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Salvanian

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Salvanian
Savaliu Chi
Type Analytic
Alignment Varies
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

I have noticed that there is a large deprivation of analytic and isolating languages here on Conlang Wiki. I understand how choosing this path can be off putting; it seems to be too easy and English is already analytic by nature. But I think that such languages can be very interesting. It gives you an opportunity to play with the arrangements of words quite creatively, something which synthetic languages tend to lack. Thinking about it, this is probably the only language I will ever fully develop.

Salvanian was an auxiliary language designed in southern France in medieval times after an apocalyptic event (it's complicated). After 100 years, the language was declared a failure, although it did have some success amongst high government officials, even becoming used heavily by several declared monarchs (though not amongst the peasants). Coincidentally, the language grew to become a speech that represented, to some extent, wealth, intelligence, and general prestige across certain regions. Despite this, however, very few people aside from the children of kings and queens are first speakers of Salvanian, and even this trend rarely lasts, meaning both its phonology and grammar have remained largely in tact. There have been, however, introductions of allophones never intended in the language every now and then, sometimes either due to accents or by first speakers unconsciously fiddling with their mother-tongue. Eventually, these allophones are either replaced or disappear entirely from speaker to speaker, generation to generation.

PhonologyEdit

Because the language was designed by speakers of Old French, a great deal of resemblance can be seen, albeit fairly simplified.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/ /n/ /n/*
Plosive /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /t/* /d/* /k/ /g/
Fricative /f/ /v/ /s/ /z/ /s/* /z/*
Affricate /t͡s/ /t͡s/* /t͡ʃ/ /d͡ʒ/
Approximant /j/* /w/
Trill /ʙ/ /r/
Flap or tap
Lateral app. /l/* /l/ /ʎ/

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close /i/ /u/
Open /a/

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)(s, z, i, u)V(V)(l, r)(C)

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A B C D F G I J L M N P
Sound a b k~t͡s d f g i~j d͡ʒ l m n p
Letter Q* R S T U V Z Ç BB LL** CH
Sound kw r s t u~w v z t͡s ʙ ʎ t͡ʃ

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Root Word Dative Locative
Psilac (Vehicle) Psilaca Psilaciv
Ladu (Paper) Ladua Laduiv
Viati (Meat) Viatia Viativ

VerbsEdit

Indicative

Conditional Imperative
Piaticu (Deliver) Piatiquit Piatiqual
Ai (Be) Aich Aillal
Iza (Help) Izut Izul
Vui (Have) Vuit Vuillal
Llus (Drink) Llusit Llusal

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Salvanian
1Isi
2you (singular)vi
3hecu
4wesau
5you (plural)vau
6theycau
7thisfin
8thatzu
9herefinta
10therezuta
11whozac
12whatgata
13wheregif
14whengin
15howgui
16notdu
17allsiam
18manycav
19somequil
20fewsuap
21othervuz
22oneju
23twovan
24threeciu
25fourquu
26fivejaf
27bigiltum
28longnauum
29widefiucu
30thickzuafiucu
31heavyirpu
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanfild
37man (adult male)mult
38man (human being)caman
39childzafri
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animalurd
45fishpaz
46birdchunu
47dogcav
48lousenus
49snakenac
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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