The Saltonian alphabet is not entirely phonemic, and no universal rules apply governing allophony (especially with vowels). However, general rules can be drawn for some aspects of Saltonian allophony.
The following shows the allophonic forms of palatalized consonants in the final position
Common allophones include the following:
All Saltonian words have a default part of speech. Salton sometimes makes a distinction between "natural" words in their default part of speech like produce and "synthetic" words that were modified from another part of speech like production.
Following a marked nominative alignment, Saltonian nouns decline to three cases, the nominative, the accusative/oblique, and the genitive. Nouns ending in consonants in the accusative decline agglutinatively with their suffixes, while nouns ending in vowels take the suffix after dropping their final vowel.
Saltonian nouns belong to one of three major classes. Nouns ending in consonants belong to either classes I or II, while those ending in vowels belong to class III only. The distribution of nouns among classes I and II is seemingly arbitrary, but this is because the distinction present in Salton's proto-language has been lost while the classification itself has been retained. Classes II and III distinguish between the singular and plural, however class I does not. Irregularities generally deal with class II and III verbs not distinguishing between numbers. These are referred to as classes II-N and III-N respectively.
Saltonian adjectives do not decline, however natural adjectives have both a predicative and attributive form. The attributive form can vary, but the predicative always ends in « -al » (the same suffix used to form synthetic adjectives).
Adverbs are formed by changing the final « -al » to « -el » in the predicative form of their respective adjective
Saltonian verbs are conjugated fusionally to voice, mood, person, number, tense, and aspect. Infinitive verbs end in « -ü » and are conjugated by removing the ending and adding on the following suffixes. The conditional is treated as a tense in Salton.
Salton is a pro-drop language, however pronouns may be included for clarification or emphasis, and are required in the auxiliary forms and other ambiguous cases
Auxiliary forms of verbs are used for various paraphrastic constructions, idioms, and other grammatical functions in Salton. These are conjugated identically to the first person dual inclusive preceeded by the respective nominative pronoun.