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Saja

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Overview

SettingEdit

The Saja language (Kasak Saja: abbr. SJA) is the current language of the Saja people (Idem Saja). It is the descendant language of Azuril, which was spoken over 40,000 years earlier by a group of people who were accidentally transported into the world of the Patheren, the original inhabitants of the world, Yupit. Saja script (Sulata Saja) is the crude form of the script the Azuril wrote in, Sihinda Azuril. As a daughter language of Azuril, Kasak Saja, has many of its core words derived from Azuril. For example, the words I, you and he as well as the verb to be in Kasak Saja are em, en, at and i and in Azuril are mu, nu, tu and yi respectively. Just as in Azuril, there are no definite and indefinite articles. Kasaka Saja has also been affected by the only other language in the world at that time 40,000 years ago, Tapni.


People Edit

The Saja people (Idem Saja) were originally nomads, reminiscent of their ancestors, the Azuril. Around 30,000 years ago, 10,000 years after the total extinction of the Azuril language, people and culture (Kasaka Azuril), the Idem Saja, or simply, Sajatar (This is the Saja word for a Saja person or people, much like 'American' is the word in English for an American person) had decided that they had had enough of the nomadic way of life and settled in an expansive flatlands that had grass growing for miles with a few hills. The area was called Azran Endethril in Azuril meaning Flatlands (SJA: Inilos Endil). Today it is known as Kunam Saja or simply, Saja country.

Basic GrammarEdit

! To properly see the Saja Script (Sulok ko Saja)' please download and install the font file Saja' True Type Font file.
! The text will show if you leave the file window open or if you put it in the C:\WINDOWS\Fonts folder if you have windows

Download Saja Font File (34.47kb

* This Font file is complete in just the letters, numbers and simple punctuation marks. The other parts of this font are still under construction.

== == Simple Sentence, Interrogative & Compound Sentences == The Saja Language (Saja: Kasaka Saja ) has two different grammatical structures (Saja: Yurak Riminyiril ) depending on whether the sentence is a statement or question. For simple statements, Saja follows the OVS format. If the subject is not present, it is assumed that the subject is 'I' (Em). When said with a rise in tone near the end of the sentence, the assumed subject is 'You' (En). To avoid restating the subject, the pronoun yar may be used in place of a subject previously mentioned. For interrogative sentences, simply switch the subject and object of the sentence and it becomes an interrogative sentence. Compound sentences follow the same structure as the simple sentence with a conjunction (and, or, nor, xor *) between the two simple sentences.

*Xor - this is a form of or with a preference for the second option.

The three sentence structures are shown below.
(Object is italicized, Verb is underlined, Subject is bolded)

Simple Statement Edit

English Saja
Well trained armiesfight well against untrained armies Jaja heram butarsisba, bo'il zak heram bo'il tarsisba
Example of an Omitted Subject Kasaba mitaba k'eniga
Ihave to go studymath now Aron mumuhoanalas maya (subject = em)


Vocabulary
Analas Study / Research
Aron Now / Today
Bo'il* Good/Well
Butarsisba Untrained
Bu No / Not / Un-
Em I / Me
Eniga Example
Heram Army
Jaja Against
K' (Ko) Of (linker word )
Kasaba Subject
Maya Need / Have to
Mita Omit
Mitaba Omitted
Mumuho Mathematics
Tarsisba Trained
Zak Fight

* Whenever an apostrophe is present, it denotes a pause in the word as if it were two words instead of one. (Bo'il = Boh - eel)

Interrogative Edit

English Saja
How do you say this word? Yar ra'emsara en yobu?


Vocabulary
En You
Ra'em* Word
Sara Say
Yar This / That / It
Yobu How

* Whenever an apostrophe is present, it denotes a pause in the word as if it were two words instead of one. (Ra'em = Rah - ehm)

Compound Sentence Edit

Fish swim upstream AND bears catch them Abilescarovosi'ba MU ataranyaandrid
People live AND die everyday Ada idem MU azara hanhan dihim


Vocabulary
Abilescar Upstream
Ada Live / Life
Andrid Bear
Anya Catch
Atar They / Them
Azara Die
Dihim Day
Hanhan Every
Idem People
Mu And / Yes
Si'ba Fish



Personal Pronouns
Edit

Personal pronouns are also very simple in Kasaka Saja. The three main point of views are first person (I), second person (You) and third person (He/She). To make the plural form, simply add the pronoun pluralizer (-ar). This pluralizer is only used for these three pronouns as Saja nouns have no plural form.


Singular Plural
I Em We Emar
You En You Enar
He/She At They Atar

*Yar is the word for 'it' and also can be used as a placeholder subject for a topic previously mentioned


Pronouns in Kasaka Saja do not decline depending on case in a sentence (i.e.: in English, he/she changes to him/her when used in the accusative or dative case). The meaning can be derived from its place in the sentence. To get the accusative case, the pronoun must be spoken away from the verb. To get the dative case, the pronoun must be next to the verb. In cases where both forms are needed, the dative form can be achieved by following the structure previously mentioned. Another way to create a sentence with two pronouns in two different cases is to say cal (to / for) and then the pronoun to get it in the dative case. The left over pronoun is in the accusative case. Examples of these are listed below.

(Nominative case is italicized, Accusative is bolded, Dative is underlined)

Can you see him? En yo piu ator  At yo piu en?
She's giving him the book Da, ahur at aga at.
He gives her away to him. At at aga ator  Calatat aga at.


Postpositions Edit

Prepositions in English are actually postpositions in Kasaka Saja. They always come after the word they are linked to. For example, '...on the table...' becomes '...ahina bin...', with the postposition coming after the word.

Here are a few examples:

Could you put the swordon the wall? Unalabinsidrin poi ko no?
He's in the house now. Aron, atarajin yat*.
The birds are flying through the clouds. Sinyid ter yala isop.


Here are a list of prepositions. (under construction)


Numbers Edit

Numbers 0 - 10 Edit

Numbers are simple in Kasaka Saja in that they do not change depending on if they are cardinal (one, two, three, etc) or ordinal (first, second, third, etc.). Instead, to make the ordinal form of the number, the linking word k' (ko) (of) gets placed in between the object being counted and the number, for example: Second rival = Jiralhane ko ho

Here are the numbers 0 - 10:


English Saja
0 Gala
1 Mo
2 Ho
3 Epi
4 Onor
5 Syir
6 Ku
7 Ramza
8 Arca
9 Azma
10 Tam


Examples of Ordinal Numbers 1-10:

English Saja
1st Ko gala
2nd Ko ho
3rd Ko epi (kepi)
4th Ko onor (konor)
5th Ko syir
6th Ko ku
7th Ko ramza
8th Ko arca (karca)
9th Ko azma (kazma)
10th Ko tam



Numbers 11 - 19
Edit

To create numbers 11 - 19 simply say the number of ten's (tam) followed by the number in the one's place.
Here are the numbers 11 - 19 with a breakdown of how they are made:

English Saja Saja Script
11 Tam + Mo Tamo 11
12 Tam + Ho Tamho 12
13 Tam + Epi Tamepi 13
14 Tam + Onor Tamonor 14
15 Tam + Syir Tamsyir 15
16 Tam + Ku Tamku 16
17 Tam + Ramza Tamramza 17
18 Tam + Arca Tamarca 18
19 Tam + Azma Tamazma 19


Numbers 20 - 90 Edit

To create numbers 20, 30 , 40 and 50 all the way to 90, simply put the number of times you are multiplying ten before the word for ten (tam). To make a number that includes a number in the one's place (i.e.: 74), simply construct it like this: seven-ten-four (Ramza-tam-onor = Seventy-Four). Although there are hyphens in this example, the numbers are usually written together as one word: Ramzatamonor . However, when written, it is written with a seven in the tens place and a four in the ones place just like with Arabic numbers, 74 or .

English Saja Saja Script
20 Ho + tam Hotam 20
30 Epi + tam Epitam 30
40 Onor + tam Onortam 40
50 Syir + tam Syirtam 50
60 Ku + tam Kutam 60
70 Ramza + tam Ramzatam 70
80 Arca + tam Arcatam 80
90 Azma + tam Azmatam 90
53 Syir+tam+epi Syirtamepi 53
48 Onor+tam+arca Onortamarca 48
29 Ho+tam+azma Hotamazma 29


Numbers 100 - 1,000,000,000 Edit

Creating these numbers follows the same rules with creating the tens (20, 30, 40, etc). The only difference is that the the higher number gets written/spoken first with the tens and ones nested afterwards. For example: 254 = two-hundred-five-ten-four (Ho'amorsyirtamonor : )

English Saja Saja Script
100 Amor Amor 100
200 Ho + amor Ho'amor 200
500 Syir + amor Syiramor 300
1,000 Ham Ham 1000
3,000 Epi + ham Epiham 3000
5,000 Syir + ham Syirham 5000
10,000 Tam + ham Tamham 10000
60,000 Kutam + ham Kutamham 60000
100,000 Amor + ham Amorham 100000
1,000,000 Mas Mas 100000
1,000,000,000 Ham + mas Hamas 1000000000
4,865 Onorham + Arca'amorkutamsyir Onorhamarca'amorkutamsyir 4865
15,312 Tamsyirham + Epiamortamho Tamsyirhamepiamortamho 15312

DictionaryEdit

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Example textEdit

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