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Saidama (Dryadic language)

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Saidama, more correctly spelled Ssa e-dama (literally: language of the mulberry [people]), is spoken by various Dryadic tribes that inhabit the flooded forests and mangrove-like swaps of Tantah (on Dartea). They live in the canopy (hence, they are dryads, also known as arboreal folk) and they are known for trading large quantities of mulberries. Mulberries are a status symbol in Saidamic communities; their elders wear necklaces made of dried mulberries. A handful of Saidamic tribes live in small thalassocracies on the litoral Tantah and they trade in coastal herbs and salt.

Saidama (Dryadic language)
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal Voiced Normal m [m] n [n] nn [ɲ~n̠ʲ] ŋ [ŋ] (ŋ [ɴ])
Velarised/labialised ŋw [ŋʷ]
Stop Voiceless Ejective p' [pʼ] k' [kʼ]
Normal p [p] k [k]
Aspirated ph [ph] kh [kh]
Velarised/labialised pw [pw] kw [kʷ]
Voiced Normal b [b] d [d̪~d] g [g]
Velarised/labialised bw [bw] gw [gw]
Fricative Voiceless fh [ɸ] f [f] s [s] x [x]
Voiced Normal bh [β~v] dh [ð] z [z] ɣ [ɣ] ĝ [ʁ] h [ɦ]
Affricate Voiceless kx [kx]
Voiced gɣ [gɣ]
Approximant Voiced w [β̞~ʋ] y [j]
Velarised/labialised ŷ [ɥ~jʷ] (w [w])
Voiceless ŵ [ʍ~hw]
Rhotic flap r [ɾ]
Lateral approximant l [l] ll [ʎ]

y (/j/) palatalises the preceding consonant (similar to the way soft vowels do), e.g. sya- and sä- could be pronounced in the same way (however, sä- can only be [sjɑ-], whereas sya- could be [sja-] in some words.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
Near-high ɪ ʊ
High-mid e o
Mid ə
Low-mid ɛ ɜ ɔ
Near-low æ
Low a ɑ

Vowel system:

Phoneme Vowel type Letter Stressed Reduced
/a/ hard a [a] or [ɑ] [ɑ]
soft ä [jɑ] [jæ]
long ā [aː]
/e/ hard e [e] or [ɛ] [ə]
soft ë [jɛ] [jə]
long ē [eː]
/æ/ hard æ/ae [æ] [ɜ]
soft æ̈/äe [jæ] [jə]
long ǣ/āe [æː]
/o/ (regular) o [o] [ɔ]
long ō [oː]
/u/ (regular) u [u] [ʊ]
long ū [uː]
/i/ hard i [i] [i]
soft ï [ji] [ji]
long ī [iː]
/ə/ (regular) ə [ə] [ə]
/ɪ/ (long) ȳ [ɪ] or [ɪː]

Diphthongs and double vowels Edit

ai = [ɛ]

ei = [ɛɪ̯]

oi

ou = [u]

ui

ao

eo

PhonotacticsEdit

no words with u and a vowel other than u or o > vowel harmony to some extent

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Noun classes Edit

# prefix / suffix typical meaning examples translation
singular dual plural (indefinite)
1 Ø-, ka-, ku- gi- ki- masculine people kada, gida, kida; dafan, gidafan, kidafan a man, two men, men; a father, two fathers, fathers
2 Ø-, o-, ni-, fi-, ë- fe- (fë-) fi- feminine/mixed people fias, feas, fias; ëm, fëm, fim a woman, two women, women; a tribe, two tribes, tribes
3 ru-, ĝu-, gw- ɣu-, ɣu-, xw- ɣui-, ɣui-, xwi- plants, trees gwar, xwar, xwiar an oak, two oaks, oaks
4 y-, ŷ-, w-, ŵ-, d-, dh- yas-, ŷas-, was-, ŵas-, das-, dhas- fruits, vegetables, nuts dama, dasama; wo, waso a mulberry, mulberries; an apple, apples
5 Ø-, p'a-, pa-, ba-, pwa-, bwa- -s (tangible) objects, tools, things balau, balaus; p'ar, p'ars a river, rivers; a bread, breads
6 Ø-, V-, D-, VV- -m abstract/intangible concepts īnsu, īnsum; samei a fire, fires; love
7 bh-, bw-, l-, ll- fh-, fw-, s-, sy- animals bwir, fwir a lizard, lizards
8 m-, n-, nn- nn- birds masella, nnasella an eagle, eagles
9 we- N/A gerund weobhir writing (from obhir, to write)
  • Ø- means no typical prefix.
  • Vowels listed here may be either long or short (e.g. the prefix ka- may also be found as kā-).
  • V- means any vowel but ə.
  • D- means diphthong.
  • VV- means two vowels.
  • Note that there is only a specific dual form for classes one, two and three.

notes:

- noun classes as in Bantu langs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noun_class#Bantu_languages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consonant_mutation

Cases Edit

VerbsEdit

Soft roots Edit

s-d-r

present tense: sidar (i-a) > sidara: I speak

sidara: I speak

sidaran: you speak

sidaren: he speaks

sidarei: she speaks

sidarna: we (inclusive) speak

sidarnas: we (exclusive) speak

sidarnan: you (plural) speak

sidar: they speak

present perfect: sidär (i-ä) > sidäri: I have spoken/I spoke

aorist: seder (e-e) > sederse: I spoke

past imperfect: suder (u-e) > suderse: I spoke/I was speaking

past perfect: sudur (u-u) > sudurse: I had spoken

Hard roots Edit

kw-l-f

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

A Edit

abwan - (6) year

adhu - (6) signal

afda - (6) air

aɣaf - (6)

assa - (6)

Ä Edit

Ā Edit

Æ/AE Edit

Æ̈/ÄE Edit

Ǣ/ĀE Edit

B Edit

Bh Edit

Bw Edit

D Edit

Dh Edit

E Edit

Ë Edit

Ē Edit

Ǝ Edit

F Edit

fyeo

Fh Edit

G Edit

Gw Edit

Ĝ Edit

Edit

Ɣ Edit

H Edit

I Edit

Ï Edit

Ī Edit

K Edit

K' Edit

Kh Edit

Kw Edit

Kx Edit

L Edit

Ll Edit

M Edit

N Edit

Nn Edit

O Edit

Ō Edit

P Edit

P' Edit

Ph Edit

Pw Edit

R Edit

S Edit

U Edit

W Edit

Ŵ Edit

X Edit

Y Edit

Ŷ Edit

=== Z

===

Example textEdit

Ɣa sawimba ar disiba, uwa nayama e-nnomisi ese. Feo kimi dira aoisi.

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