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Salex

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Salex
Salexa Maekabêr
Type Synthetic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 1
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Sil3n7ButDeadly


Classification and DialectsEdit

The following functions or word qualities are present in Salex.

AFF - Affirmative
NEG - Negative
OPP - Oppositional
NTL - Neutral
NTH - North
STH - South
EST - East
WST - West

IHT - Inherent
ACQ - Acquired

ARB - Arbitrary
IND - Indefinite
DEF - Definite

PSL - Personal
IPL - Impersonal

NUL - Null
SNG - Singular
PLU - Plural
DUL - Dual

INC - Inclusive
EXC - Exclusive

SPL - Simple
PFT - Perfect
IMP - Imperfect
PRG - Progressive
PRT - Preterite

HYP - Hypothetical
CND - Conditional
AUX - Auxiliary
INF - Infinitive

PST - Past
PRS - Present
FUT - Future

ACT - Active
PSV - Passive
RFX - Reflexive
RCL - Reciprocal

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f θ s ʃ ç x
Affricate ts
Approximant w ɹ ɰ
Trill r
Lateral fric. ɬ
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
High i y u
Near-high ɪ
High-mid
Low-mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Near-low ɐ
Low æ

PhonotacticsEdit

  • Words may not end in a voiced obstruent
  • Consonant clusters may contain, at most, two obstruents, and none may be longer than three consonants.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A a Ā ā Â â B b C c Č č Ç ç D d E e Ē ē Ê ê F f
Sound æ ɐ ɐ ja b ts ç d ɛ e ei je f
Letter G g I i Ī ī K k L l M m N n O o Ô ô P p Q q R r
Sound g ɪ i ai i k l m n ɔ ʌu̯ p x ɹ r
Letter S s Š š T t U u Ū ū Û û Ü ü W w Ẅ ẅ X x Z z
Sound s ʃ t ʌ ʉ u y w ɰ ks θ

DigraphsEdit

Letters Ai ai Æ ae Ll ll Rr rr
Sound ai aiə ɬ r

Double letters besides L and R represent geminates.

GrammarEdit

Defining aspects of Salex's grammar include:

  • Polarity (affirmative, negative, oppositional, neutral / north, south, east, west)
  • Distinction between inherent and acquired properties of nouns
  • Tripartite vowel signatures for nouns and verbs

PolarityEdit

The concept of polarity is present throughout Salex.  First, any polar component of the language (verbs, vowels, adjectives, etc.) has either even or odd polarity.  Odd polarity occurs when the components are unequal, i.e. there's a connotative difference (positive vs. negative).  AFF, NEG, OPP and NTL polarity is odd.  Even is the exact opposite, when the components carry an equal but opposite meaning and the polarity can be assigned arbitrarily.  This is noted with NTH, STH, EST, and WST.

Vowel polarity is as follows.  Recall that North, South, and West are assigned arbitrarily; it's only important that North and South are treated as opposites.  Some inflectional operations involve exchanging vowels for their opposite.

North West South
I U
E O
A Ai
 Æ Ü

Connotative vowels play a role in how Salex handles polarity.  The three connotative vowels are U, Ü, and I.  I is associated with proximal, positive things, U with distal, negative things, and Ü with medial, neutral things.  While this association isn't universal, it nevertheless is a clear pattern in the language.  It is thought that other vowels had full connotative roles early in the language's development, but they have since disappeared.  It is also likely that some consonants have limited, likely undetectable connotative roles.

Vowel SignaturesEdit

The last three vowels separated by consonants in a word are referred to as the vowel signature.  This is the mechanism used for inflection of nouns and verbs.  They're noted with dashes, ex. A-E-U.  Each of these vowels plays a different grammatical role.  An X can be used as a "wildcard" meaning that any vowel fits the signature, ex. A-E-X would be applicable to both dalenni and katerro.

NounsEdit

Nouns decline to definiteness (arbitrary, indefinite, definite) and number (null, singular, plural).  There are four classes of declension depending on the ending of the verb in the arbitrary singular form.  Classes 1-3 end in NTH vowels which are made null with their respective STH vowel and pluralized with Æ.  Class 4 ends in a NTH vowel followed by -x.  It can be made null by swapping the NTH vowel for its respective STH vowel, but the NTH-x form is used for both the singular and plural, similar to the English word deer.

Definiteness is determined by the second vowel in the signature.

Vowel Significance
E ARB
A IND
Ü DEF
I Demonstrative, PSL
U Demonstrative, IPL

VerbsEdit

Verbs have only one declension class.  They're characterized by the gemination of the consonant that begins the last syllable, or one of the non-geminate double consonants, rr and ll.

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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