Three
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The etymology of Saharonati comes from the Semitic word "Saharon"/"Sahar", which means crescent. Ideally, this is the lingua franca of the fertile crescent. It is based upon the Akkadian, Aramaic, Sumerian, Phoenician, Hebrew and Arabic languages, to created a pan-Msopotamian lingua franca.

It is based upon near-eastern, Semitic linguistics and grammar.

The word Saharonti, for the language, is the shortage of the full "Har-Lišannati Har-Saharonati", meaning "the Crescentian tongue".

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p   b t  d k  g q ʔ
Fricative f   v ṣ s z ś ʃ   ʒ x ħ ʕ h
Affricate
Approximant l j w
Trill r

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i  i: u  u:
Near-close
Close-mid e̞  e̞: o̞  o̞:
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open ä  ä:

AlphabetEdit

Name Letter Phonetic value Phonetic name
Consonants
Aa ʔ ˀ /ʔ/ ä/
Be

B b

V v

/b/

/v/

/be̞/

Gi G g /g/ /gi/
Da D d /d/ /dä/
He H h /h/ /he̞/
Wa W w

/w/

/v/

/wä/
Za Z z /z/ /zä/
Ħe Ħ ħ /ħ/ e̞/
Ṭe Ṭ ṭ /ṭ/ /ṭe̞/
Yu Y y /j/ /ju/
Ka

K k

X x

/k/

/x/

/kä/
La L l /l/ /lä/
Me M m /m/ /me̞/
Nu N n /n/ /nu/
Sa S s /s/ /sä/
'Aa ʕ ˁ /ʕ/ ä/
Pe

P p

F f

/p/

/f/

/pe̞/
Ca C c /ṣ/ /ä/
Qo Q q /q/ /qo̞/
Re R r /r/ /re̞/
Ša

Š š

Ś ś

/ʃ/

/s/

/ʃä/
Ta T t /t/ /tä/
Vowels
Vowel Phonetic value
A

/ä/

E //
I /i/
O //
U /u/

VocabularyEdit


No. English Saharonati
1Iʔanak
2you (singular)ʔatta (male) / ʔatti (female)
3heHušu
4weNenu
5you (plural)ʔattum (male) / ʔattun (female)
6theyHumu (male) / Hunu (female)
7thisZin
8thatZin
9herePo
10thereŠom
11whoMan
12whatMen
13whereMun
14whenMite
15howYaqa
16notBal
17allKol
18manyRevu
19someĦaliqu
20fewQactu
21otherʔaħru
22oneʔaħad / ʔahdet
23twoŠena / Šenet
24threeŠlata / Šlatet
25fourʕerba / ʕerbet
26fiveĦamsa / Ħamset
27bigGabru
28longʔarxu
29wideRaħvu
30thickʕabu
31heavyQavdu
32smallQagiru
33shortNemxu
34narrowCaru
35thinCriru
36womanAluli
37man (adult male)Alulu
38man (human being)Alulim
39childYaldu
40wifeʔeši
41husbandʔiše
42motherʔem
43fatherʔev
44animalĦaytu
45fishSamexu
46birdʔacpori
47dogKalvu
48louseQinnu
49snakeNunu
50wormTulaˁu
51treeʕacu
52forestʕacuru
53stickMaqlu
54fruitPrunu
55seedZraˁ
56leafVurqu
57rootŠuršu
58barkGzaˁ
59flowerZrahu
60grassʕašbu
61ropeĦablu
62skinGeldu
63meatLašru
64bloodDammu
65boneʕacmu
66fatŠomnu
67eggBeccu
68hornQarnu
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name





Example textEdit

Har-Yaldati laħqi b-raħbu w leˁabi b-kadratu.

"The girl walked down the street and played with a ball".

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