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Conlang

Sakåår

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Sakåår
Sakåår
Type
Alignment
Transitive-intransitive
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Sakåår is the indigenous language of Sulzak, a colony of Aratkom.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ɲ/ ng /ŋ/
Plosive p /p/ t /t/ c /c/ k /k/ ' /ʔ/
Fricative f /ɸ/ s /s/ ç /ç/ q /x/ h /h/
Approximant w /β/ j /j/
Trill r /r/
Lateral fric. l /ɬ/ ll /ʎ̝̊/

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i /i/ y ÿ /ɨ ʉ/ u /u/
Mid e /e/ o /o/
Open a /a/ å /ɒ/

All vowels can be made long. This is orthographically indicated by doubling the vowel.

PhonotacticsEdit

The basic syllable structure is (C)V(C). However, a syllable cannot start with the last consonant of the previous syllable.

Any combination of a plosive and a fricative is possible, both initially and finally. Furthermore an approximant can be added to the end of an initial consonant cluster.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

VerbsEdit

Verbs aren't conjugated for things specified elsewhere in the sentence - so a sentence like "I ate a fish yesterday" wouldn't be in the past tense. Verbs don't agree with number either, but they do agree with person of both subject and objects - but not when that's already specified. For the subject and the direct object following prefixes are used:

Object
None 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Subject None Ø- a- i- ål-
1st person ñy- eer- llon- uu-
2nd person paan- yyk- tåår- il-
3rd person mu- cit- çÿ- jii-

Indirect objects use suffixes instead: -kaa (1st person), -fyñ (2nd person) and -let (3rd person).

TenseEdit

The past tense is formed by lowering and shortening the stressed vowel. In other words I and Y become E, E becomes A, U and Ÿ become O, O becomes Å, and A and Å remain unchanged.

The future tense however is formed using the circumfix my-...-cåll and switching the first two consonants (that includes the "m").

NounsEdit

Case Posessor
None 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Transitive -fÿ -qoç -muu
Intransitive -'aa -fÿ'a -qo'oc -muu'u
Ditransitive -tå -få -qåc -må
Possessed -ke -fek -qek -mek

If there is an adjective, the stem vowel is lengthened.

VocabularyEdit


No. English Sakåår
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


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